Famous birthdays, deaths and events of April 9
1336 - Tamerlane (Timur), Central Asian 1498 - John, Cardinal of Lorraine 1648 - Henri de Massue, Marquis de Ruvigny 1773 - Étienne Aignan, French writer (d. 1824 1821 - Charles Baudelaire, French poet (d. 1867) 1888 - Sol Hurok, Russian-born impresario (d. 1974) 1889 - Efrem Zimbalist, Russian violinist (d. 1985) 1895 - Michel Simon, French actor (d. 1975) 1897 - John B. Gambling, American radio talk-show host (d. 1974) 1901 - Paul Willis, American actor (d. 1960) 1903 - Ward Bond, American actor (d. 1960) 1904 - Sharkey Bonano, American musician (d. 1972) 1906 - Rafaela Aparicio, Spanish actress (d. 1996) 1912 - Lew Kopelew, Russian author (d. 1997) 1915 - Daniel Johnson, Sr. 1917 - Johannes Bobrowski, German lyricist and writer (d. 1965) 1917 - Brad Dexter, American actor (d. 2002) 1921 - Jean-Marie Balestre, French motorsports official (FIA) (d. 2008) 1921 - Frankie Thomas, American actor (d. 2006) 1922 - Carl Amery, German writer (d. 2005) 1928 - Paul Arizin, American basketball player (d. 2006) 1930 - Nathaniel Branden, Canadian psychotherapist 1932 - Carl Perkins, American musician (d. 1998) 1932 - Cheeta, chimpanzee actor 1933 - Jean-Paul Belmondo, French actor 1935 - Avery Schreiber, American actor (d. 2002) 1937 - Marty Krofft, Canadian children's television producer 1939 - Michael Learned, American actress 1940 - Jim Roberts, Canadian ice hockey player 1941 - Kaye Adams, American country singer 1941 - Chu Song-woong, Korean stage actor (d. 1985) 1942 - Brandon De Wilde, American actor (d. 1972) 1943 - Terry Knight, American music promoter (d. 2004) 1945 - Steve Gadd, American session drummer 1948 - Jaya Bachchan, Indian actress 1953 - Hal Ketchum, American musician 1954 - Dennis Quaid, American actor 1955 - Joolz Denby, English poet and novelist 1955 - Kate Heyhoe, American food writer 1956 - Miguel Ángel Russo, Argentine footballer 1957 - Seve Ballesteros, Spanish golfer 1957 - Brian Alexander, British broadcaster 1961 - Mark Kelly, British keyboard player (Marillion) 1962 - Imran Sherwani, British field hockey player 1963 - Joe Scarborough, American television personality 1964 - Rick Tocchet, Canadian ice hockey player 1964 - Rob Awalt, American football player 1964 - Soyo Oka, Japanese musician 1965 - Paulina Porizkova, Czechoslovakian-born actress and supermodel 1965 - Mark Pellegrino, American actor 1966 - Cynthia Nixon, American actress 1971 - Peter Canavan, Gaelic footballer 1971 - Jacques Villeneuve, French-Canadian race car driver 1971 - Austin Peck, American actor 1974 - Jenna Jameson, American porn star 1975 - Robbie Fowler, English footballer 1975 - David Gordon Green, American filmmaker 1977 - Gerard Way, American musician (My Chemical Romance) 1978 - Jorge Andrade, Portuguese footballer 1978 - Rachel Stevens, English singer (S Club) 1978 - Vesna Pisarović, Croatian singer 1979 - Albert Hammond, Jr. 1979 - Katsuni, French porn star 1979 - Keith Nobbs, American actor 1979 - Keshia Knight Pulliam, American actress 1980 - Yoanna House, American model 1980 - Jerko Leko, Croatian footballer 1980 - Clueso, German singer 1981 - Milan Bartovič, Slovak ice hockey player 1981 - Eric Harris, Columbine High School shooter (d. 1999) 1981 - Ireneusz Jeleń, Polish footballer 1981 - Dennis Sarfate, American baseball player 1982 - Jay Baruchel, Canadian actor 1982 - Carlos Hernández, Costa Rican footballer 1984 - Linda Chung, Hong Kong actress and singer 1984 - Adam Loewen, Canadian baseball player 1985 - Yamashita Tomohisa, Japanese singer News 1986 - Brian Larsen, American musician and record producer 1986 - Leighton Meester, American actress 1987 - Craig Mabbitt, American singer of Escape the Fate 1987 - Jesse McCartney, American actor and singer 1987 - Jarrod Mullen, Australian rugby league footballer 1990 - Kristen Stewart, American actress 1998 - Elle Fanning, American Actress
1484 - Edward of Middleham, Prince of Wales (b. 1473) 1492 - Lorenzo de' Medici, Italian statesmen (b. 1449) 1553 - François Rabelais, French writer 1654 - Matei Basarab, Prince of Wallachia (b. 1588) 1693 - Roger de Rabutin, Comte de Bussy 1747 - Simon Fraser, 11th Lord Lovat 1806 - William V of Orange, Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic (b. 1748) 1909 - Helena Modrzejewska, Polish-American actress (b. 1840) 1936 - Ferdinand Tönnies, German sociologist (b. 1855) 1940 - Mrs. Patrick Campbell, British actress (b. 1865) 1944 - Evgeniya Rudneva, Russian World War II heroine (b. 1920) 1945 - Georg Elser, failed assassin of Hitler (b. 1903) 1953 - Eddie Cochems, Father of the Forward Pass in American football (b. 1877) 1963 - Eddie Edwards, American jazz trombonist (b. 1891) 1970 - Gustaf Tenggren, Swedish illustrator (b. 1896) 1976 - Dagmar Nordstrom, American composer 1976 - Phil Ochs, American singer (b. 1940) 1988 - Brook Benton, American singer (b. 1931) 1988 - David Prater, American singer (Sam & Dave) (b. 1937) 1991 - Martin Hannett, record producer (b. 1948) 1996 - Richard Condon, American novelist (b. 1915) 1997 - Helene Hanff, American writer (b. 1916) 1997 - Mae Boren Axton, American singer and songwriter (b. 1914) 1998 - Tom Cora, American cellist and composer (b. 1953) 2001 - Willie Stargell, American baseball player (b. 1940) 2002 - Pat Flaherty, American racecar driver (b. 1926) 2006 - Billy Hitchcock, American baseball player 2006 - Vilgot Sjöman, Swedish writer and film director (b. 1924) 2009 - Shakti Samanta, 83, Indian film director and producer, cardiac arrest. 2009 - Elfriede Gerstl, 76, Austrian author, after long illness. 2009 - Mike Casey, 60, American college basketball player (Kentucky Wildcats) (1967–1971), heart disease. 2009 - Randy Cain, 63, American singer (The Delfonics). 2009 - Nick Adenhart, 22, American baseball pitcher (Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim), car accident. 2011 - Sidney Lumet, American film director (b. 1924)
1241 - Battle of Liegnitz: Mongol forces defeat the Polish and German armies. 1413 - Henry V is crowned King of England. 1440 - Christopher of Bavaria is appointed King of Denmark. 1682 - Robert Cavelier de La Salle discovers the mouth of the Mississippi River, claims it for France and names it Louisiana. 1865 - American Civil War: Robert E. Lee surrenders the Army of Northern Virginia (26,765 troops) to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia, effectively ending the war. 1867 - Alaska purchase: Passing by a single vote, the United States Senate ratifies a treaty with Russia for the purchase of Alaska. 1909 - The U.S. Congress passes the Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act. 1916 - World War I: The Battle of Verdun 1917 - World War I: The Battle of Arras 1918 - World War I: The Battle of the Lys 1937 - The Kamikaze arrives at Croydon Airport in London 1939 - Marian Anderson sings at the Lincoln Memorial, after being denied the right to sing at the Daughters of the American Revolution's Constitution Hall. 1940 - World War II: Germany invades Denmark and Norway. 1942 - World War II: The Battle of Bataan/Bataan Death March 1945 - World War II: The German pocket battleship Admiral Scheer is sunk. 1945 - World War II: The Battle of Königsberg, in East Prussia, ends. 1945 - The United States Atomic Energy Commission is formed. 1947 - The Glazier-Higgins-Woodward tornadoes kill 181 and injure 970 in Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas. 1947 - The Journey of Reconciliation, the first interracial Freedom Ride begins through the upper South in violation of Jim Crow laws. The riders wanted enforcement of the United States Supreme Court's 1946 Irene Morgan decision that banned racial segregation in interstate travel. 1948 - Jorge Eliécer Gaitán's assassination provokes a violent riot in Bogotá (the Bogotazo), and a further ten years of violence in Colombia (La violencia). 1948 - Massacre at Deir Yassin. 1952 - Hugo Ballivian's government is overthrown by the Bolivian National Revolution, starting a period of agrarian reform, universal suffrage and the nationalisation of tin mines 1953 - Warner Brothers premieres the first 3-D film, entitled House of Wax. 1957 - The Suez Canal in Egypt is cleared and opens to shipping. 1959 - Mercury program: NASA announces the selection of the United States' first seven astronauts, whom the news media quickly dub the "Mercury Seven". 1967 - The first Boeing 737 (a 100 series) makes its maiden flight. 1969 - The "Chicago Eight" plead not guilty to federal charges of conspiracy to incite a riot at the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago, Illinois. 1969 - The first British-built Concorde 002 makes its maiden flight from Filton to RAF Fairford. 1975 - The first game of the Philippine Basketball Association, the second oldest professional basketball league in the world. 1991 - Georgia declares its independence from the Soviet Union. 1992 - A U.S. Federal Court finds former Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega guilty of drug and racketeering charges. He is sentenced to 30 years in prison. 1992 - John Major's Conservative Party wins an unprecedented fourth general election victory in the United Kingdom. 1999 - Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara, President of Niger, is assassinated. 2002 - The funeral of Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother at Westminster Abbey. 2003 - 2003 invasion of Iraq: Baghdad falls to American forces. 2005 - His Royal Highness Charles, Prince of Wales marries Camilla Parker Bowles.