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Home: On this Day: October 23

Famous birthdays, deaths and events of October 23


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Birthdays
  • 1503 - Isabella of Portugal, queen of Spain and empress of Germany (d. 1539)
  • 1634 - Hedvig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp, Queen of Sweden (d. 1715)
  • 1715 - Peter II of Russia, (d. 1730)
  • 1766 - Emmanuel, marquis de Grouchy
  • 1796 - Stefano Franscini, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1857)
  • 1801 - Albert Lortzing, German composer (d. 1851)
  • 1805 - John Russell Bartlett, American linguist (d. 1886)
  • 1817 - Pierre Athanase Larousse, French lexicographer (d. 1875)
  • 1844 - Robert Bridges, English poet (d. 1930)
  • 1865 - Neltje Blanchan, American writer (d. 1918)
  • 1880 - Una O'Connor, Irish actress (d. 1959)
  • 1893 - Gummo Marx, American actor (d. 1977)
  • 1894 - Rube Bressler, baseball player (d. 1966)
  • 1900 - Douglas Jardine, English cricketer (d. 1958)
  • 1904 - Harvey Penick, American golfer (d. 1995)
  • 1905 - Gertrude Ederle, American swimmer (d. 2003)
  • 1909 - Zellig Harris, American linguist (d. 1992)
  • 1918 - James Daly, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1919 - Manolis Andronikos, Greek archeologist
  • 1922 - Coleen Gray, American actress
  • 1923 - Ned Rorem, American composer
  • 1923 - Frank Sutton, American actor (d. 1974)
  • 1925 - Johnny Carson, American television host (d. 2005)
  • 1925 - Manos Hadjidakis, Greek composer (d. 1994)
  • 1928 - Harold P. Warren, American movie director (d. 1985)
  • 1928 - Bella Darvi, Polish-born French actress (d. 1971)
  • 1931 - Diana Dors, British actress (d. 1984)
  • 1935 - Juan "Chi-Chi" Rodríguez, Puerto Rican golfer
  • 1936 - Philip Kaufman, American film director
  • 1940 - Ellie Greenwich, American singer
  • 1940 - Pelé, Brazilian footballer
  • 1941 - Mel Winkler, American actor
  • 1942 - Michael Crichton, American writer (d. 2008)
  • 1944 - Mike Harding, English singer and comedian
  • 1945 - Kim Larsen, Danish singer
  • 1948 - Tony Anselmo, American animator and cartoon voice actor
  • 1949 - Michael 'Wurzel' Burston, British musician (Motörhead)
  • 1949 - Nick Tosches, American writer
  • 1951 - Charly García, Argentine singer
  • 1952 - Pierre Moerlen, French drummer and percussionist (d. 2005)
  • 1954 - Ang Lee, Taiwanese-born director
  • 1956 - Dwight Yoakam, American singer
  • 1959 - Nancy Grace, American former prosecutor
  • 1959 - Sam Raimi, American film director
  • 1959 - "Weird Al" Yankovic, American musical parodist
  • 1960 - Wayne Rainey, American motorcyclist
  • 1961 - Laurie Halse Anderson, American writer
  • 1961 - Don and Ron Harris, American professional wrestlers
  • 1961 - Andoni Zubizarreta, Spanish footballer
  • 1962 - Doug Flutie, American football player
  • 1964 - Robert Trujillo, American bassist (Metallica)
  • 1965 - Augusten Burroughs, American writer
  • 1965 - Al Leiter, American baseball player
  • 1966 - Alex Zanardi, Italian race car driver
  • 1967 - Dale Crover, American musician (Melvins
  • 1969 - Trudi Canavan, Australian writer
  • 1970 - Grant Imahara, American TV Mythbuster
  • 1971 - Christopher Horner, American cyclist
  • 1974 - Sander Westerveld, Dutch footballer
  • 1974 - Eric Bass, American Bassist and Pianist (Shinedown)
  • 1974 - Jasmin St. Claire, Former pornographic actress
  • 1975 - Odalys García, Cuban actress
  • 1975 - Keith Van Horn, American basketball player
  • 1976 - Cat Deeley, English model and television personality
  • 1976 - Ryan Reynolds, Canadian actor and comedian
  • 1978 - Steve Harmison, English cricketer
  • 1978 - Jimmy Bullard, English footballer
  • 1978 - Archie Thompson, Australian footballer
  • 1979 - Simon Davies, Welsh footballer
  • 1979 - Jorge Solís, Mexican professional boxer
  • 1980 - Pedro Liriano, Dominican baseball player
  • 1981 - Jeroen Bleekemolen, Dutch racing driver
  • 1981 - Ben Francisco, American baseball player
  • 1982 - Valentin Badea, Romanian footballer
  • 1983 - Filipos Darlas, Greek footballer
  • 1984 - Izabel Goulart, Brazilian model
  • 1985 - Masiela Lusha, Albanian-American writer and actress
  • 1986 - Briana Evigan, American actress
  • 1986 - Jake Robinson, English footballer
  • 1986 - Jessica Stroup, American Actress
  • 1987 - Faye Hamlin, Swedish singer (Play)
  • 1988 - Nicolaj Agger, Danish football player
  • 1990 - Stevie Brock, American singer


Deaths
  • 1688 - Charles du Fresne, sieur du Cange
  • 1730 - Anne Oldfield, English actress (b. 1683)
  • 1764 - Emmanuel-Auguste de Cahideuc, Comte Dubois de la Motte
  • 1872 - Théophile Gautier, French writer (b. 1811)
  • 1915 - W. G. Grace, English cricketer (b. 1848)
  • 1939 - Zane Grey, American author (b. 1872)
  • 1942 - Ralph Rainger, American composer (b. 1901)
  • 1950 - Al Jolson, American singer and actor (b. 1886)
  • 1953 - Adrien-Maurice-Victurnien-Mathieu, 8th duc de Noailles (b. 1869)
  • 1959 - Gerda Lundequist, Swedish actress (b. 1871)
  • 1978 - Maybelle Carter, American guitarist and musical innovator (b. 1909)
  • 1984 - James Petrillo, leader of the U.S. musicians union (b. 1892)
  • 1984 - Oskar Werner, Austrian actor (b. 1922)
  • 1989 - Armida, Mexican actress (b. 1911)
  • 1994 - Robert Lansing, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 1996 - Bob Grim, American baseball player (b. 1930)
  • 1997 - Bert Haanstra, Dutch filmmaker (b. 1916)
  • 2000 - Rodney Anoa'i aka Yokozuna, Samoan-American professional wrestler (b. 1966)
  • 2002 - Adolph Green, American lyricist and playwright (b. 1915)
  • 2003 - Tony Capstick, English actor
  • 2004 - Robert Merrill, American baritone (b. 1919)
  • 2005 - William Hootkins, American actor (b. 1948)
  • 2011 - Marco Simoncelli, Italian motorcycle road racer (b. 1987)

Events
  • 425 - Valentinian III is elevated as Roman Emperor, at the age of 6.
  • 502 - The Synodus Palmaris, called by Gothic king Theodoric the Great, discharges Pope Symmachus of all charges, thus ending the schism of Antipope Laurentius.
  • 1086 - At the Battle of az-Zallaqah, the army of Yusuf ibn Tashfin defeats the forces of Castilian King Alfonso VI.
  • 1157 - The Battle of Grathe Heath ends the civil war in Denmark. King Sweyn III is killed and Valdemar I restores the country.
  • 1641 - Outbreak of the Irish Rebellion of 1641
  • 1642 - Battle of Edgehill: First major battle of the First English Civil War.
  • 1694 - American colonial forces, led by Sir William Phipps, fail to seize Quebec.
  • 1707 - The first Parliament of Great Britain, i.e., the United Kingdom, meets.
  • 1739 - War of Jenkins' Ear starts: British Prime Minister, Robert Walpole, reluctantly declares war on Spain.
  • 1813 - The Pacific Fur Company trading post in Astoria, Oregon is turned over to the rival British North West Company (the fur trade in the Pacific Northwest was dominated for the next three decades by the United Kingdom).
  • 1855 - Kansas Free State forces set up a competing government under their Topeka, Kansas, constitution, which outlaws slavery in the United States territory.
  • 1861 - U.S. President Abraham Lincoln suspends the writ of habeas corpus in Washington, D.C., for all military-related cases.
  • 1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Westport
  • 1867 - 72 Senators are summoned by Royal Proclamation to serve as the first members of the Canadian Senate.
  • 1870 - Franco-Prussian War: the Siege of Metz concludes with a decisive Prussian victory.
  • 1906 - Alberto Santos-Dumont flies an airplane in the first heavier-than-air flight in Europe at Champs de Bagatelle, Paris, France.
  • 1911 - First use of aircraft in war: An Italian pilot takes off from Libya to observe Turkish army lines during the Turco-Italian War.
  • 1912 - First Balkan War: The Battle of Kumanovo between the Serbian and Ottoman armies begins.
  • 1915 - Woman's suffrage: In New York City, 25,000-33,000 women march on Fifth Avenue to advocate their right to vote.
  • 1917 - Lenin calls for the October Revolution.
  • 1929 - Great Depression: After a steady decline in stock market prices since a peak in September, the New York Stock Exchange begins to show signs of panic.
  • 1929 - The first North American transcontinental air service begins between New York City and Los Angeles, California.
  • 1930 - The first miniature golf tournament was completed in Chattanooga, Tennessee.
  • 1935 - Dutch Schultz, Abe Landau, Otto Berman, and Bernard "Lulu" Rosencrantz are fatally shot at a saloon in Newark, New Jersey in what will become known as The Chophouse Massacre.
  • 1941 - World War II: Field Marshal Georgy Zhukov takes command of Red Army operations to prevent the further advance into Russia of German forces and to prevent the Wehrmacht from capturing Moscow.
  • 1941 - Odessa Massacre: 19,000 Jews are shot or burned alive at Dalnik in Odessa, by Romanian and German troops. The next day, another 10,000 Jews are killed. Romanian Lieutenant-Colonel Nicolae Deleanu administered the executions.
  • 1942 - World War II: The Second Battle of El Alamein starts
  • 1942 - All 12 passengers and crewmen aboard an American Airlines DC-3 airliner are killed when it is struck by a U.S. Army Air Forces bomber near Palm Springs, California. Amongst the victims is award-winning composer and songwriter Ralph Rainger ("Thanks for the Memory", "Love in Bloom", "Blue Hawaii").
  • 1942 - The Battle for Henderson Field begins during the Guadalcanal Campaign and ends on October 26.
  • 1944 - World War II: The Battle of Leyte Gulf begins
  • 1946 - The United Nations General Assembly convened for the first time, at an auditorium in Flushing, Queens, New York City.
  • 1956 - Thousands of Hungarians protest against the government and Soviet occupation. (The Hungarian Revolution is crushed on November 4).
  • 1958 - The Springhill Mine Bump
  • 1958 - The Smurfs, a fictional race of blue dwarves later popularized in a Hanna-Barbera animated cartoon series appear for the first time, in the story Le flute à six schtroumpfs, a Johan and Peewit adventure by Peyo which is serialized in the weekly comics magazine Spirou
  • 1965 - Vietnam War: The 1st Cavalry Division (United States) (Airmobile), in conjunction with South Vietnamese forces, launch a new operation, seeking to destroy North Vietnamese forces in Pleiku in the II Corps Tactical Zone (the Central Highlands).
  • 1973 - The Watergate Scandal: US President Richard M. Nixon agrees to turn over subpoenaed audio tapes of his Oval Office conversations about the scandal.
  • 1973 - A United Nations sanctioned cease-fire officially ends the Yom Kippur War between Israel and Syria.
  • 1983 - Lebanon Civil War: The U.S. Marines barracks in Beirut is hit by a truck bomb, killing 241 U.S. Marines. A French army barracks in Lebanon is also hit that same morning, killing 58 troops.
  • 1989 - The Hungarian Republic is officially declared by president Mátyás Szűrös, replacing the communist Hungarian People's Republic.
  • 1989 - Phillips Disaster in Pasadena, Texas killed 23 and injured 314.
  • 1998 - Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian Chairman Yasser Arafat reach a "land for peace" agreement.
  • 2001 - The Provisional Irish Republican Army of Northern Ireland commences disarmament after peace talks.
  • 2001 - Apple releases the iPod.
  • 2002 - Moscow Theatre Siege begins: Chechen terrorists seize the House of Culture theater in Moscow and take approximately 700 theater-goers hostage.
  • 2004 - A powerful earthquake and its aftershocks hit Niigata prefecture, northern Japan, killing 35 people, injuring 2,200, and leaving 85,000 homeless or evacuated.
  • 2010 - In preparation for the Seoul summit, finance ministers of the G-20 agree to reform the International Monetary Fund and shift 6% of the voting shares to developing nations and countries with emerging markets.
  • 2011 - A magnitude 7.2 Mw earthquake jolted eastern Turkey near the city of Van, killing 604 people, and damaging about 2,200 buildings.


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