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Home: On this Day: February 1

Famous birthdays, deaths and events of February 1


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Birthdays
  • 1462 - Johannes Trithemius, German cryptographer (d. 1516)
  • 1635 - Marquard Gude, German archaeologist (d. 1689)
  • 1663 - Mother Ignacia del Espiritu Santo, foundress (d. 1748)
  • 1690 - Francesco Maria Veracini, Italian composer (d. 1768)
  • 1761 - Christian Hendrik Persoon, South African mycologist (d. 1836)
  • 1796 - Abraham Emanuel Fröhlich, Swiss poet (d. 1865)
  • 1801 - Émile Littré, French lexicographer (d. 1881)
  • 1859 - Victor Herbert, Irish composer (d. 1924)
  • 1873 - Joseph Allard, Canadian fiddler (d. 1947)
  • 1874 - Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Austrian writer (d. 1929)
  • 1884 - Bradbury Robinson, who threw the first forward pass in American football history in 1906 (d. 1949)
  • 1884 - Yevgeny Zamyatin, Russian writer (d. 1937)
  • 1887 - Charles Nordhoff, English-born author (d. 1947)
  • 1894 - John Ford, American director and producer (d. 1973)
  • 1894 - James P. Johnson, American composer (d. 1955)
  • 1895 - Conn Smythe, Canadian builder of the National Hockey League (d. 1980)
  • 1901 - Clark Gable, American actor (d. 1960)
  • 1902 - Langston Hughes American writer, (d. 1967)
  • 1902 - Therese Brandl, Nazi concentration camp guard (d. 1947
  • 1904 - S. J. Perelman, American humorist (d. 1979)
  • 1906 - Hildegarde, American actress and singer (d. 2005)
  • 1907 - Günter Eich, German lyricist (d. 1972)
  • 1907 - Camargo Guarnieri, Brazilian composer (d. 1993)
  • 1908 - George Pál, Hungarian-born director and producer (d. 1980)
  • 1909 - George Beverly Shea, Canadian singer
  • 1915 - Stanley Matthews, English football player (d. 2000)
  • 1918 - Muriel Spark, Scottish author (d. 2006)
  • 1922 - Renata Tebaldi, Italian soprano (d. 2004)
  • 1924 - H. Richard Hornberger, American writer (d. 1997)
  • 1926 - Stuart Whitman, American actor
  • 1934 - Bob Shane, American folk singer (The Kingston Trio)
  • 1936 - Azie Taylor Morton, 35th Treasurer of the United States (d. 2003)
  • 1937 - Don Everly, American musician (Everly Brothers)
  • 1937 - Garrett Morris, American comedian
  • 1937 - Ray Sawyer, American singer (Dr. Hook & the Medicine Show)
  • 1938 - Sherman Hemsley, American comedian and actor
  • 1939 - Claude François, French singer (d. 1978)
  • 1939 - Joe Sample, American jazz pianist
  • 1940 - Bibi Besch, Austrian-American actress (d. 1996)
  • 1940 - Hervé Filion, Quebec harness racer
  • 1941 - Karl Dall, German television host
  • 1941 - Jerry Spinelli, children's author
  • 1942 - Terry Jones, Welsh actor and writer
  • 1946 - Chris Clark, Motown Soul singer
  • 1947 - Mike Brant, Israeli pop singer (d. 1975)
  • 1947 - Normie Rowe, Australian singer
  • 1948 - Rick James, American musician and composer (d. 2004)
  • 1948 - Elisabeth Sladen, British actress
  • 1950 - Mike Campbell, American guitarist and producer
  • 1951 - Sonny Landreth, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1952 - Jenő Jandó, Hungarian pianist
  • 1953 - Brendan Batson, English former footballer
  • 1954 - Chuck Dukowski, American musician (Black Flag)
  • 1954 - Bill Mumy, American actor and musician
  • 1955 - Ernie Camacho, baseball player
  • 1956 - Brahmanandam, Indian film actor
  • 1956 - Exene Cervenka, American musician
  • 1958 - Jackie Shroff, Indian actor
  • 1958 - Luther Blissett, English footballer
  • 1961 - Volker Fried, German field hockey player
  • 1962 - José Luis Cuciuffo, Argentinian footballer (d. 2004)
  • 1962 - Tomoyasu Hotei, Japanese guitarist
  • 1964 - Mario Pelchat, Quebec singer
  • 1964 - Linus Roache, English actor
  • 1965 - Sherilyn Fenn, American actress
  • 1965 - Brandon Lee, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1966 - Michelle Akers, American soccer player
  • 1966 - Rob Lee, English footballer
  • 1967 - Meg Cabot, American author
  • 1968 - Lisa Marie Presley, American singer and actress
  • 1968 - Pauly Shore, American comedian
  • 1968 - Mark Recchi, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1968 - Kent Mercker, American baseball player
  • 1969 - Gabriel Batistuta, Argentine footballer
  • 1969 - Joshua Redman, American musician
  • 1969 - Brian Krause, American actor
  • 1969 - Patrick Wilson, American musician (Drummer for Weezer)
  • 1970 - Malik Sealy, American basketball player (d. 2000)
  • 1970 - Yasuyuki Kazama, Japanese racing driver
  • 1971 - Michael C. Hall, American actor
  • 1971 - Jill Kelly, American porn actress
  • 1971 - Ron Welty, American musician
  • 1971 - Zlatko Zahovič, Slovenian footballer
  • 1971 - Ajay Jadeja, Former Indian cricketer
  • 1972 - Yoshi DeHerrera, American TV personality
  • 1972 - Kami (musician), drummer of Japanese visual kei band Malice Mizer (d.1999)
  • 1973 - Yuri Landman, Experimental musical instrument builder
  • 1973 - Makiko Ohmoto, Japanese voice actress
  • 1974 - Roberto Heras, Spanish cyclist
  • 1974 - David Meca, Spanish long distance swimmer
  • 1975 - Big Boi, American musician (Outkast)
  • 1976 - Phil Ivey, American poker player
  • 1977 - Kevin Kilbane, Irish footballer
  • 1979 - Julie Augustyniak, American soccer player
  • 1979 - Juan Silveira dos Santos, Brazilian footballer
  • 1979 - Valentin Elizalde, Mexican Singer (d.2006)
  • 1980 - Héctor Luna, Dominican Republic baseball player
  • 1980 - Moisés Muñoz, Mexican footballer
  • 1980 - Otilino Tenorio, Ecuadorian footballer (d. 2005)
  • 1981 - Luis Lamá, Angolan footballer
  • 1981 - Graeme Smith, South African cricketer
  • 1981 - Rob Austin, British racing driver
  • 1982 - Shoaib Malik, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1983 - Kevin Martin, American basketball player
  • 1983 - Jurgen Van Den Broeck, Belgian cyclist
  • 1984 - Darren Fletcher, Scottish footballer
  • 1984 - Lee Thompson Young, American actor
  • 1985 - Dean Shiels, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1985 - Rachael Scdoris, American dog musher
  • 1985 - Jodi Gordon, Australian actress and model
  • 1986 - Lauren Conrad, American TV star
  • 1987 - Giuseppe Rossi, Italian footballer
  • 1989 - Hurricane Chris, American rapper
  • 1990 - Laura Marling, British singer-songwriter


Deaths
  • 1542 - Girolamo Aleandro, Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1480)
  • 1590 - Lawrence Humphrey,English clergyman and educator,
  • 1743 - Giuseppe Ottavio Pitoni, Italian composer (b. 1657)
  • 1768 - Sir Robert Rich, 4th Baronet
  • 1851 - Mary Shelley, English author (b. 1797)
  • 1940 - Philip Francis Nowlan, science fiction writer
  • 1959 - Madame Sul-Te-Wan, American actress (b. 1873)
  • 1963 - Fleetwood Lindley, the last living person to see Abraham Lincoln's face (b. 1888)
  • 1966 - Hedda Hopper, American gossip columnist (b. 1885)
  • 1966 - Buster Keaton, American actor (b. 1895)
  • 1980 - Gastone Nencini, Italian cyclist (b. 1930)
  • 1981 - Donald Wills Douglas, Sr.
  • 1981 - Geirr Tveitt, Norwegian composer (b. 1908)
  • 1986 - Gino Hernandez, American wrestler (b. 1957)
  • 1987 - Alessandro Blasetti, Italian film director (b. 1900)
  • 1988 - Heather O'Rourke, American actress (b. 1975)
  • 1991 - Carol Dempster, American actress (b. 1901)
  • 1997 - Herb Caen, American newspaper columnist (b. 1916)
  • 1999 - Barış Manço, Turkish singer
  • 2001 - André D'Allemagne, Quebec teacher
  • 2002 - Hildegard Knef, German actress
  • 2003 - Michael P. Anderson,
  • 2003 - David Brown,
  • 2003 - Kalpana Chawla,
  • 2003 - Laurel Clark,
  • 2003 - Rick D. Husband,
  • 2003 - Willie McCool,
  • 2003 - Ilan Ramon,
  • 2004 - May O'Donnell, American modern dancer and choreographer (b. 1909)
  • 2005 - John Vernon, Canadian actor (b. 1932)
  • 2006 - Dick Bass, American football player (b. 1937)
  • 2007 - Gian Carlo Menotti, Italian-born composer (b. 1911)
  • 2007 - Seri Wangnaitham, Thai dance choreographer (b. 1937)
  • 2007 - Whitney Balliett, American jazz critic (b. 1926)
  • 2007 - Ray Berres, American baseball player (b. 1907)
  • 2009 - Jim McWithey, 81, American race car driver.
  • 2009 - Yoya Martínez, 96, Chilean actress, natural causes.
  • 2009 - Tim Grundy, 50, British radio and television presenter, heart attack.
  • 2009 - Joe Ades, 74, American pitchman for carrot peelers.
  • 2009 - Nancy Adams, 84, American co-owner of the Tennessee Titans, after brief illness.

Events
  • 1327 - Teenaged Edward III is crowned King of England, but the country is ruled by his mother Queen Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer.
  • 1411 - The First Peace of Thorn is signed in Thorn, Monastic State of the Teutonic Knights (Prussia).
  • 1662 - The Chinese general Koxinga seizes the island of Taiwan after a nine-month siege.
  • 1713 - The Kalabalik or Tumult in Bendery results from the Ottoman sultan's order that his unwelcome guest, King Charles XII of Sweden, be seized.
  • 1790 - In New York City the Supreme Court of the United States attempts to convene for the first time.
  • 1793 - French Revolutionary Wars: France declares war on the United Kingdom and the Netherlands.
  • 1796 - The capital of Upper Canada is moved from Newark to York.
  • 1814 - Mayon Volcano, in the Philippines, erupts, killing around 1,200 people; most devastating eruption of Mayon Volcano.
  • 1856 - Auburn University is chartered as the East Alabama Male College.
  • 1861 - American Civil War: Texas secedes from the United States.
  • 1862 - Julia Ward Howe's "Battle Hymn of the Republic" is published for the first time in the Atlantic Monthly.
  • 1880 - The first edition of theatrical newspaper The Stage is published.
  • 1884 - Edition one of the Oxford English Dictionary is published.
  • 1893 - Thomas A. Edison finishes construction of the first motion picture studio, the Black Maria in West Orange, New Jersey.
  • 1896 - The opera La bohème premieres in Turin.
  • 1897 - Shinhan Bank, the oldest bank in South Korea, opens in Seoul.
  • 1913 - New York City's Grand Central Terminal opens as the world's largest train station.
  • 1918 - Russia adopts the Gregorian Calendar.
  • 1920 - The Royal Canadian Mounted Police begins operations.
  • 1924 - The United Kingdom recognizes USSR.
  • 1942 - World War II: Vidkun Quisling is appointed Premier of Norway by the Nazi occupiers.
  • 1946 - Trygve Lie of Norway is picked to be the first United Nations Secretary General.
  • 1957 - Felix Wankel's first working prototype DKM 54 of the Wankel engine was running at the NSU research and development department Versuchsabteilung TX in Germany
  • 1958 - Merger of Egypt and Syria to form the United Arab Republic, which lasted until 1961.
  • 1960 - Four black students stage the first of the Greensboro sit-ins at a lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina.
  • 1965 - The Hamilton River in Labrador, Canada is renamed the Churchill River in honour of Winston Churchill.
  • 1968 - Vietnam War: The execution of Viet Cong officer Nguyen Van Lem by South Vietnamese National Police Chief Nguyen Ngoc Loan is videotaped and photographed by Eddie Adams. This image helped build opposition to the Vietnam War.
  • 1968 - Canada's three military services of Canada, the Royal Canadian Navy, the Canadian Army and the Royal Canadian Air Force, are unified into the Canadian Forces.
  • 1968 - The New York Central Railroad and the Pennsylvania Railroad are merged to form ill-fated Penn Central Transportation.
  • 1972 - Kuala Lumpur becomes a city by a royal charter granted by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia.
  • 1974 - A fire in the 25-story Joelma Building in Sao Paulo, Brazil kills 189 and injures 293.
  • 1974 - Kuala Lumpur is declared a Federal Territory.
  • 1978 - Director Roman Polanski skips bail and flees the United States to France after pleading guilty to charges of engaging in sex with a 13-year-old girl.
  • 1979 - Convicted bank robber Patty Hearst is released from prison after her sentence was commuted by President Jimmy Carter.
  • 1979 - The Ayatollah Khomeini is welcomed back into Tehran, Iran after nearly 15 years of exile.
  • 1982 - Senegal and the Gambia form a loose confederation known as Senegambia.
  • 1989 - The Western Australian towns of Kalgoorlie and Boulder amalgamate to form the City of Kalgoorlie-Boulder.
  • 1992 - The Chief Judicial Magistrate of Bhopal court declares Warren Anderson, ex-CEO of Union Carbide, a fugitive under Indian law for failing to appear in the Bhopal Disaster case.
  • 1996 - The Communications Decency Act is passed by the U.S. Congress.
  • 1998 - Rear Admiral Lillian E. Fishburne became the first female African American to be promoted to rear admiral.
  • 2003 - Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrates during reentry into the Earth's atmosphere, killing all seven astronauts aboard.
  • 2004 - 251 people are trampled to death and 244 injured in a stampede at the Hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia.
  • 2004 - Janet Jackson's breast is exposed during the half-time show of Super Bowl XXXVIII, resulting in US broadcasters adopting a stronger adherence to FCC censorship guidelines.
  • 2005 - Nepal King Gyanendra exercises Coup d'état to capture the democracy becoming Chairman of the Councils of ministers.
  • 2005 - Canada introduces the Civil Marriage Act, making Canada the fourth country to sanction same-sex marriage.
  • 2009 - Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir is appointed as the new Prime Minister of Iceland. She becomes the world's first openly lesbian head of government.


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