Famous birthdays, deaths and events of 1937
January 1 - Adam Wiśniewski-Snerg, Polish author (d. 1995) January 3 - Seri Wangnaitham, Thai dancer and choreographer (d. 2007) January 4 - Grace Bumbry, American singer January 4 - Dyan Cannon, American actress January 6 - Doris Troy, American singer (d. 2004) January 6 - Paolo Conte, Italian singer January 8 - Dame Shirley Bassey, Welsh singer January 12 - Marie Dubois, French actress January 12 - Shirley Eaton, British actress January 12 - Vicente Sardinero, Spanish baritone (d. 2002) January 14 - Ken Higgs, English cricketer January 14 - Erland Kops, Danish badminton player January 14 - Shoban Babu, Indian actor January 15 - Margaret O'Brien, American actress January 16 - Lorraine Bayly, Australian actress January 16 - Luiz Bueno, Brazilian racing driver January 20 - Dorothy Provine, American singer January 22 - Joseph Wambaugh, American author January 25 - Judith Ann Mayotte, American humanitarian January 27 - John Ogdon, English pianist (d. 1989) January 30 - Vanessa Redgrave, English actress January 30 - Boris Spassky, Russian chess player January 31 - Regimantas Adomaitis, Lithuanian actor January 31 - Philip Glass, American composer January 31 - Suzanne Pleshette, American actress (d. 2008) February 1 - Don Everly, American musician (Everly Brothers) February 1 - Garrett Morris, American comedian February 1 - Ray Sawyer, American singer (Dr. Hook & the Medicine Show) February 2 - Don Buford, American February 2 - Remak Ramsay, American actor February 2 - Tom Smothers, American musician and comedian February 4 - David Newman, American filmmaker (d. 2003) February 5 - Stuart Damon, American actor February 5 - Gaston Roelants, Belgian athlete February 7 - Juan Pizarro, Major League Baseball pitcher February 8 - Manfred Krug, German actor February 9 - Clete Boyer, American baseball player (d. 2007) February 10 - Roberta Flack, American singer February 11 - Bill Lawry, Australian cricketer February 11 - Eddie Shack, Canadian ice hockey player February 12 - Charles Dumas, American athlete (d. 2004) February 13 - Ali El-Maak, Sudanese writer (d. 1992) February 15 - Gregory Mcdonald, American author February 19 - Robert "Bilbo" Walker Jr., American blues guitarist February 20 - Roger Penske, American racing driver February 20 - Nancy Wilson, American singer February 21 - Gary Lockwood, American actor February 25 - Tom Courtenay, English actor February 25 - Barbara Piasecka Johnson, widow of John Seward Johnson I February 26 - Hagood Hardy, Canadian musician and composer (d. 1997) February 27 - David Ackles, American singer songwriter (d. 1999) February 27 - Barbara Babcock, American actress March 1 - Jed Allan, American actor March 3 - Bobby Driscoll, American actor (d. 1968) March 4 - Graham Dowling, New Zealand cricketer March 4 - Leslie Gelb, American foreign policy advisor March 4 - Barney Wilen, French jazz saxophonist (d. 1996) March 6 - Ivan Boesky, American stock trader March 9 - Brian Redman, English racing driver March 10 - Joe Viterelli, American actor (d. 2004) March 11 - Carlos Larrañaga, Spanish actor March 16 - Amos Tversky, Israeli psychologist (d. 1996) March 17 - Rudy Ray Moore, American comedian and actor (Dolemite) (d. 2008) March 17 - Adam Wade, American singer and actor March 18 - Mark Donohue, American race car driver (d. 1975) March 18 - Rudi Altig, German cyclist March 19 - Clarence "Frogman" Henry, American musician March 20 - Jerry Reed, American singer and actor March 22 - Angelo Badalamenti, American composer March 22 - Armin Hary, German athlete March 23 - Craig Breedlove, American land speed record holder March 24 - Billy Stewart, American singer (d. 1970) March 26 - Wayne Embry, American basketball player March 29 - Billy Carter, brother of Jimmy Carter (d. 1988) March 30 - Warren Beatty, American actor and director April 2 - Dick Radatz, American baseball player (d. 2005) April 6 - Merle Haggard, American musician April 6 - Billy Dee Williams, American actor April 9 - Marty Krofft, Canadian children's television producer April 10 - Bella Akhmadulina, Russian poet April 13 - Edward Fox, English actor April 13 - Lanford Wilson, American playwright April 15 - Bob Luman, American country singer (d. 1978) April 19 - Elinor Donahue, American actress April 20 - George Takei, American actor April 22 - Jack Nicholson, American actor April 22 - Jack Nitzsche, American composer (d. 2000) April 24 - Joe Henderson, American jazz saxophonist (d. 2001) April 27 - Sandy Dennis, American actress (d. 1992) April 29 - Jill Paton Walsh, English writer May 1 - Una Stubbs, English actress May 2 - Lorenzo Music, American actor (d. 2001) May 3 - Nélida Piñon, Brazilian writer May 4 - Ron Carter, American jazz bassist May 4 - Dick Dale, American guitarist May 4 - Mr. Fuji, Former professional wrestler May 5 - Johnnie Taylor, American singer (d. 2000) May 6 - Rubin Carter, American boxer May 7 - Claude Raymond, Quebec baseball player May 8 - Thomas Pynchon, American novelist May 8 - Mike Cuellar, baseball player May 9 - David Prater, American singer (Sam & Dave) (d. 1988) May 10 - Tamara Press, Soviet athlete May 10 - Jim Hickman, American baseball player May 12 - Beryl Burton, British cyclist (d. 1996) May 12 - George Carlin, American comedian (d. 2008) May 12 - Susan Hampshire, British actress May 13 - Roch Carrier, Canadian novelist May 13 - Roger Zelazny, American author (d. 1995) May 13 - Zohra Lampert, American actress May 15 - Trini López, American musician May 16 - Yvonne Craig, American actress May 18 - Brooks Robinson, American baseball player May 19 - Pat Roach, English actor and wrestler (d. 2004) May 27 - Allan Carr, American film producer and writer (d. 1999) May 29 - Irmin Schmidt, German musician (Can) June 1 - Morgan Freeman, American actor June 1 - Rosaleen Linehan, Irish actress June 1 - Colleen McCullough, Australian novelist (The Thorn Birds) June 2 - Sally Kellerman, American actress June 2 - Jimmy Jones (singer), American singer and songwriter June 3 - Edward Winter, American actor (d. 2001) June 4 - Freddy Fender, American musician (d. 2006) June 4 - Robert Fulghum, American author June 4 - Gorilla Monsoon, American professional wrestler (d. 1999) June 4 - Mortimer Zuckerman, American publisher June 9 - Harald Rosenthal, German biologist June 11 - Robin Warren, Australian pathologist June 11 - Johnny Brown, American comic June 12 - Antal Festetics, Austrian biologist June 14 - Jørgen Leth, Danish film director June 15 - Waylon Jennings, American singer (d. 2002) June 16 - Erich Segal, American author June 16 - Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Tsar of Bulgaria June 18 - Wray Carlton, American football player June 20 - Jerry Keller, pop singer and songwriter June 23 - Niki Sullivan, American guitarist (The Crickets) June 26 - Sombat Metanee, Thai film actor June 28 - Richard Bright, American actor (d. 2006) June 28 - George Knudson, Canadian golfer (d. 1989) June 28 - Ron Luciano, American baseball umpire (d. 1995) July 2 - Polly Holliday, American actress July 2 - Richard Petty, American race car driver July 3 - Tom Stoppard, Czech-born July 6 - Ned Beatty, American actor July 6 - Gene Chandler, American singer July 7 - Tung Chee-Hwa, Hong Kong administrator July 11 - Pai Hsien-yung, Taiwanese writer July 12 - Bill Cosby, American comedian and actor July 12 - Michel Louvain, French Canadian singer July 19 - George Hamilton IV, American country singer July 20 - Ken Ogata, Japanese actor (d. 2008) July 22 - Yasuhiro Kojima, Japanese professional wrestler (d. 1999) July 22 - John Price, Former England cricketer July 22 - Vasant Ranjane, Former Indian cricketer July 23 - Dave Webster, Led his football team to a National Championship in 1958 July 24 - Manoj Kumar, Indian actor July 25 - Colin Renfrew, English archeologist July 27 - Don Galloway, American actor July 28 - Francis Veber, French film director and screenwriter August 2 - Billy Cannon, American football player August 2 - Garth Hudson, Canadian musician (The Band) August 3 - Steven Berkoff, English actor August 3 - Duncan Sharpe, Former Pakistani cricketer August 4 - David Bedford, English musician August 6 - Baden Powell de Aquino, Brazilian guitarist (d. 2000) August 6 - Barbara Windsor, English actress August 7 - Don Wilson, England cricketer August 8 - Dustin Hoffman, American actor August 12 - Walter Dean Myers, African-American author August 20 - Jim Bowen, English comedian August 20 - El Fary, Spanish singer and actor (d. 2007) August 20 - Andrei Konchalovsky, Russian film director August 21 - Robert Stone, American novelist August 27 - Alice Coltrane, American jazz musician (d. 2007) August 27 - Tommy Sands, American actor and singer August 31 - Warren Berlinger, American actor August 31 - Bobby Parker, American blues musician/guitarist September 1 - Al Geiberger, American golfer September 1 - Ron O'Neal, American actor September 2 - Derek Fowlds, British actor September 4 - Dawn Fraser, Australian swimmer September 4 - Mikk Mikiver, Estonian actor and director (d. 2006) September 5 - Antonio Valentin Angelillo, Argentinian footballer September 5 - Colin Wesley, South African cricketer September 5 - William Devane, American actor September 6 - Sergio Aragon¨¦s, Spanish-born illustrator September 6 - Brigid Berlin, American actor September 6 - Jo Anne Worley, American actress September 7 - John Phillip Law, American actor (d. 2008) September 7 - Cüneyt Arkın, Turkish film actor September 8 - Barbara Frum, Canadian news anchor (d. 1992) September 8 - Virna Lisi, Italian actress September 10 - Jared Diamond, American biologist and author September 11 - Queen Paola Ruffo di Calabria of Belgium, September 11 - Robert Crippen, American astronaut September 12 - George Chuvalo, Canadian boxer September 13 - Don Bluth, American animator September 15 - Robert Lucas, Jr. September 16 - Alexander Medved, Russian wrestler September 17 - Orlando Cepeda, Puerto Rican Major League Baseball player September 18 - Ralph Backstrom, Canadian ice hockey player September 19 - Abner Haynes, American football player September 20 - Monica Zetterlund, Swedish actress and singer (d. 2005) September 26 - Jerry Weintraub, American film producer September 28 - Rod Roddy, American television announcer (d. 2003) September 30 - Valentin Silvestrov, Ukrainian composer October 2 - Johnnie L. Cochran Jr., American attorney (d. 2005) October 4 - Jackie Collins, British author October 9 - Brian Blessed, English actor October 11 - Sir Bobby Charlton, English footballer October 11 - R. H. W. Dillard, American poet October 12 - Paul Hawkins, Australian racing driver (d. 1969) October 13 - Sami Frey, French actor October 17 - Paxton Whitehead, English actor October 18 - Cynthia Weil, American songwriter October 19 - Marilyn Bell, Canadian swimmer October 20 - Juan Marichal, Dominican baseball player October 20 - Wanda Jackson, American rock and rockabilly singer October 22 - Manos Loïzos, Greek composer (d. 1982) October 24 - Santo Farina, American musician and composer (Santo & Johnny) October 27 - Lara Parker, American actress October 30 - Claude Lelouch, French film director October 31 - Tom Paxton, American singer-songwriter November 1 - Bill Anderson, American country music singer and songwriter November 2 - Earl Carroll, lead vocalist of The Cadillacs November 4 - Loretta Swit, American actress November 5 - Harris Yulin, American actor November 6 - Joe Warfield, American actor November 7 - Mary Travers, American folk singer (Peter November 9 - Roger McGough, English poet November 10 - Albert Hall, American actor November 14 - Murray Oliver, Canadian ice hockey player November 15 - Little Willie John, American singer (d. 1968) November 15 - Yaphet Kotto, American actor November 17 - Peter Cook, British comedian (d. 1995) November 20 - Ruth Laredo, American pianist (d. 2005) November 20 - Eero Mäntyranta, Finnish cross-country skier November 20 - Viktoriya Tokareva, Russian playwright November 21 - Marlo Thomas, American actress November 27 - Gail Sheehy, American writer November 30 - Ridley Scott, British film director November 30 - Adeline Yen Mah, Chinese Writer November 30 - Frank Ifield, Australian/British singer November 30 - Tom Simpson, British cyclist (d. 1967) December 1 - Muriel Costa-Greenspon, American mezzo-soprano (d. 2005) December 1 - Chuck Low, American actor December 3 - Bobby Allison, American race car driver December 3 - Binod Bihari Verma, Indian linguist December 4 - Max Baer, Jr. December 6 - Alberto Spencer, Ecuadorian footballer (d. 2006) December 8 - James MacArthur, American actor December 9 - Darwin Joston, American actor (d. 1998) December 11 - Jim Harrison, American writer December 12 - Buford Pusser, American sheriff (d. 1974) December 13 - Ron Taylor, Canadian baseball player December 16 - Joyce Bulifant, American actress December 17 - John Kennedy Toole, American novelist (d. 1969) December 21 - Jane Fonda, American actress December 22 - Eduard Uspensky, Russian writer December 23 - Edward Irving Wortis, American author December 23 - Barney Rosenzweig, American television producer December 24 - Félix Miéli Venerando, Brazilian football player December 25 - O'Kelly Isley, Jr. December 26 - Jay Heimowitz, American poker player December 29 - Wayne Huizenga, American football team owner December 29 - Barbara Steele, British actress December 30 - Gordon Banks, English footballer December 30 - John Hartford, American musician (d. 2001) December 30 - Jim Marshall, American football player December 30 - Noel Paul Stookey, American folk singer (Peter December 31 - Avram Hershko, Israeli biologist December 31 - Sir Anthony Hopkins, Welsh actor
January 5 - Marie Booth, child of William and Catherine Booth (b. 1864) January 6 - André Besette, Canadian religious figure (b. 1845) January 14 - Jaishankar Prasad, Hindi poet January 21 - Marie Prevost, Canadian actress (b. 1898) February 3 - Marija Leiko, Latvian film actress (b. 1887) February 5 - Lou Andreas-Salome, Russian-born writer (b. 1861) March 8 - Howie Morenz, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1902) March 9 - Paul Elmer More, American critic and essayist (b. 1864) March 10 - Yevgeny Zamyatin, Russian writer (b. 1884) March 12 - Charles-Marie Widor, French organist and composer (b. 1844) March 12 - Jenő Hubay, Hungarian violinist (b. 1858) March 15 - H. P. Lovecraft, American writer (b. 1890) March 29 - Karol Szymanowski, Polish composer (b. 1882) April 17 - Yi Sang, Korean Poet (b. 1910) April 25 - Micha³ Drzyma³a, Polish rebel (b. 1857) April 29 - William Gillette, American actor (b. 1853) May 1 - Snitz Edwards, American actor (b. 1868) May 4 - Noel Rosa, Brazilian songwriter (b. 1910) May 10 - William Tedmarsh, silent movie actor (b. 1876) May 13 - Ekaterina Geladze, mother of Joseph Stalin (b. 1858) May 28 - Alfred Adler, Austrian psychologist (b. 1870) June 2 - Louis Vierne, French organist and composer (b. 1870) June 7 - Jean Harlow, American actress (b. 1911) June 19 - J. M. Barrie, Scottish author (b. 1860) June 25 - Colin Clive, British actor (b. 1900) July 11 - George Gershwin, American composer (b. 1898) July 18 - Julian Bell, British poet (b. 1908) August 11 - Edith Wharton, American author (b. 1862) August 23 - Albert Roussel, French composer (b. 1869) September 10 - Sergei Tretyakov, Russian writer (b. 1892) September 26 - Bessie Smith, American singer (b. 1894) September 29 - Ray Ewry, American athlete (b. 1873) October 16 - Jean de Brunhoff, French writer (b. 1899) October 19 - Ernest Rutherford, 1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson November 14 - Jack O'Connor, American baseball player (b. 1869) November 17 - Jack Worrall, Australian cricketer (b. 1860) November 23 - George Albert Boulenger, Belgian naturalist (b. 1858) December 28 - Maurice Ravel, French composer (b. 1875) December 29 - Don Marquis, American author (b. 1878)
January 1 - Safety glass in vehicle windscreens becomes mandatory in Great Britain. January 19 - Howard Hughes sets a new air record by flying from Los Angeles, California to New York City in 7 hours, 28 minutes, 25 seconds. January 20 - Franklin Roosevelt is inaugurated for a second term as President of the United States. This is the first inauguration scheduled on January 20, following adoption of the 20th Amendment. Previous inaugurations were scheduled on March 4. January 23 - In Moscow, 17 leading Communists go on trial accused of participating in a plot led by Leon Trotsky to overthrow Joseph Stalin's regime and assassinate its leaders. January 25 - The Guiding Light airs on radio for the first time. Also went to television making this show the longest running broadcast program in United States radio and television history. February 11 - A sit-down strike ends when General Motors recognizes the United Auto Workers Union. February 16 - Wallace H. Carothers receives a patent for nylon. February 19 - During a public ceremony at the Viceregal Palace (the former Imperial residence) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, two Eritrean nationalists attempt to kill viceroy Rodolfo Graziani with a number of grenades. February 21 - Initial flight of the first successful flying car, Waldo Waterman's Arrowbile. February 21 - The League of Nations bans foreign national "volunteers" in the Spanish Civil War. March 2 - The Steel Workers Organizing Committee signs a surprise collective bargaining agreement with U.S. Steel, leading to unionization of the United States steel industry. March 18 - The New London School explosion kills three hundred, mostly children. March 18 - Spanish Civil War: Spanish Republican forces defeat the Italians at the Battle of Guadalajara. March 18 - The human-powered aircraft, Pedaliante, flies 1 kilometre (0.62 miles) outside Milan. March 21 - Ponce Massacre: 18 people and a 7-yr-old girl in Ponce, Puerto Rico are gunned down by a police squad acting under orders of US-appointed PR Governor, Blanton C. Winship. April 1 - Aden becomes a British crown colony. April 9 - The Kamikaze arrives at Croydon Airport in London April 12 - Sir Frank Whittle ground-tests the first jet engine designed to power an aircraft at Rugby, England. April 26 - Spanish Civil War: Guernica, Spain is bombed by German Luftwaffe. April 30 - The Philippines holds a plebiscite for Filipino women on whether they should be extended the right to suffrage; over 90% would vote in the affirmative. May 3 - Gone with the Wind, a novel by Margaret Mitchell, wins the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. May 6 - Hindenburg disaster: The German zeppelin Hindenburg catches fire and is destroyed within a minute while attempting to dock at Lakehurst, New Jersey. Thirty-six people are killed. May 7 - Spanish Civil War: The German Condor Legion, equipped with Heinkel He 51 biplanes, arrives in Spain to assist Francisco Franco's forces. May 12 - Coronation of King George VI of Britain at Westminster Abbey. May 21 - A Soviet station becomes the first scientific research settlement to operate on the drift ice of the Arctic Ocean. May 27 - In California, the Golden Gate Bridge opens to pedestrian traffic, creating a vital link between San Francisco and Marin County, California. May 28 - The Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, California, is officially opened by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in Washington, DC, who pushes a button signaling the start of vehicle traffic over the span. May 28 - Neville Chamberlain becomes British Prime Minister. June 3 - The Duke of Windsor marries Wallis Simpson. June 11 - Great Purge: The Soviet Union executes eight army leaders under Joseph Stalin. June 14 - Pennsylvania becomes the first (and only) state of the United States to celebrate Flag Day officially as a state holiday. June 14 - U. S. House of Representatives passes the 1937 Marihuana Tax Act. June 29 - Joseph-Armand Bombardier of Canada receives patent for sprocket and track traction system used in snow vehicles. July 2 - Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan are last heard from over the Pacific Ocean while attempting to make the first equatorial round-the-world flight. July 5 - Spam, the luncheon meat, was introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation. July 5 - Highest recorded temperature in Canada, at Yellow Grass, Saskatchewan: 45°C (113°F). July 7 - Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Lugou Bridge July 22 - New Deal: the United States Senate votes down President Franklin D. Roosevelt's proposal to add more justices to the Supreme Court of the United States. July 24 - Alabama drops rape charges against the so-called "Scottsboro Boys". July 26 - End of the Battle of Brunete in the Spanish Civil War. July 29 - Tongzhou Incident August 1 - Tito reads the resolution "Manifesto of constitutional congress of KPH" to the constitutive congress of KPH (Croatian Communist Party) in woods near Samobor. August 2 - The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 is passed in America, essentially rendering marijuana and all its by-products illegal. August 13 - Battle of Shanghai begins. August 14 - The beginning of air-to-air combat of the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II in general, when 6 Imperial Japanese Mitsubishi G3M bombers are shot down by the Nationalist Chinese Air Force while raiding Chinese air bases. 14 August has thus become acknowledged and celebrated as Chinese Air Force Day. August 24 - In the Spanish Civil War, the Basque Army surrenders to the Italian Corpo Truppe Volontarie following the Santoña Agreement. August 28 - Toyota Motors becomes an independent company. September 5 - Spanish Civil War: Llanes falls. September 6 - Spanish Civil War: The start of the Battle of El Mazuco. September 21 - J. R. R. Tolkien's The Hobbit is published. September 22 - Spanish Civil War: Peña Blanca is taken; the end of the Battle of El Mazuco. September 27 - Balinese Tiger declared extinct. November 1 - Stalinists executed by shooting Pastor Paul Hamberg and seven members of Azerbaijan's Lutheran community (including three women). November 5 - World War II: Adolf Hitler holds a secret meeting and states his plans for acquiring "living space" for the German people. November 8 - The Nazi exhibition Der ewige Jude ("The Eternal Jew") opens in Munich. November 9 - Japanese troops take control of Shanghai, China. December 9 - Second Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Nanjing December 11 - Second Italo-Abyssinian War: Italy leaves the League of Nations. December 12 - Panay incident: Japanese aircraft shell and sink US gunboat Panay on the Yangtze River in China. December 13 - Second Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Nanjing December 13 - Nanjing Massacre. Japanese troops begin carrying out several weeks of raping and killing of civilians and suspected Chinese resistance after the fall of Nanjing. December 16 - Theodore Cole and Ralph Roe attempt to escape from the American federal prison on Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay; neither is ever seen again. December 22 - The Lincoln Tunnel opens to traffic in New York City. December 23 - First flight of the Vickers Wellington bomber. December 29 - The Irish Free State is replaced by a new state called Ireland with the adoption of a new constitution.