Famous birthdays, deaths and events of 1901
January 11 - Kwon Ki-ok, Korean pilot (d. 1988) January 13 - A. B. Guthrie, American novelist January 14 - Bebe Daniels, American actress (d. 1971) January 21 - Ricardo Zamora, Spanish footballer (d. 1978) January 24 - Harry Calder, South African cricketer (d. 1995) January 25 - Martin De Alzaga, Argentine racing driver (d. 1982) January 27 - Art Rooney, American football team owner (d. 1988) January 27 - Willy Fritsch, German actor (d. 1973) January 30 - Rudolf Caracciola, German race car driver (d. 1959) February 1 - Clark Gable, American actor (d. 1960) February 2 - Jascha Heifetz, Lithuanian violinist (d. 1987) February 4 - Jascha Heifetz, Lithuanian violinist (d. 1987) February 6 - Ben Lyon, American actor (d. 1979) February 9 - Brian Donlevy, Irish actor (d. 1972) February 9 - James Murray, American actor (d. 1936) February 10 - Stella Adler, American actress (d. 1992) February 16 - Vincent Coleman, American actor (d. 1971) February 16 - Chester Morris, American film actor (d. 1970) February 18 - Reginald Sheffield, British actor (d. 1957) February 20 - Cecil Harmsworth King, English newspaper owner (d. 1987) February 25 - Zeppo Marx, American actor (d. 1979) March 4 - Charles Goren, American bridge player and writer (d. 1991) March 4 - Jean Joseph Rabearivelo, Malagasy/French poet (d. 1937) March 16 - Edward Pawley, American actor (d. 1988) March 17 - Alfred Newman, American film composer (d. 1970) March 25 - Ed Begley, American actor (d. 1970) March 27 - Carl Barks, American illustrator (d. 2000) March 27 - Kenneth Slessor, Australian poet (d. 1971) March 29 - Andrija Maurovic, Croatian illustrator (d. 1981) April 1 - Whittaker Chambers, American writer April 5 - Melvyn Douglas, American actor (d. 1981) April 6 - Pier Giorgio Frassati, Italian Catholic (d. 1925) April 9 - Paul Willis, American actor (d. 1960) April 13 - Jacques Lacan, French psychoanalyst and semanticist (d. 1981) April 15 - Joe Davis, English snooker player (d. 1978) April 18 - Al Lewis, American lyricist (d. 1967) May 1 - Heinz Eric Roemheld, American film composer (d. 1985) May 3 - Gino Cervi, Italian actor (d. 1974) May 5 - Blind Willie McTell, American singer (d. 1959) May 7 - Gary Cooper, American actor (d. 1961) May 8 - Turkey Stearnes, baseball player (d. 1979) May 14 - Robert Ritter, German psychologist (d. 1951) May 15 - Xavier Herbert, Australian author (d. 1984) May 15 - Luis Monti, Argentine-Italian footballer (d. 1983) May 17 - Werner Egk, German composer (d. 1983) May 20 - Max Euwe, Dutch chess player (d. 1981) May 21 - Sam Jaffe, American film producer (d. 2000) May 21 - Suzanne Lilar, Belgian essayist May 24 - José Nasazzi, Uruguayan footballer (d. 1968) May 30 - Cornelia Otis Skinner, American writer and actress (d. 1979) June 1 - John Van Druten, English screen writer (d. 1957) June 3 - Maurice Evans, English actor (d. 1989) June 10 - Frederick Loewe, Austrian-born composer (d. 1988) June 18 - Grand Duchess Anastasia Nicolaievna Romanova of Russia, (d. 1918) June 24 - Harry Partch, American composer (d. 1974) June 29 - Nelson Eddy, American singer and actor (d. 1967) July 5 - Sergey Obraztsov, Soviet puppet master (d. 1992) July 7 - Vittorio De Sica, Italian director (d. 1974) July 7 - Sam Katzman, American film producer (d. 1973) July 7 - Eiji Tsuburaya, Japanese film producer (d. 1970) July 9 - Dame Barbara Cartland, English novelist (d. 2000) July 13 - Eric Portman, English stage and film actor (d. 1969) July 14 - Gerald Finzi, British composer (d. 1956) July 17 - Luigi Chinetti, Italian-American race car driver and team owner (NART; d. 1994) July 17 - Bruno Jasieński, Polish poet (d. 1938) July 20 - Heinie Manush, American baseball player (d. 1971) July 23 - Hank Worden, American actor and rodeo cowboy (d. 1992) July 25 - Lila Lee, American actress (d. 1973) July 28 - Freddie Fitzsimmons, American baseball player (d. 1979) August 1 - Pancho Villa, Filipino world boxing champion (d. 1925) August 3 - Stefan Cardinal Wyszyński, Polish Catholic prelate (d. 1981) August 4 - Louis Armstrong, American jazz musician (d. 1971) August 4 - Clarence Passailaigue, Jamaican cricketer (d. 1972) August 5 - Claude Autant-Lara, French film director (d. 2000) August 7 - Ann Harding, American actress (d. 1981) August 9 - Charles Farrell, American actor (d. 1990) August 20 - Salvatore Quasimodo, Italian writer August 24 - Preston Foster, American actor (d. 1970) August 29 - Aurel Joliat, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1986) August 30 - John Gunther, American writer (d. 1970) September 2 - Andreas Embirikos, Greek surrealist poet (d. 1975) September 12 - Ben Blue, Canadian actor and comedian (d. 1975) September 18 - Harold Clurman, American film producer (d. 1980) September 19 - Joe Pasternak, Hungarian-born film producer (d. 1991) September 23 - Jaroslav Seifert, Czech writer September 25 - Gordon Coventry, Australian rules footballer (d. 1968) September 25 - Robert Bresson, French film director (d. 1999) September 28 - Ed Sullivan, American television show host (d. 1974) October 3 - Jean Grémillon, French film director (d. 1959) October 5 - John Alton, American cinematographer (d. 1996) October 8 - Eivind Groven, Norwegian composer (d. 1977) October 24 - Gilda Gray, Polish-born American actress and dancer (d. 1959) October 28 - Eileen Shanahan, Irish Poet (d. 1979) November 3 - Leopold III of Belgium, (d. 1983) November 3 - André Malraux, French writer (d. 1976) November 4 - Spyridon Marinatos, Greek archaeologist (d. 1974) November 11 - F. Van Wyck Mason, American author (d. 1978) November 11 - Sam Spiegel, Austrian-born American film producer (d. 1985) November 17 - Lee Strasberg, Austrian director (d. 1982) November 18 - George Gallup, American statistician and opinion pollster (d. 1984) November 20 - Nazım Hikmet, Turkish poet (d. 1963) November 22 - Joaquin Rodrigo, Spanish composer (d. 1999) November 25 - Arthur Liebehenschel, Commandant of Auschwitz concentration camp (d. 1948) November 27 - Ted Husing, American sportscaster (d. 1962) November 29 - Mildred Harris, American actress (d. 1944) December 1 - Ilona Feher, Hungarian-Jewish violinist (d. 1988) December 2 - Raimundo Orsi, Argentine-born footballer (d. 1986) December 5 - Walt Disney, American animated film producer (d. 1966) December 9 - Carol Dempster, American actress (d. 1991) December 9 - Ödön von Horváth, Hungarian-born writer (d. 1938) December 9 - Jean Mermoz, French pilot (d. 1936) December 27 - Marlene Dietrich, German actress and singer (d. 1992) December 27 - Irene Handl, English actress (d. 1987)
January 11 - Vasily Kalinnikov, Russian composer (b. 1866) January 16 - Jules Barbier, French opera librettist (b. 1825) January 22 - Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, (b. 1819) January 27 - Giuseppe Verdi, Italian composer (b. 1813) April 3 - Richard D'Oyly Carte, British impresario (b. 1844) May 13 - Leopoldo Alas y Ureña, a.k.a. "Clarín" May 22 - Gaetano Bresci, Italian-American anarchist (b. 1869) June 2 - George Leslie Mackay, Canadian missionary (b. 1844) July 4 - Johannes Schmidt, German linguist (b. 1843) July 7 - Johanna Spyri, Swiss author (b. 1827) July 20 - William Cosmo Monkhouse, English poet and critic (b. 1840) August 17 - Edmond Audran, French composer (b. 1842) October 1 - Abdur Rahman Khan, Afghan amir November 27 - Clement Studebaker, American automobile manufacturer (b. 1831)
January 1 - Nigeria becomes a British protectorate. January 1 - The British colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania and Western Australia federate as the Commonwealth of Australia; Edmund Barton is appointed the first Prime Minister. January 10 - The first great Texas oil gusher is discovered at Spindletop in Beaumont, Texas. January 22 - Edward VII becomes King after his mother, Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, dies. February 2 - Queen Victoria's funeral takes place. February 18 - Winston Churchill makes his maiden speech in the British House of Commons. February 20 - The legislature of Hawaii Territory convenes for the first time. February 25 - J.P. Morgan incorporates the United States Steel Corporation. March 2 - The United States Congress passes the Platt amendment, limiting the autonomy of Cuba as a condition for the withdrawal of American troops. March 6 - In Bremen an assassin attempts to kill Wilhelm II of Germany. March 17 - A showing of seventy-one Vincent van Gogh paintings in Paris, 11 years after his death, creates a sensation. April 25 - New York becomes the first U.S. state to require automobile license plates. May 1 - The Pan-American Exposition opens in Buffalo, New York. May 3 - The Great Fire of 1901 begins in Jacksonville, Florida. May 9 - Australia opens its first parliament in Melbourne. May 24 - Seventy-eight miners die in the Caerphilly pit disaster in South Wales. June 11 - New Zealand annexes the Cook Islands. June 17 - The College Board introduces its first standardized test, the forerunner to the SAT. June 24 - First exhibition of Pablo Picasso's work opens. July 24 - O. Henry is released from prison in Austin, Texas after serving three years for embezzlement from a bank. August 5 - Peter O'Connor sets the first IAAF recognised long jump world record of 24ft 11¾ins. The record will stand for 20 years. August 6 - Kiowa land in Oklahoma is opened for white settlement, effectively dissolving the contiguous reservation. August 10 - The U.S. Steel Recognition Strike by the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers begins. August 14 - The first claimed powered flight, by Gustave Whitehead in his Number 21. August 22 - Cadillac Motor Company is founded. September 2 - Vice President of the United States Theodore Roosevelt utters the famous phrase, "Speak softly and carry a big stick" at the Minnesota State Fair. September 6 - Anarchist Leon Czolgosz shoots and fatally wounds US President William McKinley at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York. September 7 - The Boxer Rebellion in China officially ends with the signing of the Boxer Protocol. September 14 - President of the United States William McKinley dies after an assassination attempt on September 6, and is succeeded by Theodore Roosevelt. September 16 - Alturas, California, is incorporated as the only city in Modoc County. September 30 - Hubert Cecil Booth patents the vacuum cleaner. October 12 - President Theodore Roosevelt officially renames the "Executive Mansion" to the White House. October 24 - Annie Edson Taylor becomes the first person to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel. October 29 - In Amherst, Massachusetts nurse Jane Toppan is arrested for murdering the Davis family of Boston with an overdose of morphine. October 29 - Capital punishment: Leon Czolgosz, the assassin of US President William McKinley, is executed by electrocution. November 1 - Sigma Phi Epsilon, the largest national male collegiate fraternity is established at Richmond College, in Richmond, VA. November 8 - Bloody clashes take place in Athens following the translation of the Gospels into demotic Greek. November 13 - The 1901 Caister Lifeboat Disaster. November 27 - U.S. Army War College is established. December 3 - US President Theodore Roosevelt delivers a 20,000-word speech to the House of Representatives asking the Congress to curb the power of trusts "within reasonable limits". December 10 - The first Nobel Prizes are awarded. December 12 - Guglielmo Marconi receives the first transatlantic radio signal at Signal Hill in St John's, Newfoundland.