December 17 - Thubten Gyatso, 13th Dalai Lama (b. 1876)
January 3 - Minnie D. Craig becomes the first female elected as Speaker of the North Dakota House of Representatives, the first female to hold a Speaker position anywhere in the United States.
January 5 - Construction of the Golden Gate Bridge begins in San Francisco Bay.
January 28 - The name Pakistan is coined by Choudhary Rehmat Ali Khan and is accepted by the Indian Muslims who then thereby adopted it further for the Pakistan Movement seeking independence.
January 30 - Adolf Hitler is sworn in as Chancellor of Germany.
February 2 - Adolf Hitler dissolves the German Parliament.
February 6 - The 20th Amendment to the United States Constitution goes into effect.
February 10 - The New York City-based Postal Telegraph Company introduces the first singing telegram.
February 10 - In round 13 of a boxing match at New York City's Madison Square Garden, Primo Carnera knocks out Ernie Schaaf, killing him.
February 10 - Adolf Hitler takes a speech in Sportpalast, Berlin
February 15 - In Miami, Florida, Giuseppe Zangara attempts to assassinate President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt, but instead shoots Chicago, Illinois Mayor Anton J. Cermak, who dies of his wounds on March 6, 1933.
February 17 - The magazine Newsweek is published for the first time.
February 17 - The Blaine Act ends Prohibition in the United States.
February 20 - The Congress of the United States proposes the Twenty-first Amendment to the United States Constitution, which would end Prohibition in the United States.
February 25 - The USS Ranger is launched, becoming the US Navys first custom-built aircraft carrier.
February 27 - Reichstag fire: Germany's parliament building in Berlin, the Reichstag, is set on fire.
February 28 - Gleichschaltung: The Reichstag Fire Decree is passed in Germany a day after the Reichstag fire.
March 4 - Frances Perkins becomes United States Secretary of Labor, first female member of the United States Cabinet.
March 4 - Bertha Wilson is appointed as first woman to sit on the Supreme Court of Canada.
March 4 - The Parliament of Austria is suspended because of a quibble over procedure
March 5 - Great Depression: President Franklin D. Roosevelt declares a "bank holiday", closing all U.S. banks and freezing all financial transactions.
March 5 - In Germany, the Nazis win 44 percent of the vote in parliamentary elections.
March 9 - Great Depression: The United States Congress begins its first 100 days of enacting New Deal legislation. President Franklin D. Roosevelt submits the Emergency Banking Act to the Congress.
March 10 - An earthquake in Long Beach, California kills 120 people.
March 12 - Great Depression: Franklin D. Roosevelt addresses the nation for the first time as President of the United States. This was also the first of his "Fireside Chats."
March 13 - Great Depression: Banks in the U.S. begin to re-open after President Franklin D. Roosevelt mandated a "bank holiday".
March 15 - Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss keeps members of the National Council from convening, starting the austrofascist dictatorship.
March 20 - Giuseppe Zangara is executed in Florida's electric chair for fatally shooting Anton Cermak in an assassination attempt against President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
March 21 - Construction of Dachau, the first Nazi Germany concentration camp, is completed.
March 22 - President Franklin Delano Roosevelt signs into law a bill legalizing the sale of beer and wine.
March 23 - The Reichstag passes the Enabling act of 1933, making Adolf Hitler dictator of Germany.
March 31 - The Civilian Conservation Corps is established with the mission to relieve rampant unemployment.
April 1 - The recently elected Nazis under Julius Streicher organize a one-day boycott of all Jewish-owned businesses in Germany, ushering in the series of anti-Semitic acts that will gradually, yet ultimately lead to the Holocaust.
April 7 - Prohibition is repealed for beer of no more than 3.2% alcohol by weight, eight months before the ratification of the XXI amendment.
April 10 - New Deal: The Civilian Conservation Corps is created.
April 26 - The Gestapo, the official secret police force of Nazi Germany, is established.
April 27 - Jessop & Son department store in Nottingham, England, acquired by John Lewis Partnership. The partnership's first shop outside London.
May 2 - Gleichschaltung: Adolf Hitler bans trade unions.
May 3 - Nellie Tayloe Ross becomes the first woman to head the United States Mint.
May 8 - Mohandas Gandhi begins a 21-day fast in protest against British oppression in India.
May 10 - Censorship: In Germany, the Nazis stage massive public book burnings.
May 17 - Vidkun Quisling and Johan Bernhard Hjort form Nasjonal Samling — the national-socialist party of Norway.
May 18 - New Deal: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs an act creating the Tennessee Valley Authority.
May 27 - New Deal: The U.S. Federal Securities Act is signed into law requiring the registration of securities with the Federal Trade Commission.
May 27 - The Walt Disney Company releases the cartoon The Three Little Pigs, with its hit song "Who's Afraid of the Big Bad Wolf?"
May 27 - The Century of Progress World's Fair opens in Chicago, Illinois.
June 5 - The U.S. Congress abrogates the United States' use of the gold standard by enacting a joint resolution (48 Stat. 112) nullifying the right of creditors to demand payment in gold.
June 6 - The first drive-in theater opens, in Camden, New Jersey, United States.
June 17 - Union Station Massacre: in Kansas City, Missouri, four FBI agents and captured fugitive Frank Nash were gunned down by gangsters attempting to free Nash.
July 1 - The Canadian Parliament suspends all Chinese immigration.
July 6 - The first Major League Baseball All-Star Game is played in Chicago's Comiskey Park. The American League defeats the National League, 4-2.
July 14 - Gleichschaltung: In Germany, all political parties are outlawed except the Nazi Party.
July 17 - After successfully crossing the Atlantic Ocean, the Lithuanian research aircraft Lituanica crashes in Europe under mysterious circumstances.
July 20 - Vice-Chancellor of Germany Franz von Papen and Vatican Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli sign a concordat on behalf of their respective nations.
July 20 - In London, 500,000 march against anti-Semitism.
July 20 - Germany: Two-hundred Jewish merchants are arrested in Nuremberg and paraded through the streets.
July 22 - Wiley Post becomes the first person to fly solo around the world traveling 15,596 miles in 7 days, 18 hours and 45 minutes.
July 28 - Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Spain are established.
August 7 - The Iraqi Government slaughters over 3,000 Assyrians in the village of Sumail. The day becomes known as Assyrian Martyrs Day.
August 14 - Loggers cause a forest fire in the Coast Range of Oregon, later known as the first forest fire of the Tillamook Burn. It is extinguished on September 5, after destroying 240,000 acres (970 km²).
August 25 - The Diexi earthquake strikes Mao County, Sichuan, China and kills 9,000 people.
September 3 - Yevgeniy Abalakov reaches the highest point of the Soviet Union
September 12 - Leó Szilárd, waiting for a red light on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury, conceives the idea of the nuclear chain reaction.
October 10 - United Airlines Chesterton Crash: A United Airlines Boeing 247 is destroyed by sabotage, the first such proven case in the history of commercial aviation.
October 12 - The United States Army Disciplinary Barracks on Alcatraz Island, is acquired by the United States Department of Justice
October 14 - Nazi Germany withdraws from The League of Nations.
October 17 - Albert Einstein, fleeing Nazi Germany, moves to the U.S..
October 19 - Germany withdraws from the League of Nations.
November 7 - Fiorello H. La Guardia is elected the 99th mayor of New York City.
December 5 - Prohibition in the United States ends: Utah becomes the 36th U.S. state to ratify the Twenty-first Amendment to the United States Constitution, thus establishing the required 75% of states needed to enact the amendment (this overturned the 18th Amendment which had outlawed alcohol in the United States).
December 6 - U.S. federal judge John M. Woolsey rules that the James Joyce's novel Ulysses is not obscene.
December 26 - The Nissan Motor Company is organized in Tokyo, Japan.