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Home: On this Day: October 31

Famous birthdays, deaths and events of October 31


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Birthdays
  • 1291 - Philippe de Vitry, French composer (d. 1361)
  • 1599 - Denzil Holles, 1st Baron Holles
  • 1620 - John Evelyn, English diarist (d. 1706)
  • 1692 - Comte de Caylus, French archaeologist (d. 1765)
  • 1724 - Christopher Anstey, English writer (d. 1805)
  • 1795 - John Keats, British poet (d. 1821)
  • 1825 - Charles Lavigerie, French cardinal (d. 1892)
  • 1831 - Paolo Mantegazza, Italian neurologist (d. 1910)
  • 1835 - Krišjānis Barons, Latvian writer (d. 1923)
  • 1848 - Boston Custer, brother of George Armstrong Custer (d. 1876)
  • 1851 - Lovisa of Sweden, queen of Denmark (d. 1926)
  • 1879 - Sara Allgood, Irish actress (d. 1950)
  • 1887 - Newsy Lalonde, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1970)
  • 1888 - Napoleon Lapathiotis, Greek poet (d. 1944)
  • 1892 - Alexander Alekhine, Russian chess player (d. 1946)
  • 1896 - Ethel Waters, American singer and actress (d. 1977)
  • 1912 - Dale Evans, American singer and actress (d. 2001)
  • 1912 - Ollie Johnston, American animator (d. 2008)
  • 1914 - Joe Carcione, American consumer advocate (d. 1988)
  • 1917 - Thomas Hill, Canadian actor
  • 1919 - Magnus Wenninger, American priest
  • 1920 - Dick Francis, Welsh novelist
  • 1920 - Joseph Gelineau French composer, (d. 2008)
  • 1920 - Fritz Walter, German footballer (d. 2002)
  • 1922 - Barbara Bel Geddes, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1922 - Anatoli Papanov, Soviet actor (d. 1987)
  • 1922 - Illinois Jacquet, American saxophonist (d. 2004)
  • 1927 - Lee Grant, American actress
  • 1928 - Cleo Moore, American actress (d. 1973)
  • 1929 - Eddie Charlton, Australian snooker player (d. 2004)
  • 1929 - Bud Spencer, Italian actor
  • 1930 - Michael Collins, American astronaut
  • 1933 - Phil Goyette, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1936 - Michael Landon, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1937 - Tom Paxton, American singer-songwriter
  • 1939 - Ron Rifkin, American actor
  • 1939 - Tom O'Connor, British comedian
  • 1939 - Alui Farka Touré, Malian musician (d. 2006)
  • 1941 - Derek Bell, British racing driver
  • 1942 - Dave McNally, American baseball player (d. 2002)
  • 1942 - David Ogden Stiers, American actor
  • 1943 - Brian Piccolo, American football player (d. 1970)
  • 1944 - Kinky Friedman, American musician and novelist
  • 1944 - Sally Kirkland, American actress
  • 1945 - Brian Doyle-Murray, American comedian and actor
  • 1945 - Russ Ballard, English rock singer/songwriter
  • 1946 - Stephen Rea, Irish actor
  • 1946 - Norman Lovett, British actor
  • 1947 - Deidre Hall, American actress
  • 1947 - Frank Shorter, American runner
  • 1949 - Bob Siebenberg, American drummer (Supertramp)
  • 1950 - John Candy, Canadian comedian and actor (d. 1994)
  • 1950 - Jane Pauley, American news anchor
  • 1952 - Bernard Edwards, American bass guitarist (Chic) (d. 1996)
  • 1953 - Michael J. Anderson, American actor
  • 1954 - Ken Wahl, American actor
  • 1957 - Robert Pollard, American rocker (Guided by Voices)
  • 1957 - Brian Stokes Mitchell, American singer and actor
  • 1958 - Jeannie Longo, French cyclist
  • 1959 - Neal Stephenson, American author
  • 1959 - Mats Näslund, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1960 - Luis Fortuño, Puerto Rican delegate to Congress
  • 1960 - Arnaud Desplechin, French film director
  • 1960 - Mike Gallego, American baseball player
  • 1961 - Peter Jackson, New Zealand film director
  • 1961 - Larry Mullen, Irish drummer (U2)
  • 1961 - Alonzo Babers, American runner
  • 1961 - Kate Campbell, American musician
  • 1963 - Mikkey Dee, Swedish musician
  • 1963 - Johnny Marr, English guitarist and songwriter (The Smiths
  • 1963 - Fred McGriff, American baseball player
  • 1963 - Dermot Mulroney, American actor
  • 1963 - Rob Schneider, American actor
  • 1964 - Colm Ó Cíosóig, Irish drummer (My Bloody Valentine
  • 1964 - Marty Wright, American professional wrestler
  • 1964 - Darryl Worley, American country singer
  • 1965 - Annabella Lwin, British singer (Bow Wow Wow)
  • 1965 - Rob Rackstraw, voice actor
  • 1966 - Adam Horovitz (Adrock), American rapper (Beastie Boys)
  • 1966 - Koji Kanemoto, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1966 - Joseph Boyden, Canadian novelist
  • 1966 - Mike O'Malley, American actor
  • 1967 - Vanilla Ice, American rapper
  • 1968 - Antonio Davis, American basketball player
  • 1969 - David Coburn, American actor/voice actor
  • 1970 - Linn Berggren, Swedish singer (Ace of Base)
  • 1970 - Rogers Stevens, American guitarist (Blind Melon)
  • 1970 - Mitch Harris, American guitarist (Napalm Death
  • 1970 - Johnny Moeller, American blues guitarist
  • 1970 - Steve Trachsel, American baseball player
  • 1971 - Alphonso Ford, American basketball player (d. 2004)
  • 1971 - Ian Walker, English footballer
  • 1971 - Toby Anstis, British radio presenter
  • 1972 - Shaun Bartlett, South African footballer
  • 1972 - Matt Dawson, English rugby union footballer
  • 1973 - Tim Byrdak, American baseball player
  • 1973 - David Dellucci, American baseball player
  • 1973 - Grigorios Georgatos, Greek footballer
  • 1973 - Beverly Lynne, American erotic film actress
  • 1974 - Muzzy Izzet, Turkish footballer
  • 1975 - Fabio Celestini, Swiss footballer
  • 1976 - Guti, Spanish footballer
  • 1976 - Piper Perabo, American actress
  • 1977 - Sylviane Félix, French athlete
  • 1977 - Séverine Ferrer, French singer
  • 1978 - Emmanuel Izonritei, Nigerian boxer
  • 1978 - Zachary Knighton, American actor
  • 1978 - Martin Verkerk, Dutch tennis player
  • 1979 - Saaphyri Windsor, American reality tv figure
  • 1979 - Simão Sabrosa, Portuguese footballer
  • 1979 - Ricardo Fuller, Jamaican footballer
  • 1980 - Eddie Kaye Thomas, American actor,
  • 1980 - Samaire Armstrong, American actress
  • 1980 - Marcel Meeuwis, Dutch footballer
  • 1981 - Irina Denezhkina, Russian writer
  • 1981 - Frank Iero, American musician (My Chemical Romance
  • 1981 - Selina (Jiaxuan) Ren, Taiwanese singer (S.H.E)
  • 1981 - Jon Crocker, American songwriter
  • 1981 - Lollie Alexi Devereaux, French actress & writer
  • 1982 - Tomáš Plekanec, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1982 - Gabriela Irimia, Romanian/British singer (The Cheeky Girls)
  • 1982 - Monica Irimia, Romanian/British singer (The Cheeky Girls)
  • 1982 - Justin Chatwin, Canadian actor
  • 1983 - Katy French, Irish model (d. 2007)
  • 1986 - Christie Hayes, Australian actress
  • 1986 - Chris Alajajian, Australian racing driver
  • 1986 - Brent Corrigan, American pornographic actor
  • 1988 - Sébastien Buemi, Swiss racing driver
  • 1990 - Lil' JJ, American comedian
  • 1991 - Jordan-Claire Green, American actress
  • 2000 - Willow Smith, American actress
  • 2005 - Infanta Leonor of Spain, daughter of Felipe


Deaths
  • 1214 - Leonora of England, queen of Alfonso VIII of Castile (b. 1162)
  • 1732 - Victor Amadeus II of Savoy, (b. 1666)
  • 1744 - Leonardo Leo, Italian composer (b. 1694)
  • 1768 - Francesco Maria Veracini, Italian composer (b. 1690)
  • 1879 - Jacob Abbott, American author (b. 1803)
  • 1925 - Max Linder, French actor
  • 1926 - Harry Houdini, Hungarian-born magician (b. 1874)
  • 1972 - Bill Durnan, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1916)
  • 1975 - SD Burman, Indian musician (b. 1906)
  • 1983 - George Halas, American football player
  • 1984 - Eduardo de Filippo, Italian actor and screenwriter (b. 1900)
  • 1985 - Poul Reichhardt, Danish actor (b. 1913)
  • 1985 - Anton Christoforidis, Greek boxer (b. 1918)
  • 1987 - Joseph Campbell, American author and expert on mythology (b. 1904)
  • 1988 - John Houseman, Romanian-born actor and director (b. 1902)
  • 1991 - Joseph Papp, American theatrical producer (b. 1921)
  • 1991 - Gene Anderson, American professional wrestler (b. 1933)
  • 1993 - Federico Fellini, Italian director (b. 1920)
  • 1993 - River Phoenix, American actor (b. 1970)
  • 1995 - Rosalind Cash, American actress (b. 1938)
  • 1996 - Marcel Carné, French film director (b. 1906)
  • 1998 - Elmer Vasko, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1935)
  • 1999 - Greg Moore, Canadian race car driver (b. 1975)
  • 2000 - Watanabe Kazuki Japanese musician, (Raphael)
  • 2000 - Ring Lardner, Jr.
  • 2001 - Régine Cavagnoud, French skier (b. 1970)
  • 2002 - Raf Vallone, Italian actor (b. 1916)
  • 2003 - Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer, Indian singer (b. 1908)
  • 2005 - Mary Wimbush, English actress (b. 1924)
  • 2005 - John "Beatz" Holohan, American drummer (Bayside) (b. 1974)
  • 2007 - Ray Gravell, Welsh rugby union footballer (b. 1951)
  • 2008 - Studs Terkel, American broadcaster and author (b. 1912)
  • 2011 - Florian Albert, Hungarian footballer (b. 1941)

Events
  • 475 - Romulus Augustulus is proclaimed Western Roman Emperor.
  • 1517 - Protestant Reformation: Martin Luther posts his 95 theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg.
  • 1587 - Leiden University Library opens its doors after its founding in 1575.
  • 1863 - The Maori Wars resumes as British forces in New Zealand led by General Duncan Cameron begin their Invasion of the Waikato.
  • 1864 - Nevada is admitted as the 36th U.S. state.
  • 1876 - A monster cyclone ravages India, resulting in over 200,000 deaths.
  • 1913 - Dedication of the Lincoln Highway, the first automobile road across United States.
  • 1917 - World War I: Battle of Beersheba
  • 1918 - Banat Republic is founded
  • 1923 - The first of 160 consecutive days of 100 degrees at Marble Bar, Australia.
  • 1924 - World Savings Day is announced in Milan, Italy by the Members of the Association at the 1st International Savings Bank Congress (World Society of Savings Banks).
  • 1926 - Magician Harry Houdini dies of gangrene and peritonitis that developed after his appendix ruptured.
  • 1936 - The Boy Scouts of the Philippines is formed.
  • 1938 - Great Depression: In an effort to restore investor confidence, the New York Stock Exchange unveils a fifteen-point program aimed to upgrade protection for the investing public.
  • 1940 - World War II: The Battle of Britain ends
  • 1941 - After 14 years of work, drilling is completed on Mount Rushmore.
  • 1941 - World War II: The destroyer USS Reuben James is torpedoed by a German U-boat near Iceland, killing more than 100 United States Navy sailors. It is the first U.S. Navy vessel sunk by enemy action in WWII.
  • 1941 - A fire in a clothing factory in Huddersfield, England kills 49
  • 1943 - World War II: An F4U Corsair accomplishes the first successful radar-guided interception.
  • 1954 - Algerian War of Independence: The Algerian National Liberation Front begins a revolt against French rule.
  • 1956 - Suez Crisis: The United Kingdom and France begin bombing Egypt to force the reopening of the Suez Canal.
  • 1959 - Lee Harvey Oswald attempts to renounce his American citizenship at the US Embassy in Moscow, USSR.
  • 1961 - In the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin's body is removed from Lenin's Tomb.
  • 1963 - An explosion at the Indiana State Fair Coliseum (now Pepsi Coliseum) in Indianapolis kills 74 people during an ice skating show. The explosion also injures 400. A faulty propane tank connection in a concession stand was blamed.
  • 1968 - Vietnam War October surprise: Citing progress with the Paris peace talks, US President Lyndon B. Johnson announces to the nation that he has ordered a complete cessation of "all air, naval, and artillery bombardment of North Vietnam" effective November 1.
  • 1973 - Mountjoy Prison helicopter escape. Three Provisional Irish Republican Army members escape from Mountjoy Prison, Dublin, Republic of Ireland aboard a hijacked helicopter that lands in the exercise yard.
  • 1984 - Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is assassinated by two Sikh security guards. Riots soon break out in New Delhi and nearly 2,000 Sikhs are killed.
  • 1986 - The 5th congress of the Communist Party of Sweden is inaugurated. During the course of the congress the party name is changed to the Solidarity Party and the party ceases to be a communist party.
  • 1994 - An American Eagle ATR-72 crashes in Roselawn, Indiana, after circling in icy weather, killing 68 passengers and crew.
  • 1996 - A Fokker F100 operating as TAM Transportes Aéreos Regionais Flight 402 crashes into several houses in São Paulo, Brazil killing 98 including 2 on the ground.
  • 1997 - 19-year-old British au pair Louise Woodward, convicted by a Cambridge, Massachusetts, jury of second-degree murder the day before, is sentenced to life in prison.
  • 1998 - Iraq disarmament crisis begins: Iraq announces it would no longer cooperate with United Nations weapons inspectors.
  • 1999 - EgyptAir Flight 990 traveling from New York City to Cairo crashes off the coast of Nantucket, Massachusetts, killing all 217 on-board.
  • 1999 - Roman Catholic Church and Lutheran Church leaders sign the Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification, ending a centuries-old doctrinal dispute over the nature of faith and salvation.
  • 1999 - Yachtsman Jesse Martin returns to Melbourne after 11 months of circumnavigating the world, solo, non-stop and unassisted.
  • 2000 - A Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 operating as Flight 006 collides with construction equipment upon takeoff in Taipei, Taiwan killing 79 passengers and four crew members.
  • 2000 - A chartered Antonov An-26 explodes after takeoff in Northern Angola killing 50.
  • 2002 - A federal grand jury in Houston, Texas formally indicts former Enron Corp. chief financial officer Andrew Fastow on 78 counts of wire fraud, money laundering, conspiracy and obstruction of justice related to the collapse of his ex-employer.
  • 2003 - A bankruptcy court approves MCI's reorganization plans, essentially clearing the telecommunications company to exit bankruptcy.
  • 2003 - Mahathir bin Mohamad resigns as Prime Minister of Malaysia and is replaced by Deputy Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, marking an end to Mahathir's 22 years in power.
  • 2011 - Date selected by the UN as the symbolic date when global population reaches seven billion.
  • 2011 - UNESCO admitted Palestine as a member, following a vote in which 107 member states supported and 14 opposed.


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