Famous birthdays, deaths and events of 1914
January 4 - Herman Franks, American baseball player January 5 - George Reeves, American actor (d. 1959) January 9 - Kenny (Klook) Clarke, American jazz drummer and composer (d. 1985) January 14 - Harold Russell, Canadian-born actor (d. 2002) January 16 - Roger Wagner, American choral musician (d. 1992) January 17 - William Stafford, American poet and essayist (d. 1993) January 17 - Irving Brecher, American Screenwriter January 18 - Arno Schmidt, German author (d. 1979) January 19 - Bob Gerard, British racing driver (d. 1990) January 22 - Dimitris Dragatakis, Greek composer (d. 2001) January 30 - John Ireland, Canadian actor (d. 1992) January 30 - David Wayne, American actor (d. 1995) January 31 - Carey Loftin, American actor and stuntman (d. 1997) January 31 - Sri Daya Mata, Hindu religious figure January 31 - Jersey Joe Walcott, American boxer (d. 1994) February 4 - Alfred Andersch, German writer (d. 1980) February 5 - William S. Burroughs, American author (d. 1997) February 5 - Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1998) February 6 - Thurl Ravenscroft, American voice actor (d. 2005) February 7 - Ramón Mercader, Spanish assassin of Leon Trotsky (d. 1978) February 9 - Gypsy Rose Lee, American dancer (d. 1970) February 9 - Ernest Tubb, American singer (d. 1984) February 10 - Larry Adler, American musician (d. 2001) February 11 - Matt Dennis, American singer (d. 2002) February 14 - Margarete Mewes, Nazi overseer at concentration camp February 14 - Norman Von Nida, Australian golfer (d. 2007) February 15 - Kevin McCarthy, American actor February 17 - Arthur Kennedy, American actor (d. 1990) February 17 - Wayne Morris, American actor (d. 1959) February 18 - Pee Wee King, American country musician and songwriter (d. 2000) February 19 - Jacques Dufilho, French comedian (d. 2005) February 20 - John Daly, South African-born broadcaster (d. 2001) February 22 - Renato Dulbecco, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate February 23 - Theofiel Middelkamp, Dutch cyclist (d. 2005) February 24 - Zachary Scott, American actor (d. 1965) February 26 - Robert Alda, American actor (d. 1986) March 1 - Harry Caray, American sportscaster (d. 1998) March 2 - Martin Ritt, American director (d. 1990) March 4 - Gino Colaussi (Luigi Colaussi), Italian footballer (d. 1991) March 5 - Philip Farkas, American horn player and teacher (d. 1992) March 13 - Edward O'Hare, American pilot (d. 1943) March 13 - W.O. Mitchell, Canadian writer (d. 1998) March 14 - Lee Elhardt Hays, American folksinger (d. 1981) March 14 - Bill Owen, British actor (d. 1999) March 14 - Lee Petty, American race car driver (d. 2000) March 15 - Aniello Dellacroce, American gangster (d. 1985) March 17 - Sammy Baugh, American football player March 19 - Jay Berwanger, American football player (d. 2002) March 19 - Fred Clark, American film actor (d. 1968) March 20 - Wendell Corey, American actor (d. 1968) March 21 - Paul Tortelier, French cellist (d. 1990) March 25 - Norman Borlaug, American agriculturalist March 27 - Richard Denning, American actor (d. 1998) March 27 - Budd Schulberg, American screenwriter and novelist March 28 - Edward Anhalt, American screenwriter (d. 2000) March 28 - Bohumil Hrabal, Czech writer (d. 1997) March 29 - Phil Foster, American actor (d. 1985) March 30 - Sonny Boy Williamson I, American musician (d. 1948) April 1 - Lor Tok, Thai comedian and actor (d. 2002) April 2 - Sir Alec Guinness, English actor (d. 2000) April 4 - Marguerite Duras, French writer (d. 1996) April 8 - María Félix, Mexican actress (d. 2002) April 11 - Norman McLaren, Canadian film animator and director (d. 1987) April 20 - Betty Lou Gerson, American actress (d. 1999) April 21 - Norman Panama, American screenwriter (d. 2003) April 22 - Jan de Hartog, Dutch writer (d. 2002) April 24 - William Castle, American film director and producer (d. 1977) April 24 - Justin Wilson, American Cajun chef and humorist (d. 2001) April 25 - Ross Lockridge, Jr. April 26 - Bernard Malamud, American author (d. 1986) April 26 - James W. Rouse, American investor (d. 1996) April 28 - Philip E. High, Science fiction author (d. 2006) May 5 - Tyrone Power, American actor (d. 1958) May 8 - Romain Gary, Polish writer (d. 1980) May 9 - Hank Snow, American country music singer and songwriter (d. 1999) May 11 - Haroun Tazieff, French volcanologist (d. 1998) May 12 - Bertus Aafjes, Dutch poet (d. 1993) May 13 - Joe Louis, American boxer (d. 1981) May 15 - Turk Broda, ice hockey goaltender (d. 1972) May 15 - Tenzing Norgay, (adopted birthdate) Nepalese Sherpa who accompanied Edmund Hillary to the top of Mount Everest (d. 1986) May 19 - Max Perutz, Austrian-born molecular biologist May 19 - Go Seigen, Japanese Go player May 19 - Alex Shibicky, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2005) May 20 - Hideko Maehata, Japanese swimmer (d. 1995) May 22 - Vance Packard, American author (d. 1996) May 22 - Sun Ra, American musician (d. 1993) May 24 - Lilli Palmer, German-born actress (d. 1986) May 24 - Giuseppe Valdengo, Italian baritone (d. 2007) May 26 - Frankie Manning, American Lindy Hop dancer May 28 - W. G. G. Duncan Smith, British World War II pilot (d. 1996) May 29 - Stacy Keach, Sr. May 31 - Akira Ifukube, Japanese composer (d. 2006) June 11 - Gerald Mohr, American actor (d. 1968) June 14 - Pauline Moore, American actress (d. 2001) June 17 - John Hersey, American author (d. 1993) June 19 - Anthony Bloom, Metropolitan of the Russian Orthodox Church (d. 2003) June 19 - Lester Flatt, American musician (d. 1979) June 24 - Pearl Witherington CBE, British WW II secret agent (d. 2008) June 26 - Laurie Lee, British writer (d. 1997) June 27 - Robert Aickman, English author (d. 1981) July 8 - Billy Eckstine, American jazz singer (d. 1993) July 12 - Mohammad Moin, Iranian writer July 15 - Hammond Innes, English writer (d. 1998) July 15 - Howard Vernon, Swiss actor (d. 1996) July 18 - Gino Bartali, Italian cyclist (d. 2000) July 19 - Marius Russo, baseball player (d. 2005) July 23 - Virgil Finlay, American horror illustrator (d. 1971) July 25 - Woody Strode, American actor and decathlete (d. 1994) July 26 - Ellis Kinder, American baseball player (d. 1968) July 28 - Carmen Dragon, American composer (d. 1984) July 29 - Irwin Corey, American stand-up comedian July 31 - Louis de Funès, French actor and comedian (d. 1983) August 1 - J. Lee Thompson, British film director (d. 2002) August 2 - Félix Leclerc, Quebec singer August 2 - Beatrice Straight, American actress (d. 2001) August 5 - David Brian, American actor (d. 1993) August 6 - Arthur Charles Dobson, British racing driver (d. 1980) August 9 - Tove Jansson, Finnish author (Moomins) (d. 2001) August 9 - Joe Mercer, English footballer (d. 1990) August 10 - Jeff Corey, American actor (d. 2002) August 10 - Carlos Menditeguy, Argentine racing driver (d. 1973) August 11 - José Silva, American parapsychologist (d. 1999) August 12 - Ruth Lowe, Canadian pianist and composer (I'll Never Smile Again) (d. 1981) August 13 - Luis Mariano, Basque operetta singer (d. 1970) August 17 - Franklin Delano Roosevelt Jr., son of Franklin Delano Roosevelt (d. 1988) August 19 - Lajos Baróti, Hungarian footballer (d. 2005) August 26 - Julio Cortázar, Argentine writer (d. 1984) August 31 - Richard Basehart, American actor (d. 1984) September 2 - Tom Glazer, American folk singer and songwriter (d. 2003) September 7 - Graeme Bell, Australian pianist and composer September 10 - Robert Wise, American film director (d. 2005) September 11 - Pavle, Patriarch of Serbia September 12 - Rais Amrohvi, Pakistani poet and psychoanalyst (d. 1988) September 12 - Desmond Llewelyn, Welsh actor (d. 1999) September 14 - Lída Baarová, Czech actress (d. 2000) September 14 - Clayton Moore, American actor (d. 1999) September 14 - Kay Medford, American actress (d. 1980) September 14 - Robert McCloskey, American author (d. 2003) September 15 - Adolfo Bioy Casares, Argentine writer (d. 1999) September 16 - Allen Funt, American radio and television personality (d. 1999) September 18 - Jack Cardiff, British film director September 20 - Kenneth More, English actor (d. 1982) September 23 - Omar Ali Saifuddin III, Sultan of Brunei (d. 1986) September 26 - Jack LaLanne, American fitness September 26 - Achille Compagnoni, Italian mountaineer October 4 - Brendan Gill, American writer (d. 1997) October 7 - Alfred Drake, American actor (d. 1992) October 7 - Sarah Churchill, British actress (d. 1982) October 10 - Tommy Fine, American baseball player (d. 2005) October 10 - Ivory Joe Hunter, American R&B singer (d. 1974) October 14 - Dick Durrance, American skier (d. 2004) October 14 - Harry Brecheen, American baseball player (d. 2004) October 16 - Mohammed Zahir Shah, Shah of Afghanistan (d. 2007) October 18 - Raymond Lambert, Swiss mountaineer (d. 1997) October 20 - Fayard Nicholas, American dancer (d. 2006) October 25 - John Berryman, American poet (d. 1972) October 26 - Jackie Coogan, American actor (d. 1984) October 27 - Dylan Thomas, Welsh poet (d. 1953) October 28 - Richard Laurence Millington Synge, Nobel laureate (d. 1994) October 28 - Glenn Robert Davis, U.S. Congressman (d. 1988) October 30 - Richard E Holz, American composer (d. 1986) October 30 - Anna Wing, English actress October 31 - Joe Carcione, American consumer advocate (d. 1988) November 1 - Moshe Teitelbaum, Hassidic rabbi (d. 2006) November 2 - Johnny Vander Meer, baseball player (d. 1997) November 6 - Jonathan Harris, American actor (d. 2002) November 7 - Archie Campbell, American comedian November 11 - Howard Fast, American author (d. 2003) November 13 - Alberto Lattuada, Italian film director (d. 2005) November 22 - Peter Townsend, British Equerry and air pilot (d. 1995) November 23 - Roger Avon, Durham actor (d. 1998) November 23 - Michael Gough, English actor November 25 - Joe DiMaggio, American baseball player (d. 1999) December 2 - Adolph Green, American composer (d. 2002) December 2 - Ray Walston, American actor (d. 2001) December 4 - Claude Renoir, French cinematographer (d. 1993) December 5 - Hans Hellmut Kirst, German author (d. 1989) December 9 - Frances Reid, American actress December 10 - Dorothy Lamour, American actress (d. 1996) December 12 - Patrick O'Brian, English author (d. 2000) December 14 - Attila Petschauer, Hungarian fencer (d. 1943) December 14 - Rosalyn Tureck, American pianist and harpsichordist (d. 2003) December 24 - Herbert Reinecker, German writer December 26 - Annemarie Wendl, German actress (d. 2006) December 26 - Richard Widmark, American actor (d. 2008) December 28 - Bernard Youens, English actor (d. 1984) December 29 - Billy Tipton, American musician (d. 1989) December 30 - Bert Parks, American television host (d. 1992) December 30 - Jo Van Fleet, American actress (d. 1996)
February 24 - Joshua Chamberlain, Civil War hero for the Union on Little Round Top at the Battle of Gettysburg March 19 - Giuseppe Mercalli, Italian volcanologist (b. 1850) March 25 - Frédéric Mistral, French poet April 1 - Rube Waddell, American baseball player (b. 1876) April 2 - Paul von Heyse, German writer May 9 - C.W. Post, American food manufacturer (b. 1854) June 21 - Bertha von Suttner, Austrian writer and pacifist August 22 - Giacomo Radini-Tedeschi Italian religious figure, September 3 - Albéric Magnard, French composer (b. 1865) September 5 - Charles Péguy, French poet September 22 - Alain-Fournier, French writer (b. 1886) December 16 - Ivan Zajc, Croatian composer (b. 1832) December 24 - John Muir, British naturalist (b. 1838)
January 5 - The Ford Motor Company announces an eight-hour workday and a minimum wage of $5 for a day's labor. February 12 - In Washington, DC, the first stone of the Lincoln Memorial is put into place. February 13 - Copyright: In New York City the ASCAP (for American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers) is established to protect the copyrighted musical compositions of its members. February 26 - HMHS Britannic, sister to the Titanic, is launched at Harland & Wolff, Belfast. March 1 - The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union. March 20 - In New Haven, Connecticut, the first international figure skating championship takes place. April 20 - Forty-five men, women, and children die in the Ludlow Massacre during a Colorado coal-miner's strike. April 27 - Honduras becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty. May 8 - Paramount Pictures is formed. May 9 - J.T. Hearne becomes the first bowler to take 3000 first-class wickets. May 15 - Bolivia becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty. May 16 - The first ever Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup final is played. Brooklyn Field Club defeats Brooklyn Celtic 2-1. May 25 - The United Kingdom's House of Commons passes the Home Rule Act for devolution in Ireland. May 29 - Ocean liner RMS Empress of Ireland sinks in the Gulf of St. Lawrence; 1,024 lives lost. May 30 - The new and then largest Cunard ocean liner RMS Aquitania, 45,647 tons, sets sails on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England to New York City. June 23 - Mexican Revolution: Francisco Villa takes Zacatecas from Victoriano Huerta. June 28 - Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophie are assassinated in Sarajevo by young Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip , the casus belli of World War I. June 29 - Jina Guseva attempts to assassinate Grigori Rasputin at his home town in Siberia. July 11 - Babe Ruth makes his debut in Major league baseball. July 18 - The U.S. Congress forms the Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps, giving definite status to aircraft within the U.S. Army for the first time. July 23 - Austria-Hungary issues an ultimatum to Serbia demanding Serbia to allow the Austrians to determine who assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand. Serbia rejects those demands and Austria declares war on July 28. July 26 - Serbia and Bulgaria interrupt diplomatic relationship. July 27 - Felix Manalo registers the Iglesia ni Cristo with the Filipino government. July 28 - World War I: Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia after Serbia rejects the conditions of an ultimatum sent by Austria on July 23 following the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand. August 1 - Germany declares war on Russia at the opening of World War I. The Swiss Army mobilises because of World War I August 3 - World War I: Germany declares war against France. August 4 - World War I: Germany invades Belgium. In response, the United Kingdom declares war on Germany. The United States declares its neutrality. August 5 - In Cleveland, Ohio, the first electric traffic light is installed. August 6 - World War I: First Battle of the Atlantic August 6 - World War I: Serbia declares war on Germany; Austria declares war on Russia. August 6 - Denis Patrick Dowd Jr. enlists in the French Foreign Legion, becoming the first American to fight in World War I. August 12 - World War I August 15 - A male servant of American architect Frank Lloyd Wright sets fire to the living quarters of the architect's Wisconsin home, Taliesin, murders seven people and burns the living quarters to the ground. August 15 - The Panama Canal opens to traffic with the transit of the cargo ship Ancon. August 16 - World War I: Battle of Cer begins. August 17 - World War I: Battle of Stalluponen August 20 - World War I: German forces occupy Brussels. August 22 - World War I: in Belgium, British and German troops clash for the first time in the war. August 23 - World War I: Japan declares war on Germany and bombs Qingdao, China. August 23 - World War I: the Battle of Mons; the British Army begins withdrawal. August 24 - World War I: German troops capture Namur. August 26 - World War I: Germany defeats Russia in the Battle of Tannenberg, a decisive engagement which results in the almost complete destruction of the Russian 2nd Army. August 26 - World War I: the British Expeditionary Force briefly checks the German advance at Le Cateau. August 26 - World War I: the German colony of Togoland is invaded by French and British forces, who take it after 5 days. August 28 - World War I: the Royal Navy beats the German fleet in the Battle of Heligoland Bight. August 28 - World War I: German troops conquer Namur. August 30 - Battle of Tannenberg. August 31 - Ecuador becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty. September 1 - St. Petersburg, Russia changes its name to Petrograd. September 1 - The last passenger pigeon, a female named Martha, dies in captivity in the Cincinnati Zoo. September 3 - William, Prince of Albania leaves the country after just six months due to opposition to his rule. September 5 - World War I: First Battle of the Marne begins. Northeast of Paris, the French attack and defeat German forces who are advancing on the capital. September 8 - World War I: Private Thomas Highgate becomes the first British soldier to be executed for desertion during the war. September 9 - World War I: The creation of the Canadian Automobile Machine Gun Brigade, the first fully mechanized unit in the British Army. September 11 - Australia invades New Britain, defeating a German contingent there. September 13 - World War I: South African troops open hostilities in German south-west Africa (Namibia) with an assault on the Ramansdrift police station. September 13 - World War I: The Battle of Aisne begins between Germany and France. September 17 - Andrew Fisher becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time. September 18 - The Irish Home Rule Act becomes law, but is delayed until after World War I. September 18 - World War I: South African troops land in German South West Africa. September 26 - The United States Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is established by the Federal Trade Commission Act. October 5 - World War I first aerial combat resulting in a kill. October 9 - World War I: Siege of Antwerp October 18 - The Schoenstatt Movement is founded in Germany. October 19 - The First Battle of Ypres begins. November 1 - World War I: the first British Royal Navy defeat of the war with Germany, the Battle of Coronel, is fought off of the western coast of Chile, in the Pacific. November 2 - Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire. November 7 - The first issue of The New Republic magazine is published. November 7 - The German colony of Kiaochow Bay and its centre at Tsingtao are captured by Japanese forces. November 16 - The Federal Reserve Bank of the United States officially opens. November 23 - The US Army retreats from Mexico. November 28 - World War I: Following a war-induced closure in July, the New York Stock Exchange re-opens for bond trading. December 5 - The Italian Parliament proclaims the neutrality of the country. December 8 - World War I: Battle of the Falkland Islands December 14 - Lisandro de la Torre and others found the Democratic Progressist Party (Partido Demócrata Progresista, PDP) at the Hotel Savoy, Buenos Aires. December 15 - World War I: The Serbian Army recaptures Belgrade from the invading Austro-Hungarian Army. December 15 - Gas explosion at Mitsubishi Hojyo coal mine, Ky¨±sh¨±, Japan, 687 killed. This accident is the worst coal mine disaster in Japanese history. December 16 - World War I: German battleships under Franz Von Hipper bombard the English ports of Hartlepool and Scarborough. December 23 - World War I: Australian and New Zealand troops arrive in Cairo, Egypt. December 24 - World War I: The "Christmas truce" begins. December 25 - World War I: Known as the Christmas truce, German and British troops on the Western Front temporarily cease fire.