Famous birthdays, deaths and events of 1572
- April 4 - William Strachey, English writer (d. 1621)
- February 23 - Pierre Certon, French composer
- March 27 - Girolamo Maggi, Italian Renaissance man (b. abt. 1523)
- June 9 - Jeanne d'Albret, Queen of Navarre (b. 1528)
- August 5 - Isaac Luria, Palestinian-born Kabbalist (b. 1534)
- August 20 - Miguel López de Legazpi, Spanish conquistador (b. 1502)
- August 24 - Victims of the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre:,
- August 24 - Pierre de la Ramée, French humanist (b. 1515)
- August 27 - Claude Goudimel, French composer
- September 30 - St. Francis Borgia, Jesuit priest (b. 1510)
- November 24 - John Knox, Scottish reformer (b. 1510)
- January 16 - Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England.
- April 1 - In the Eighty Years' War, the Watergeuzen capture Brielle from the Spaniards, gaining the first foothold on land for what would become the Dutch Republic.
- August 18 - Marriage in Paris of the future Huguenot King Henry IV of Navarre to Marguerite de Valois, in a supposed attempt to reconcile Protestants and Catholics.