Famous birthdays, deaths and events of 1920
January 1 - Virgilio Savona, Italian singer (Quartetto Cetra) January 2 - Isaac Asimov, Russian author (d. 1992) January 3 - Renato Carosone, Italian musician (d. 2001) January 5 - Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, Italian pianist (d. 1995) January 6 - Doris Stokes, British psychic medium (d. 1987) January 6 - Early Wynn, American baseball player (d. 1999) January 6 - John Maynard Smith, English biologist (d. 2004) January 6 - Sun Myung Moon, Korean evangelist January 9 - Chan Canasta, Polish-British magician (d. 1999) January 9 - Clive Dunn, British actor January 10 - Georges Marchal, French actor (d. 1997) January 10 - Max Patkin, American baseball player (d. 1999) January 12 - James L. Farmer, Jr. January 12 - Prof Jerzy Zubrzycki, Polish-born Australian sociologist January 15 - John Cardinal O'Connor, American Catholic cardinal (d. 2000) January 15 - Steve Gromek, American baseball player (d. 2002) January 16 - Alberto Crespo, Argentine racing driver (d. 1991) January 20 - Federico Fellini, Italian film director (d. 1993) January 20 - DeForest Kelley, American actor (d. 1999) January 20 - Thorleif Schjelderup, Norwegian author and ski jumper (d. 2006) January 24 - Jerry Maren, American actor January 27 - Helmut Zacharias, German violinist (d. 2002) January 29 - José Luis de Villalonga, Spanish aristocrat (d. 2007) January 30 - Carwood Lipton, American WWII veteran (d. 2001) January 30 - Delbert Mann, American film director February 3 - Tony Gaze, Australian racing driver February 5 - Frank Muir, British comedian (d. 1998) February 11 - Billy Halop, American actor (d. 1976) February 12 - Pran, Indian actor February 13 - Boudleaux Bryant, American songwriter (d. 1987) February 13 - Eileen Farrell, American opera soprano (d. 2002) February 17 - Ivo Caprino, Norwegian animated film director February 18 - Bill Cullen, American game show host (d. 1990) February 19 - C. Z. Guest, American socialite (d. 2003) February 19 - Jaan Kross, Estonian writer (d. 2007) February 25 - Gérard Bessette, Canadian author (d. 2005) February 26 - Danny Gardella, American baseball player (d. 2005) February 26 - Tony Randall, American actor (d. 2004) February 29 - Arthur Franz, American actor (d. 2006) February 29 - James Mitchell, American actor February 29 - Michèle Morgan, French actress February 29 - Howard Nemerov, American poet (d. 1991) February 29 - Ivan Petrov, Russian operatic bass (d. 2003) March 1 - Howard Nemerov, American poet (d. 1991) March 1 - Max Bentley, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1984) March 3 - Julius Boros, American golfer (d. 1994) March 3 - James Doohan, Canadian-born actor (d. 2005) March 3 - Ronald Searle, British illustrator March 4 - Alan MacNaughtan, Scottish actor (d. 2002) March 5 - José Aboulker, Jewish Communist March 5 - Virginia Christine, American actress (d. 1996) March 8 - Douglass Wallop, American novelist and playwright (d. 1985) March 10 - Boris Vian, French writer and musician (d. 1959) March 15 - Lawrence Sanders, American novelist (d. 1998) March 16 - Leo McKern, Australian actor (d. 2002) March 16 - John Addison, British composer (d. 1998) March 16 - Sid Fleischman, American author March 18 - Jack Warden, American actor (d.2006) March 19 - Tige Andrews, American actor (d. 2007) March 19 - Kjell Aukrust, Norwegian author (d. 2002) March 21 - Georg Ots, Estonian singer (d. 1975) March 21 - Manolis Chiotis, Greek bouzouki virtuoso and song writer (d. 1970) March 22 - Werner Klemperer, German-born actor (d. 2000) March 22 - Ross Martin, Polish-American actor (d. 1981) March 23 - Neal Smith, former United States Congressman March 24 - Gene Nelson, American actor (d. 1996) March 25 - Patrick Troughton, English actor (d. 1987) March 25 - Arthur Wint, Jamaican runner (d. 1992) March 27 - Robin Jacques, illustrator (d. 1995) March 29 - John Belk, American head of Belk March 31 - Deborah Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire April 1 - Toshirō Mifune, Japanese actor (d. 1997) April 2 - Jack Webb, American actor April 3 - John Demjanjuk, Ukrainian-born American auto worker April 3 - Stan Freeman, American composer and lyricist (d. 2001) April 4 - Éric Rohmer, French film director April 5 - Arthur Hailey, American writer (d. 2004) April 5 - Rafique Zakaria, Indian author (d. 2005) April 7 - Ravi Shankar, Indian sitar player April 8 - Carmen McRae, American jazz singer (d. 1994) April 13 - Roberto Calvi, Italian banker (d. 1982) April 13 - Liam Cosgrave, fifth Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland April 13 - John LaPorta, American musician (d. 2004) April 20 - Ronald Speirs, WWII Veteran (d. 2007) April 21 - Edmund Adamkiewicz, German footballer (d. 1991) April 21 - Ronald Magill, British actor (d. 2007) April 27 - Edwin Morgan, Scottish poet April 29 - Harold Shapero, American composer April 30 - Duncan Hamilton, British racing driver (d. 1994) May 3 - John Lewis, American jazz pianist and composer (Modern Jazz Quartet) (d. 2001) May 6 - Ross Hunter, American film producer (d. 1996) May 8 - Sloan Wilson, American author (d. 2003) May 9 - Richard Adams, English author May 9 - William Tenn, American author May 13 - Gareth Morris, British flautist (d. 2007) May 16 - Martine Carol, French actress (d. 1967) May 18 - Lucia Mannucci, Italian singer (Quartetto Cetra) May 20 - John Cruickshank, Scottish airman May 20 - Betty Driver, English singer and actress May 21 - Anthony Steel, British actor (d. 2001) May 23 - Helen O'Connell, American singer (d. 1993) May 26 - Peggy Lee, American singer (d. 2002) May 30 - Franklin Schaffner, American film director (d. 1989) June 2 - Marcel Reich-Ranicki, Polish-born critic June 5 - Cornelius Ryan, Irish-American author (d. 1974) June 8 - Gwen Harwood, Australian poet (d. 1995) June 11 - Hazel Scott, West Indian-born singer (d. 1981) June 11 - Irving Howe, American literary and social critic (d. 1993) June 12 - Peter Jones, English actor (d. 2000) June 12 - Jim Siedow, American actor (d. 2003) June 15 - Alberto Sordi, Italian actor and director (d. 2003) June 15 - Alla Kazanskaya, Russian stage and film actress (d. 2008) June 16 - John Howard Griffin, American writer (d. 1980) June 17 - François Jacob, French biologist June 18 - Ian Carmichael, English actor June 20 - Hans Gerschwiler, Swiss figure skater June 22 - Paul Frees, American voice actor (d. 1986) June 29 - Ray Harryhausen, American filmmaker July 1 - Harold Sakata, American actor (d. 1982) July 3 - Paul O'Dea, American baseball player (d. 1978) July 4 - Norm Drucker, American basketball referee July 4 - Leona Helmsley, American hotel operator and real estate investor (d. 2007) July 10 - David Brinkley, American television reporter (d. 2003) July 11 - Yul Brynner, Russian-born actor (d. 1985) July 12 - Beah Richards, American actress (d. 2000) July 13 - Bill Towers, English footballer (d. 2000) July 16 - Anwar Hussain, Pakistani cricketer (d. 2002) July 17 - Juan Antonio Samaranch, Spanish chairman of the International Olympic Committee July 17 - Gordon Gould, inventor of the laser (d. 2005) July 18 - Eric Brandon, British racing driver (d. 1982) July 21 - Constance Dowling, American actress (d. 1969) July 21 - Isaac Stern, Ukrainian-born violinist (d. 2001) July 23 - Amalia Rodrigues, Portuguese fado singer (d. 1999) July 24 - Bella Abzug, U.S. Congresswoman from New York (d. 1998) July 25 - Jean Carmet, French actor (d. 1994) July 26 - Bob Waterfield, American football player (d. 1983) July 29 - Rodolfo Acosta, Mexican actor (d. 1974) August 3 - P. D. James, English novelist August 3 - Charlie Shavers, American trumpet player (d. 1971) August 6 - Ella Raines, American actress (d. 1988) August 8 - Leo Chiosso, Italian lyricist (d. 2006) August 8 - Carol Lambrino, son of Carol II of Romania and Zizi Lambrino (d. 2006) August 8 - Jimmy Witherspoon, American singer (d. 1997) August 11 - Chuck Rayner, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2002) August 13 - Neville Brand, American actor (d. 1992) August 16 - Charles Bukowski, American poet (d. 1994) August 17 - Maureen O'Hara, Irish actress August 18 - Bob Kennedy, baseball player (d. 2005) August 18 - Shelley Winters, American actress (d. 2006) August 18 - Godfrey Evans, England cricketer (d. 1999) August 21 - Christopher Robin Milne, inspiration for the Winnie-the-Pooh stories (d. 1996) August 22 - Ray Bradbury, American writer August 22 - Denton Cooley, American heart surgeon August 29 - Charlie Parker, American musician (d. 1955) September 1 - Richard Farnsworth, American actor (d. 2000) September 4 - Teddy Johnson, British singer September 4 - Clemar Bucci, Argentine racing driver September 7 - Al Caiola, American guitarist September 9 - Aldo Parisot, American cellist and teacher September 14 - Mario Benedetti, Uruguayan writer September 18 - Jack Warden, American actor (d. 2006) September 19 - Roger Angell, American sports writer September 20 - Alberto de Lacerda, Portuguese poet (d. 2007) September 22 - Bob Lemon, American baseball player (d. 2000) September 23 - Mickey Rooney, American actor September 25 - Sergei Bondarchuk, Ukrainian-born actor (d. 1994) September 27 - William Conrad, American actor (d. 1994) September 27 - Jayne Meadows, American actress September 30 - Aldo Parisot, Brazilian-American musician and cellist October 1 - Walter Matthau, American actor (d. 2000) October 8 - Frank Herbert, American writer (d. 1986) October 9 - Jens Bjørneboe, Norwegian author (d. 1976) October 12 - Christy Ring, Irish hurler (d. 1979) October 13 - Laraine Day, American actress (d. 2007) October 15 - Mario Puzo, American novelist (d. 1999) October 15 - Henri Verneuil, French film director (d. 2002) October 17 - Miguel Delibes, Spanish writer October 17 - Montgomery Clift, American actor (d. 1966) October 22 - Timothy Leary, American writer (d. 1996) October 27 - Nanette Fabray, American actress October 29 - Baruj Benacerraf, Venezuelan-born immunologist October 29 - Catholicos Baselios Mar Thoma Didymos I, Indian Catholic October 31 - Dick Francis, Welsh novelist October 31 - Joseph Gelineau French composer, (d. 2008) October 31 - Fritz Walter, German footballer (d. 2002) November 2 - Ann Rutherford, American actress November 3 - Oodgeroo Noonuccal, Australian writer (d. 1993) November 8 - Esther Rolle, American actress (d. 1998) November 8 - Eugênio de Araújo Sales, Brazilian cardinal November 9 - Byron de la Beckwith, American assassin November 10 - Jennifer Holt, American actress (d. 1997) November 12 - Richard Quine, American actor (d. 1989) November 17 - Camillo Felgen, Luxembourgish singer (d. 2005) November 19 - Gene Tierney, American actress (d. 1991) November 21 - Ralph Meeker, American actor (d. 1988) November 21 - Stan Musial, American baseball player November 22 - Anne Crawford, British film actor (d. 1956) November 23 - Paul Celan, Romanian-born German poet (d. 1970) November 25 - Ricardo Montalbán, Mexican actor November 25 - Noel Neill, American actress November 26 - Daniel Petrie, Canadian-born television and movie director (d. 2004) November 27 - Abe Lenstra, Dutch footballer (d. 1985) November 27 - Buster Merryfield, English actor (d. 1999) November 30 - Virginia Mayo, American actress (d. 2005) December 6 - Dave Brubeck, American pianist and composer December 7 - Fiorenzo Magni, Italian cyclist December 7 - Tatamkulu Afrika, South African poet and writer (d. 2002) December 10 - Clarice Lispector, Ukrainian-Brazilian writer (d. 1977) December 10 - Reginald Rose, American writer (d. 2002) December 14 - Clark Terry, American trumpeter December 19 - Little Jimmy Dickens, American country singer December 19 - David Susskind, American TV talk show host (d. 1987) December 21 - Alicia Alonso, Cuban ballerina December 21 - Jean Gascon, Canadian actor (d. 1988) December 24 - Evgeniya Rudneva, Russian World War II heroine (d. 1944) December 27 - Bruce Hobbs, American jockey (d. 2005) December 29 - Viveca Lindfors, Swedish-American actress (d. 1995) December 30 - Jack Lord, American actor (d. 1998) December 31 - Rex Allen, American actor
January 2 - Paul Adam, French novelist (b. 1862) January 4 - Benito Pérez Galdós, Spanish novelist (b. 1843) January 16 - Reginald De Koven, American music critic and composer of operettas (b. 1859) January 20 - Georg Lurich, Estonian wrestler (b. 1876) February 21 - Jacinta Marto, witness of the Blessed Virgin Mary at Fatima (b. 1910) March 1 - Joseph Trumpeldor, Russian Zionist (b. 1880) March 26 - William Chester Minor, American surgeon and contributor to the Oxford English Dictionary (b. 1834) April 8 - Charles Tomlinson Griffes, American composer (b. 1884) April 29 - William Henry Seward, Jr. May 11 - William Dean Howells, American writer (b. 1837) June 5 - Rhoda Broughton, Welsh author (b. 1840) June 14 - Max Weber, German sociologist (b. 1864) July 11 - Empress Eugénie de Montijo of France, (b. 1826) July 23 - Conrad Kohrs, German-born rancher (b. 1835) August 2 - Ormer Locklear, American stunt pilot (b. 1891) August 17 - Ray Chapman, American baseball player (b. 1891) August 31 - Wilhelm Wundt, German psychologist (b. 1832) September 5 - Robert Harron, American actor (b. 1893) November 22 - Manuel Pérez y Curis, Uruguayan poet (b. 1884) November 24 - Alexandru Macedonski, Romanian writer (b. 1854) December 11 - Olive Schreiner, South African writer (b. 1855) December 14 - George Gipp, American football player (b. 1895)
January 1 - The Belorussian Communist Organisation is founded as a separate party. January 2 - The Palmer Raids begin in the United States. January 10 - The League of Nations holds its first meeting and ratifies the Treaty of Versailles ending World War I. January 16 - Zeta Phi Beta Sorority Inc. is founded on the campus of Howard University. January 19 - The United States Senate votes against joining the League of Nations. January 20 - The American Civil Liberties Union is founded. January 23 - The Netherlands refuses to surrender ex-Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany to the Allies. January 26 - Former Ford Motor Co. executive Henry Leland launches the Lincoln Motor Company which he later sold to his former employer. February 1 - The Royal Canadian Mounted Police begins operations. February 2 - The Tartu Peace Treaty is signed between Estonia and Russia. February 2 - France occupies Memel. February 9 - By the terms of the Svalbard Treaty, international diplomacy recognizes Norwegian sovereignty over Arctic archipelago Svalbard, and designates it as demilitarized. February 10 - Jozef Haller de Hallenburg performs symbolic wedding of Poland to the sea, celebrating restitution of Polish access to open sea. February 13 - The Negro National League is formed. February 14 - The League of Women Voters is founded in Chicago, Illinois. February 24 - The Nazi Party is founded. March 13 - The Kapp Putsch briefly oust the Weimar Republic government from Berlin. March 19 - The United States Senate rejects the Treaty of Versailles for the second time (first time was on November 19, 1919). March 28 - Palm Sunday tornado outbreak of 1920 affects the Great Lakes region and Deep South states. April 15 - Anarchists Sacco and Vanzetti allegedly murder two security guards while robbing a shoe store. April 23 - The national council in Turkey denounces the government of Sultan Mehmed VI and announces a temporary constitution. April 23 - The Grand National Assembly of Turkey is founded in Ankara. April 28 - Azerbaijan is added to the Soviet Union. April 30 - Peru becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty. May 2 - The first game of the Negro National League baseball is played in Indianapolis, Indiana. May 5 - Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti are arrested, accused of robbery and murder. May 7 - Kiev Offensive (1920): Polish troops led by Józef Piłsudski and Edward Rydz-Śmigły and assisted by a symbolic Ukrainian force capture Kiev only to be driven out by the Red Army counter-offensive a month later. May 7 - Treaty of Moscow (1920): Soviet Russia recognizes independence of the Democratic Republic of Georgia only to invade the country six months later. May 9 - Polish-Soviet War: The Polish army under General Edward Rydz-Śmigły celebrates its capture of Kiev with a victory parade on Khreschatyk. May 15 - Council of Lithuania adjourns as the newly elected Constituent Assembly of Lithuania meets for the first time in Kaunas. May 16 - In Rome, Pope Benedict XV canonizes Joan of Arc as a saint. May 20 - Montreal, Quebec radio station XWA broadcasts the first regularly scheduled radio programming in North America. June 1 - Adolfo de la Huerta becomes president of Mexico. June 4 - Hungary loses 71% of its territory and 63% of its population when the Treaty of Trianon is signed in Paris. June 15 - Duluth lynchings in Minnesota. July 12 - The Soviet–Lithuanian Peace Treaty is signed. Soviet Russia recognized independent Lithuania. July 25 - Telecommunications: the first transatlantic two-way radio broadcast takes place. July 29 - Construction of the Link River Dam begins as part of the Klamath Reclamation Project. August 10 - World War I: Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI's representatives sign the Treaty of Sèvres which divides up the Ottoman Empire between the Allies. August 11 - The Latvia-Bolshevist Russia peace treaty, which relinquished Russia's authority and pretenses to Latvia, is signed. August 13 - Polish-Soviet War: Battle of Warsaw begins, lasts till August 25. The Red Army is defeated. August 15 - Polish-Soviet War: Battle of Warsaw August 16 - Ray Chapman of the Cleveland Indians is hit in the head by a fastball thrown by Carl Mays of the New York Yankees, and dies early the next day. To date, Chapman is the second player to die from injuries sustained in a Major League Baseball game, the first being Doc Powers in 1909. August 16 - The congress of the Communist Party of Bukhara opens. The congress would call for armed revolution. August 18 - The Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, guaranteeing women's suffrage. August 20 - The first commercial radio station, 8MK (WWJ), begins operations in Detroit, Michigan. August 25 - Polish-Soviet War: Battle of Warsaw, which began on August 13, ends. The Red Army is defeated. August 26 - The 19th amendment to United States Constitution takes effect, giving women the right to vote. August 27 - Takes place the first radio broadcasting in Argentina. August 31 - Polish-Bolshevik War: A decisive Polish victory in the Battle of Komarów. August 31 - First radio news program broadcast by station 8MK in Detroit, Michigan. September 16 - The Wall Street bombing: a bomb in a horse wagon explodes in front of the J.P.Morgan building in New York City September 17 - The National Football League is organized in Canton, Ohio, United States. September 20 - Foundation of the Spanish Legion. October 1 - Sir Percy Cox landed in Basra to assume his responsibilities as high commissioner in Iraq. October 10 - The Carinthian Plebiscite determines that the larger part of Carinthia should remain part of Austria. October 14 - Part of Petsamo province is ceded by Soviet Union to Finland. October 30 - The Communist Party of Australia is founded in Sydney. November 1 - American Fishing Schooner Esperanto defeats the Canadian Fishing Schooner Delawana in the First International Fishing Schooner Championship Races in Halifax. November 2 - In the United States, KDKA of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania starts broadcasting as the first commercial radio station. The first broadcast was the results of the U.S. presidential election, 1920. November 12 - Italy and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes sign the Treaty of Rapallo. November 15 - First assembly of the League of Nations is held in Geneva. November 21 - Bloody Sunday during the Anglo-Irish War. November 28 - Kilmichael Ambush, Battle of the Irish War of Independence. December 2 - Following more than a month of Turkish-Armenian War, the Turkish dictated peace treaty is concluded -Treaty of Alexandropol December 5 - Dimitrios Rallis forms a government in Greece. December 16 - The Haiyuan earthquake, magnitude 8.5, rocks the Gansu province in China, killing an estimated 200,000. December 22 - The GOELRO economic development plan is adopted by the 8th Congress of Soviets of the Russian SFSR.