Famous birthdays, deaths and events of 1817
March 5 - Austen Henry Layard, English archaeologist (d. 1894) March 27 - Karl Wilhelm von Nägeli, Swiss biologist (d. 1891) May 11 - Fanny Cerrito, Italian ballet dancer (d. 1909) May 14 - Alexander Kaufmann, German poet (d. 1893) May 15 - Debendranath Tagore, Indian religious reformer (d. 1905) June 30 - Joseph Dalton Hooker, British botanist (d. 1911) July 6 - Albert von Kölliker, Swiss anatomist (d. 1905) August 24 - Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, Russian writer (d. 1875) September 7 - Louise of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel), queen of Denmark (d. 1898) October 17 - Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Indian intellectual (d. 1898) October 23 - Pierre Athanase Larousse, French lexicographer (d. 1875) November 30 - Theodor Mommsen, German author
January 12 - Juan Andres, Spanish Jesuit (b. 1740) April 2 - Johann Heinrich Jung, German author (b. 1740) July 14 - Anne Louise Germaine de Staël, Swiss author (b. 1766) July 18 - Jane Austen, English novelist (b. 1775) October 15 - Tadeusz Kościuszko, Polish and Lithuanian national hero (b. 1746) October 18 - Etienne-Nicolas Méhul, French composer (b. 1763)
January 19 - An army of 5,423 soldiers, led by General José de San Martín, crosses the Andes from Argentina to liberate Chile and then Peru. February 6 - The Argentinian San Martín crosses the Andes with an army in order to liberate Chile from Spanish rule. February 8 - Las Heras crosses the Andes with an army to join San Martín and liberate Chile from Spain. February 12 - Argentine/Chilean patriotic army, after crossing the Andes, defeat Spanish troops on the battle of Chacabuco. March 3 - The Alabama Territory is created by splitting the Mississippi Territory. March 8 - The New York Stock Exchange is founded. May 15 - Opening of the first private mental health hospital in the United States, the Asylum for the Relief of Persons Deprived of the Use of Their Reason (now Friends Hospital) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. June 5 - The first Great Lakes steamer, the Frontenac, is launched. July 4 - At Rome, New York, United States, construction on the Erie Canal begins. November 3 - The Bank of Montreal, Canada's oldest chartered bank, opens in Montreal, Quebec. December 10 - Mississippi becomes the 20th U.S. state.