Famous birthdays, deaths and events of April 8
1533 - Claudio Merulo, Italian composer (d. 1604) 1692 - Giuseppe Tartini, Italian composer (d. 1770) 1826 - Pancha Carrasco, Costa Rican war heroine (d. 1890) 1869 - Harvey Cushing, American neuorosurgeon (d. 1939) 1871 - Clarence Hudson White American photographer, (d. 1925) 1883 - R. P. Keigwin, English academic (d. 1972) 1892 - Mary Pickford, Canadian actress (d. 1979) 1896 - Yip Harburg, American lyricist (d. 1981) 1904 - Hirsch Jacobs, American thoroughbred horse trainer and owner (d.1970) 1905 - Erwin Keller, German field hockey player (d. 1971) 1908 - Hugo Fregonese, Argentine film director (d. 1987) 1910 - George Musso, American football player (d. 2000) 1912 - Alois Brunner, Austrian Nazi 1912 - Sonja Henie, Norwegian figure skater and actress (d. 1969) 1914 - María Félix, Mexican actress (d. 2002) 1918 - Glendon Swarthout, American author (d. 1992) 1920 - Carmen McRae, American jazz singer (d. 1994) 1921 - Alfie Bass, English actor (d. 1987) 1921 - Jan Novák, Czech composer (d. 1984) 1923 - Edward Mulhare, Irish actor (d. 1997) 1924 - Frédéric Back, German-born Canadian short film director and screenwriter 1926 - Shecky Greene, American comedian 1929 - Walter Berry, Austrian bass-baritone (d. 2000) 1929 - Jacques Brel, Belgian singer/composer (d. 1978) 1933 - Fred Ebb, American composer (d. 2004) 1940 - John Havlicek, American basketball player 1941 - Darlene Gillespie, Canadian-born American actress 1941 - Peggy Lennon, American singer (The Lennon Sisters) 1942 - Roger Chapman, British rock singer (Family 1942 - Douglas Trumbull, American film director 1943 - Michael Bennett, American dancer/choreographer (d. 1987) 1943 - Miller Farr, American football player 1944 - Hywel Bennett, Welsh actor 1945 - Derrick Walker, British racing team owner 1946 - Catfish Hunter, American baseball player (d. 1999) 1946 - Stuart Pankin, American actor 1946 - Tim Thomerson, American actor 1947 - Steve Howe, English guitarist (Yes 1947 - Robert Kiyosaki, American investor 1947 - Larry Norman, American singer/songwriter 1949 - John Madden, English film director 1949 - Brenda Russell, American singer/songwriter 1950 - Grzegorz Lato, Polish footballer 1954 - G.V. Loganathan, American professor (d. 2007) 1954 - Gary Carter, American baseball player 1955 - Ricky Bell, American football player (d. 1984) 1955 - Kane Hodder, American actor and stuntman 1955 - Barbara Kingsolver, American novelist 1956 - Christine Boisson, French actress 1956 - Jim Piddock, English actor 1957 - Fred Smerlas, American football player 1960 - John Schneider, American actor 1961 - Richard Hatch, American reality television personality 1962 - Izzy Stradlin, American musician (Guns N' Roses) 1963 - Julian Lennon, English musician and singer 1963 - Alec Stewart, English cricketer 1964 - Lisa Guerrero, American sports broadcaster 1964 - Biz Markie, American rapper/disc jockey 1964 - John McGinlay, Scottish footballer 1966 - Mark Blundell, British racing driver 1966 - Mazinho, Brazilian footballer 1966 - Bobby Ologun, Nigerian television personality 1966 - Robin Wright Penn, American actress 1967 - Arwyn Davies, Welsh actor 1968 - Patricia Arquette, American actress 1968 - Patricia Girard-Léno, French athlete (100 m hurdles) 1968 - Tracy Grammer, American folk singer 1972 - Paul Gray, American bassist (Slipknot) 1973 - Khaled Badra, Tunisian footballer 1973 - Emma Caulfield, American actress 1973 - Alex S. Gonzalez, American baseball player 1974 - Chino XL, American rapper 1974 - Holger Hott Johansen, Norwegian orienteerist 1974 - Nnedi Okorafor-Mbachu, Nigerian American writer 1975 - Anouk, Dutch singer 1975 - Timo Pérez, Dominican baseball player 1977 - Mark Spencer, American computer programmer 1978 - Ana de la Reguera, Mexican actress 1978 - Bernt Haas, Swiss footballer 1979 - Jeremy Guthrie, American baseball player 1979 - Alexi Laiho, Finnish guitarist and singer (Children of Bodom 1980 - Manuel Ortega, Austrian singer 1980 - Katee Sackhoff, American actress 1981 - Brian Burres, American baseball player 1981 - Taylor Kitsch, Canadian actor and model 1982 - Judy Star, Canadian porn star 1983 - Allu Arjun, Indian film actor 1983 - Adrian Bellani, American actor 1984 - Júlia Liptáková, Slovakian model 1984 - Taran Noah Smith, American actor 1984 - Kirsten Storms, American actress 1986 - Igor Akinfeev, Russian footballer 1986 - Félix Hernández, Venezuelan baseball player 1986 - Erika Sawajiri, Japanese actress 1987 - Royston Drenthe, Dutch footballer 1989 - Hitomi Takahashi, Japanese singer 1992 - Shelby Young, American actress
1587 - John Foxe, English writer (b. 1516) 1704 - Hiob Ludolf, German orientalist (b. 1624) 1735 - Francis II Rákóczi, leader of the Hungarian uprising against the Habsburg (b. March 27 1848 - Gaetano Donizetti, Italian composer (b. 1797) 1861 - Elisha Otis, American elevator builder (b. 1811) 1870 - Charles de Bériot, Belgian composer (b. 1802) 1920 - Charles Tomlinson Griffes, American composer (b. 1884) 1931 - Erik Axel Karlfeldt, Swedish writer 1942 - Kostas Skarvelis, Greek songwriter (b. 1880) 1950 - Vaslav Nijinsky, Polish-born ballet dancer (b. 1890) 1958 - Ethel Turner, Australian author (b. 1872) 1965 - Lars Hanson, Swedish actor (b. 1886) 1978 - Ford Frick, American baseball commissioner (b. 1894) 1985 - J. Fred Coots, American songwriter (b. 1897) 1986 - Yukiko Okada, Japanese idol singer (b. 1967) 1991 - Dead (musician), Swedish metal singer (b. 1969) 1992 - Daniel Bovet, Swiss-born pharmacologist 1993 - Marian Anderson, American contralto (b. 1897) 1994 - François Rozet, French Canadian actor (b. 1899) 1996 - Ben Johnson, American actor (b. 1918) 1996 - León Klimovsky, Argentine film director (b. 1906) 1997 - Laura Nyro, American singer and composer (b. 1947) 2000 - Claire Trevor, American actress (b. 1910) 2002 - María Félix, Mexican actress (b. 1914) 2004 - Enda Colleran, Gaelic footballer (b. 1941) 2005 - Eddie Miksis, American baseball player (b. 1926) 2005 - Onna White, Canadian choreographer (b. 1924) 2006 - Gerard Reve, Dutch writer (b. 1923) 2008 - Timothy Beaumont, Baron Beaumont of Whitley (b. 1928) 2008 - Stanley Kamel, American actor (b. 1943) 2009 - David Winans, 74, American gospel singer, heart attack. 2009 - Piotr Morawski, 32, Polish mountain climber, fall. 2009 - Jane Bryan, 90, American actress, after long illness. 2009 - Lennie Bennett, 70, British comedian and game show host (Lucky Ladders), after short illness.
1093 - The new Winchester Cathedral is dedicated by Walkelin. 1139 - Roger II of Sicily is excommunicated. 1271 - In Syria, sultan Baybars conquers the Krak of Chevaliers. 1513 - Explorer Juan Ponce de León declares Florida a territory of Spain. 1730 - Shearith Israel, the first synagogue in New York City, is dedicated. 1767 - Ayutthaya kingdom falls to Burmese invaders. 1808 - The Roman Catholic Diocese of Baltimore was promoted to an archdiocese, with the founding of the dioceses of New York, Philadelphia, Boston, and Bardstown (now Louisville) by Pope Pius VII. 1820 - The Venus de Milo is discovered on the Aegean island of Melos. 1832 - Black Hawk War: Around three-hundred United States 6th Infantry troops leave St. Louis, Missouri to fight the Sauk Native Americans. 1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Mansfield 1866 - Italy and Prussia ally against Austria-Hungary. 1886 - William Ewart Gladstone introduces the first Irish Home Rule Bill into the British House of Commons. 1893 - The first recorded college basketball game occurs in Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania. 1895 - The Supreme Court of the United States declares income tax to be unconstitutional in Pollock v. Farmers' Loan & Trust Co. 1899 - Martha Place becomes the first woman to be executed in an electric chair. 1904 - The French Third Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland sign the Entente cordiale. 1904 - British mystic Aleister Crowley transcribes the first chapter of the Book of the Law. 1904 - Longacre Square in Midtown Manhattan is renamed Times Square after The New York Times. 1908 - Harvard University votes to establish the Harvard Business School. 1913 - The 17th Amendment to the United States Constitution, requiring direct election of Senators, becomes law. 1916 - In Corona, California, racecar driver Bob Burman crashes, killing three and badly injuring five spectators. 1918 - World War I: Actors Douglas Fairbanks and Charlie Chaplin sell war bonds on the streets of New York City's financial district. 1929 - Indian Independence Movement: At the Delhi Central Assembly, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt throw handouts and bombs to court arrest. 1935 - The Works Progress Administration is formed when the Emergency Relief Appropriation Act of 1935 becomes law. 1940 - World War II: Great Britain and France announce that they have mined Norwegian territorial waters to prevent their use by German supply ships. 1942 - World War II: Siege of Leningrad 1942 - World War II: The Japanese take Bataan in the Philippines. 1943 - U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, in an attempt to check inflation, freezes wages and prices, prohibits workers from changing jobs unless the war effort would be aided thereby, and bars rate increases to common carriers and public utilities. 1946 - The last meeting of the League of Nations, the precursor of the United Nations, is held. 1950 - India and Pakistan sign the Liaquat-Nehru Pact. 1952 - U.S. President Harry Truman calls for the seizure of all domestic steel mills to prevent a nationwide strike. 1953 - Mau Mau leader Jomo Kenyatta is convicted by Kenya's British rulers. 1957 - The Suez Canal in Egypt is reopened. 1960 - The U.S. Senate approves the Civil Rights Act of 1960 despite Southern senators' marathon filibuster effort. 1968 - BOAC Flight 712 catches fire shortly after take off. As a result of her actions in the accident, Barbara Jane Harrison is awarded a posthumous George Cross, the only GC awarded to a woman in peacetime. 1973 - Thirty-two terrorist bombings in Cyprus take place. 1974 - Hank Aaron hits his 715th home run breaking Babe Ruth's record of 714. 1975 - Frank Robinson manages the Cleveland Indians in his first game as major league baseball's first African American manager. 1985 - Bhopal disaster: India files suit against Union Carbide for the disaster which killed an estimated 2,000 and injured another 200,000. 1987 - Los Angeles Dodgers executive Al Campanis resigns amid controversy over racially-charged remarks he had made while on Nightline. 1989 - South Africa: The Democratic Party is formed from the merger of four parties. 1989 - The two Greek Communist parties, along with smaller left-wing parties, merge to form the Coalition of the Left and Progress in Greece. 1990 - New Democracy wins the national election in Greece. 1992 - Retired tennis great Arthur Ashe announces that he has AIDS, acquired from blood transfusions during one of his two heart surgeries. 1999 - Haryana Gana Parishad, a political party in the Indian state of Haryana, merges with the Indian National Congress. 2000 - Nineteen Marines are killed when an V-22 Osprey tilt-rotor aircraft crashes near Marana, Arizona. 2004 - Darfur conflict: The Humanitarian Ceasefire Agreement is signed by the Sudanese government and two rebel groups. 2004 - U.S. National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice testifies before the 9/11 Commission. 2006 - Shedden massacre: The bodies of eight men, all shot to death, are found in a field in Ontario, Canada. The murders are soon linked to the Bandidos motorcycle gang. 2008 - The construction of the world's first building to integrate wind turbines completes, in Bahrain.