Famous birthdays, deaths and events of April 1
1543 - François de Bonne, duc de Lesdiguières 1697 - Antoine François Prévost, French author and novelist (d. 1763) 1765 - Luigi Schiavonetti, Italian engraver (d. 1810) 1815 - Otto von Bismarck, 1st Chancellor of Germany (d. 1898) 1866 - Ferruccio Busoni, Italian pianist and composer (d. 1924) 1873 - Sergei Rachmaninoff, Russian composer 1875 - Edgar Wallace, English writer (d. 1932) 1882 - Paul Anspach, Belgian Olympic champion fencer (d. 1991) 1883 - Lon Chaney, Sr. 1885 - Wallace Beery, American actor (d. 1949) 1893 - Cicely Courtneidge, English actress and comedian (d. 1980) 1895 - Alberta Hunter, American singer (d. 1984) 1897 - Nita Naldi, American actress (d. 1961) 1898 - William James Sidis, American genius (d. 1944) 1901 - Whittaker Chambers, American writer 1902 - Maria Polydouri, Greek poet (d. 1930) 1908 - Abraham Maslow, American psychologist (d. 1970) 1914 - Lor Tok, Thai comedian and actor (d. 2002) 1915 - Otto Wilhelm Fischer, Austrian actor (d. 2004) 1917 - Melville Shavelson, American film director 1919 - Joseph Murray, American surgeon 1920 - Toshirō Mifune, Japanese actor (d. 1997) 1921 - Ken Reardon, Canadian ice hockey player 1924 - Miodrag Petrović, Serbian actor (d. 2003) 1926 - Anne McCaffrey, American author 1927 - Amos Milburn, American pianist (d. 1980) 1928 - George Grizzard, American actor (d. 2007) 1929 - Milan Kundera, Czech-born writer 1929 - Payut Ngaokrachang, Thai animator 1929 - Jane Powell, American dancer 1930 - Grace Lee Whitney, American actress 1931 - Rolf Hochhuth, German writer 1931 - Ita Ever, Estonian actress 1932 - Gordon Jump, American actor (d. 2003) 1932 - Debbie Reynolds, American actress 1934 - Don Hastings, American actor 1934 - Rod Kanehl, American baseball player (d. 2004) 1938 - Ali MacGraw, American actress 1938 - John Quade, American actor 1939 - Phil Niekro, American baseball player 1939 - Rudolph Isley, American singer 1940 - Wangari Maathai, Kenyan environmentalist 1942 - Samuel R. Delany, American author 1942 - Annie Nightingale, British disc jockey 1944 - Rusty Staub, American baseball player 1945 - John Barbata, American drummer 1946 - Ronnie Lane, English musician (d. 1997) 1947 - M, English singer 1947 - Norm Van Lier, American basketball player 1948 - Jimmy Cliff, Jamaican musician 1949 - Sammy Nelson, Northern Irish footballer 1949 - Gil Scott-Heron, American musician and composer 1950 - Samuel Alito, U.S. Supreme Court Justice 1952 - Annette O'Toole, American actress 1953 - Barry Sonnenfeld, producer and director 1954 - Jeff Porcaro, American drummer (d. 1992) 1955 - Gregg Jarrett, American television anchor 1957 - David Gower, English cricketer 1958 - D. Boon, American musician d. (1985) 1960 - Michael Praed, British actor 1962 - Dave Ulliott, English poker player 1962 - Samboy Lim, Filipino basketball player 1964 - Kevin Duckworth, American basketball player (d. 2008) 1964 - Scott Stevens, Canadian ice hockey player 1965 - Mark Jackson, American basketball player 1965 - Robert Steadman, English composer 1966 - Chris Evans, English disc jockey 1967 - Phil Demmel, American musician 1968 - Andreas Schnaas, German horror film director 1968 - Julia Boutros, Lebanese singer 1969 - Fadl Shaker, Lebanese singer 1970 - Sung Hi Lee, Korean-born model 1971 - Method Man, American rapper 1971 - Jessica Collins, American actress 1971 - Lachy Hulme, Australian actor and screenwriter 1971 - Shinji Nakano, Japanese race car driver 1972 - Allen and Albert Hughes, American film directors 1972 - Darren McCarty, Canadian ice hockey player 1972 - Jesse Tobias, American musician 1973 - Christian Finnegan, American comedian 1973 - Stephen Fleming, New Zealand cricketer 1973 - Rachel Maddow, American radio personality and political analyst 1973 - Joe Francis, American adult video producer 1974 - Richard Christy, American drummer 1974 - Hugo Benjamín Ibarra, Argentine footballer 1974 - Sandra Völker, German swimmer 1975 - George Bastl, Swiss tennis player 1975 - John Butler, Australian singer and musician 1976 - David Oyelowo, English-Nigerian actor 1977 - Haimar Zubeldia, Spanish cyclist 1978 - Jean-Pierre Dumont, Canadian ice hockey player 1978 - Miroslava Vavrinec, Swiss tennis player 1979 - Ivano Balić, Croatian handballer 1980 - Randy Orton, American professional wrestler 1980 - Bijou Phillips, American actress 1980 - Yūko Takeuchi, Japanese actress 1981 - Antonis Fotsis, Greek basketball player 1981 - Hannah Spearritt, British singer 1981 - Pieter Weening, Dutch cyclist 1981 - Aimee Chan, Miss Hong Kong 2006 1981 - Bjoern Einar Romoeren, Norwegian skijumper 1982 - Sam Huntington, American actor 1982 - Gemma Hunt, British children's television presenter 1982 - Taran Killam, American comedian and actor 1983 - Ólafur Ingi Skúlason, Icelandic footballer 1983 - Sean Taylor, American football player (d. 2007) 1983 - Matt Lanter, American actor and model 1984 - Gilberto Macena, Brazilian footballer 1984 - Olga Rei, Russian television personality 1985 - Josh Zuckerman, American actor 1986 - Ireen Wüst, Dutch speed skater 1987 - Ding Junhui, Chinese snooker player 1987 - Li Ting, Chinese diver 1988 - Courtney McCool, American gymnast 1988 - Brook Lopez, American basketball player 1988 - Robin Lopez, American basketball player 1989 - Vietoris Krisztián, German racecar driver
1204 - Eleanor of Aquitaine, mother of Richard I of England and John of England 1528 - Francisco de Peñalosa, Spanish composer 1580 - Alonso Mudarra, Spanish composer 1637 - Niwa Nagashige, Japanese warlord (b. 1571) 1791 - Richard Butler American soldier, (b. 1743) 1865 - Giuditta Pasta, Italian soprano (b. 1797) 1914 - Rube Waddell, American baseball player (b. 1876) 1917 - Scott Joplin, American musician and composer (b. 1868) 1930 - Cosima Wagner, daughter of Franz Liszt and wife of Richard Wagner (b. 1837) 1946 - Noah Beery, American actor (b. 1882) 1965 - Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics manufacturer (b. 1870) 1966 - Flann O'Brien, Irish humorist (b. 1911) 1979 - Bruno Coquatrix, French music impresario (b. 1910) 1979 - Barbara Luddy, American actress (b. 1908) 1984 - Marvin Gaye, American singer (b. 1939) 1985 - Douglass Wallop, American novelist and playwright (b. 1920) 1986 - Erik Bruhn, Danish ballet dancer 1988 - Jim Jordan, American actor (Fibber McGee) (b. 1896) 1991 - Martha Graham, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1894) 1993 - Alan Kulwicki, American race car driver (b. 1954) 1995 - Lucy Rie, American potter (b. 1902) 1996 - Florence Buchsbaum, French theater director (b. 1926) 1996 - John McSherry, American baseball umpire (b. 1944) 1997 - Norman Carr, British conservationist (b. 1912) 1998 - Gene Evans, American actor (b. 1922) 1998 - Rozz Williams, American musician (Christian Death) (b. 1963) 1999 - Jesse Stone, American record producer (b. 1901) 2000 - Alexander Mackenzie Stuart, Baron Mackenzie-Stuart 2001 - Olivia Barclay, British astrologer (b. 1919) 2001 - Jo-Jo Moore, American baseball player (b. 1908) 2001 - Trinh Cong Son, Vietnamese composer (b. 1939) 2002 - Simo Hayha, Finnish marksman (b. 1905) 2003 - Leslie Cheung, Hong Kong actor and singer (b. 1956) 2004 - Carrie Snodgress, American actress (b. 1946) 2004 - Nilo Soruco, Bolivian songwriter (b. 1927) 2005 - Alexander Brott, Canadian violinist and composer (b. 1915) 2005 - Jack Keller, American songwriter (b. 1936) 2007 - Herb Carneal, American sports broadcaster (b. 1923) 2009 - Natalia Trauberg, 80, Russian translator. 2009 - Miguel Ángel Suárez, 69, Puerto Rican actor, esophageal cancer. 2009 - Elaine Cancilla Orbach, 69, American actress, pneumonia. 2009 - Duane Jarvis, 51, American singer-songwriter, colon cancer. 2009 - Pedro Infante, Jr., 59, Mexican actor and singer, son of Pedro Infante, pneumonia. 2009 - Margreta Elkins, 78, Australian mezzo-soprano, cancer. 2009 - Umberto Betti, 87, Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. 2009 - Marga Barbu, 80, Romanian actress, heart failure. 2009 - Arne Andersson, 91, Swedish middle distance runner. 2010 - John Forsythe, American actor (born 1918) 2012 - Giorgio Chinaglia, Italian Footballer (b. 1947)
1318 - Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by the Scottish from the English. 1340 - Niels Ebbesen kills Gerhard III of Holstein in his bedroom, ending the 1332-1340 interregnum in Denmark. 1572 - In the Eighty Years' War, the Watergeuzen capture Brielle from the Spaniards, gaining the first foothold on land for what would become the Dutch Republic. 1789 - In New York City, the United States House of Representatives holds its first quorum and elects Frederick Muhlenberg of Pennsylvania as its first House Speaker. 1826 - Samuel Morey patents the internal combustion engine. 1854 - Hard Times begins serialisation in Charles Dickens magazine, Household Words. 1857 - Herman Melville publishes The Confidence-Man. 1865 - American Civil War: Battle of Five Forks 1867 - Singapore becomes a British crown colony. 1873 - The British steamer SS Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia, killing 547. 1891 - The Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago, Illinois. 1912 - The Greek athlete Konstantinos Tsiklitiras breaks the world record -in standing long jump jumping 3.47 meters. 1918 - The Royal Air Force is created by merging the Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service. 1924 - Adolf Hitler is sentenced to five years in jail for his participation in the "Beer Hall Putsch". However, he spends only nine months in jail, during which he writes the book Mein Kampf. 1924 - First revenue flight for Belgium's Sabena Airlines 1924 - The Royal Canadian Air Force is formed. 1933 - The recently elected Nazis under Julius Streicher organize a one-day boycott of all Jewish-owned businesses in Germany, ushering in the series of anti-Semitic acts that will gradually, yet ultimately lead to the Holocaust. 1936 - Orissa Formerly known as Kalinga or Utkal became a state in India. 1937 - Aden becomes a British crown colony. 1939 - Generalísimo Francisco Franco of the Spanish State announces the end of the Spanish Civil War, when the last of the Republican forces surrender. 1941 - The Blockade Runner Badge for German navy is instituted. 1944 - Accidental American bombing of the Swiss city of Schaffhausen. The bombers were lost. 1945 - World War II: Operation Iceberg 1946 - Aleutian Island earthquake: A 7.8 magnitude earthquake near the Aleutian Islands creates a tsunami that strikes the Hawaiian Islands killing 159 (mostly in Hilo, Hawaii). 1946 - Formation of the Malayan Union. 1948 - Cold War: Berlin Airlift 1948 - Faroe Islands receive autonomy from Denmark. 1949 - Chinese Civil War: Communist Party of China holds unsuccessful peace talks with the Kuomintang in Beijing, after three years of fighting. 1949 - The twenty-six counties of the Irish Free State become the Republic of Ireland. 1954 - President Dwight D. Eisenhower authorizes the creation of the United States Air Force Academy in Colorado. 1955 - The EOKA rebellion against The British Empire starts in Cyprus, with the goal of obtaining the desired unification ("enosis") with Greece. 1967 - The United States Department of Transportation begins operation. 1969 - The Hawker Siddeley Harrier enters service with the RAF. 1970 - President Richard Nixon signs the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act into law, requiring the Surgeon General's warnings on tobacco products and banning cigarette advertisements on television and radio in the United States starting on January 1, 1971. 1973 - Project Tiger, a tiger conservation project, is launched in the Corbett National Park, India. 1974 - In the United Kingdom, the Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties come into being. 1976 - Apple Computer is formed by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak. 1976 - Conrail takes over operations from six bankrupt railroads in the northeastern U.S.. 1976 - Jovian-Plutonian gravitational effect is first reported by the astronomer Patrick Moore. 1978 - Philippine College of Commerce, through a presidential decree, becomes the Polytechnic University of the Philippines. 1979 - Iran's government becomes an Islamic Republic by a 98% vote, officially overthrowing the Shah. 1980 - New York City's Transit Worker Union 100 begins a strike lasting 11 days. 1981 - Daylight saving time is introduced in the USSR. 1989 - Margaret Thatcher's new local government tax, the Community Charge (commonly known as the 'poll tax'), is introduced in Scotland. 1996 - The Halifax Regional Municipality in Nova Scotia is created. 1999 - Nunavut is established as a Canadian territory carved out of the eastern part of the Northwest Territories. 2001 - An EP-3E United States Navy plane collides with a Chinese People's Liberation Army fighter jet. The Navy crew makes an emergency landing in Hainan, People's Republic of China and is detained. See Hainan Island incident. 2001 - Former president of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Slobodan Milošević surrenders to police special forces, to be tried on charges of war crimes. 2001 - Same-sex marriage becomes legal in the Netherlands, which is the first country to allow it. 2002 - The Netherlands legalizes euthanasia, becoming the first nation in the world to do so. 2004 - Google introduces its Gmail product to the public. The launch is met with scepticism on account of the launch date. 2006 - The Serious Organised Crime Agency, dubbed the 'British FBI', is created in the United Kingdom. 2009 - Albania and Croatia join NATO.