Famous birthdays, deaths and events of 1774
May 7 - William Bainbridge, American Commodore (d. 1833) June 21 - Daniel D. Tompkins, Congressman June 24 - François Nicolas Benoît, Baron Haxo September 26 - Johnny Appleseed, American environmentalist (d. 1847) November 18 - Wilhelmine of Prussia, queen of the Netherlands (d. 1837) November 24 - Thomas Dick, Scottish scientific teacher and writer (d. 1857)
April 4 - Oliver Goldsmith, English writer (b. 1728) July 1 - Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland July 11 - Sir William Johnson, 1st Baronet July 14 - James O'Hara, 2nd Baron Tyrawley and Kilmaine August 11 - Tiphaigne de la Roche, French writer (b. 1722) August 25 - Niccolò Jommelli, Italian composer (b. 1714) October 16 - Robert Fergusson, Scottish poet (b. 1750) December 2 - Johann Friedrich Agricola, German composer and organist (b. 1720)
March 4 - First sighting of Orion Nebula by William Herschel. March 31 - American Revolutionary War: The Kingdom of Great Britain orders the port of Boston, Massachusetts closed in the Boston Port Act. April 30 - Yellow Creek massacre, British settlers (soon to be American settlers) massacre family members of Chief Logan and spark off the conflict known as Lord Dunmore's War May 10 - Louis XVI becomes King of France. May 28 - American Revolutionary War: the first Continental Congress convenes. June 2 - Intolerable Acts: The Quartering Act is enacted, allowing a governor in colonial America to house British soldiers in uninhabited houses, outhouses, barns, or other buildings if suitable quarters were not provided. June 13 - Rhode Island becomes the first of Britain's North American colonies to ban the importation of slaves. June 16 - Formation of Harrodsburg, Kentucky. July 4 - Orangetown Resolutions adopted in the Province of New York, one of many protests against the British Parliament's Coercive Acts July 21 - Russo-Turkish War, 1768-1774: Russia and the Ottoman Empire sign the Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji ending the war. August 1 - The element oxygen is discovered for the third (and last) time. September 5 - First Continental Congress assembles in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. October 21 - First display of the word "Liberty" on a flag, raised by colonists in Taunton, Massachusetts and which was in defiance of British rule in Colonial America. October 26 - The first Continental Congress adjourns in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.