Famous birthdays, deaths and events of August 20
1561 - Jacopo Peri, Italian composer (d. 1633) 1632 - Louis Bourdaloue, French Jesuit preacher (d. 1704) 1719 - Charles-François de Broglie, marquis de Ruffec 1847 - Andrew Greenwood, England cricketer (d. 1889) 1847 - Bolesław Prus, Polish writer (d. 1912) 1856 - Jakub Bart-Ćišinski, Sorbian writer (d. 1909) 1865 - Bernard Tancred, South African cricketer (d. 1911) 1868 - Ellen Roosevelt, American tennis player (d. 1954) 1881 - Edgar Guest, English poet (d. 1959) 1890 - H. P. Lovecraft, American writer (d. 1937) 1897 - Tarjei Vesaas, Norwegian writer (d. 1970) 1901 - Salvatore Quasimodo, Italian writer 1905 - Jean Gebser, German-born author 1905 - Jack Teagarden, American musician (d. 1964) 1907 - Alan Reed, original voice of Fred Flintstone. (d. 1977) 1909 - Alby Roberts, New Zealand cricketer (d. 1978) 1913 - Roger Wolcott Sperry, American neurobiologist 1916 - Paul Felix Schmidt, Estonian–German chess player (d. 1984) 1918 - Jacqueline Susann, American novelist (d. 1974) 1921 - Jack Wilson, Australian cricketer (d. 1985) 1923 - Jim Reeves, American singer (d. 1964) 1927 - Geriatric1927, English video blogger 1927 - Yootha Joyce, English actress (d. 1980) 1931 - Don King, American boxing promoter 1932 - Anthony Ainley, British actor (d. 2004) 1932 - Vasily Aksyonov, Russian novelist 1932 - Atholl McKinnon, South African cricketer (d. 1983) 1934 - Armi Kuusela, Finnish beauty queen 1935 - Ron Paul, US Congressman 1937 - Jim Bowen, English comedian 1937 - El Fary, Spanish singer and actor (d. 2007) 1937 - Andrei Konchalovsky, Russian film director 1940 - Rex Sellers, Australian cricketer 1942 - Isaac Hayes, American singer 1942 - Fred Norman, American baseball player 1943 - Sylvester McCoy, Scottish actor 1944 - Graig Nettles, American baseball player 1946 - Ralf Hütter, German musician (Kraftwerk) 1948 - John Noble, Australian actor 1948 - Robert Plant, British Musician (Led Zeppelin) 1949 - Nikolas Asimos, Greek composer and singer (d. 1988) 1949 - Norman Featherstone, South African cricketer 1949 - Alan Hardwick, English TV presenter 1949 - Phil Lynott, Irish musician (d. 1986) 1951 - Greg Bear, American author 1952 - John Emburey, English cricketer 1952 - Doug Fieger, American musician (The Knack) 1952 - John Hiatt, American musician 1954 - Tawn Mastrey, American disc jockey (d. 2007) 1954 - Al Roker, American television personality 1954 - Don Stark, American actor 1955 - Agnes Chan, Hong Kong singer and writer 1956 - Joan Allen, American actress 1956 - Alvin Greenidge, West Indian cricketer 1957 - Finlay Calder, Scottish rugby player 1958 - Patricia Rozema, Canadian film director and screenwriter 1961 - Greg Egan, Australian author 1961 - Joe Pasquale, English comedian 1962 - Sophie Aldred, English actress 1962 - James Marsters, American actor 1962 - Dong-Wook Song, South Korean tennis player 1965 - KRS-One, American rapper 1966 - Dimebag Darrell, American guitarist (Pantera and Damageplan) (d. 2004) 1967 - Andy Benes, American baseball player 1967 - Colin Cunningham, American actor 1967 - Terri Poch, American yogini and former professional wrestler 1968 - Klas Ingesson, Swedish footballer 1968 - Yuri Shiratori, Japanese voice actress and singer 1970 - Els Callens, Belgian tennis player 1970 - John D. Carmack, American computer game programmer 1970 - Fred Durst, American singer (Limp Bizkit) 1971 - Brad Avery, American musician (former guitarist for Third Day) 1971 - Jonathan Ke Quan, Vietnamese American actor 1971 - Steve Stone, English footballer 1971 - David Walliams, British comedian 1972 - Chaney Kley, American actor 1973 - Todd Helton, American baseball player 1974 - Amy Adams, American actress 1974 - Big Moe, American rapper (d. 2007) 1974 - Szabolcs Sáfár, Hungarian footballer 1974 - Andy Strachan, Australian musician (The Living End) 1974 - Maxim Vengerov, Russian violinist 1975 - Marcus Mastin, American author 1976 - Chris Drury, American hockey player 1977 - Felipe Contepomi, Argentine rugby player 1977 - Manuel Contepomi, Argentine rugby player 1977 - Ivar Ingimarsson, Icelandic footballer 1977 - Mayra Veronica, Cuban model and actress 1977 - James Ormond, England cricketer 1979 - Cory Sullivan, American baseball player 1980 - Corey Carrier, American actor 1980 - Rochelle Gadd, British actress 1981 - Benjamin Barnes, English actor (Prince Caspian) 1981 - Bernard Mendy, French footballer 1982 - Cléber Luis Alberti, Brazilian footballer 1982 - Youssouf Hersi, Ethiopian footballer 1982 - Joshua Kennedy, Australian footballer 1982 - Barney Rogers, Zimbabwean cricketer 1984 - Mirai Moriyama, Japanese actor 1984 - Golan Yosef, Dutch actor 1986 - Robert Clark, Canadian actor 1987 - Cătălina Ponor, Romanian gymnast 1990 - Ranomi Kromowidjojo, Dutch swimmer 1991 - Marko Đoković, Serbian tennis player 1992 - Demi Lovato, American actress and singer
535 - Mochta of Louth, disciple of St. Patrick 1572 - Miguel López de Legazpi, Spanish conquistador (b. 1502) 1611 - Tomás Luis de Victoria, Spanish composer (b. 1548) 1639 - Martin Opitz von Boberfeld, German poet (b. 1597) 1643 - Anne Hutchinson, English Puritan preacher (b. 1591) 1648 - Edward Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Cherbury 1680 - William Bedloe, English informer (b. 1650) 1701 - Charles Sedley, English playwright (b. 1639) 1707 - Nicolas Gigault, French organist and composer (b. 1627) 1825 - William Waldegrave, 1st Baron Radstock 1887 - Jules Laforgue, French poet (b. 1860) 1919 - Greg MacGregor, England cricketer (b. 1869) 1930 - Charles Bannerman, Australian cricketer (b. 1851) 1959 - William Halsey, Jr 1965 - Jonathan Myrick Daniels, Civil Rights Martyr (b. 1939) 1971 - Rashid Minhas, Pakistani Air Force pilot (b. 1951) 1980 - Joe Dassin, American singer (b. 1938) 1982 - Ulla Jacobsson, Swedish actress (b. 1929) 1986 - Milton Acorn, Canadian poet (b. 1923) 1989 - George Adamson, India-born English game warden and lion expert (b. 1906) 1998 - Raquel Rastenni, Danish singer (b. 1915) 2001 - Kim Stanley, American actress (b. 1925) 2005 - Thomas Herrion, American football player (b. 1981) 2005 - Krzysztof Raczkowski, Polish drummer (b. 1970) 2006 - Claude Blanchard, French-Canadian singer 2007 - Leona Helmsley, American hotel operator and real estate investor (b. 1920) 2008 - Hua Guofeng, former Chairman of the Chinese Communist Party 2012 - Phyllis Diller, American comedian (b. 1917)
636 - Battle of Yarmouk: Arab forces led by Khalid ibn al-Walid take control of Syria and Palestine away from the Byzantine Empire, marking the first great wave of Muslim conquests and the rapid advance of Islam outside Arabia. 917 - Battle of Anchialus: Tsar Simeon I of Bulgaria invades Thrace and drives the Byzantines out. 1000 - The foundation of the Hungarian state, Hungary is established as a Christian kingdom by Stephen I of Hungary. 1391 - Konrad von Wallenrode becomes the 24th Hochmeister of the Teutonic Order. 1672 - Former Grand Pensionary Johan de Witt and his brother Cornelis are brutally murdered by an angry mob in The Hague. 1775 - The Spanish establish a presidio (fort) in the town that became Tucson, Arizona. 1794 - Battle of Fallen Timbers 1804 - Lewis and Clark Expedition: the "Corps of Discovery", exploring the Louisiana Purchase, suffers its only death when sergeant Charles Floyd dies, apparently from acute appendicitis. 1858 - Charles Darwin first publishes his theory of evolution in The Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London, alongside Alfred Russel Wallace's same theory. 1866 - President Andrew Johnson formally declares the American Civil War over. 1882 - Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky's 1812 Overture debuts in Moscow. 1888 - Mutineers imprison Emin Pasha at Dufile. 1900 - Japan's primary school law is amended to provide for four years of mandatory schooling. 1914 - World War I: German forces occupy Brussels. 1920 - The first commercial radio station, 8MK (WWJ), begins operations in Detroit, Michigan. 1926 - Japan's public broadcasting company, Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai(NHK) is established. 1938 - Lou Gehrig hits his 23rd career grand slam 1940 - In Mexico City exiled Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky is fatally wounded with an ice axe by Ramon Mercader. He dies the next day. 1944 - World War II: the Battle of Romania begins with a major Soviet offensive. 1953 - The Soviet Union publicly acknowledges that it had tested a hydrogen bomb. 1955 - In Morocco, a force of Berbers from the Atlas Mountains region of Algeria raid two rural settlements and kill 77 French nationals. 1960 - Senegal breaks from the Mali federation, declaring its independence. 1968 - 200,000 Warsaw Pact troops and 5,000 tanks invade Czechoslovakia to end the "Prague Spring" of political liberalization. 1975 - Viking Program: NASA launches the Viking 1 planetary probe toward Mars. 1977 - Voyager Program: NASA launches the Voyager 2 spacecraft. 1979 - The East Coast Main Line rail route between England and Scotland is restored when the Penmanshiel Diversion opens. 1982 - Lebanese Civil War: a multinational force lands in Beirut to oversee the PLO's withdrawal from Lebanon. 1986 - In Edmond, Oklahoma, U.S. Postal employee Patrick Sherrill guns down 14 of his co-workers and then commits suicide. 1988 - "Black Saturday" of the Yellowstone fire in Yellowstone National Park 1988 - Peru becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty. 1988 - Iran–Iraq War: a cease-fire is agreed after almost eight years of war. 1991 - Collapse of the Soviet Union, August Coup: more than 100,000 people rally outside the Soviet Union's parliament building protesting the coup aiming to depose President Mikhail Gorbachev. 1991 - Estonia secedes from the Soviet Union. 1993 - After rounds of secret negotiations in Norway, the Oslo Peace Accords are signed, followed by a public ceremony in Washington, D.C. the following month. 1997 - Souhane massacre in Algeria; over 60 people are killed and 15 kidnapped. 1998 - The Supreme Court of Canada rules that Quebec cannot legally secede from Canada without the federal government's approval. 1998 - U.S. embassy bombings: the United States military launches cruise missile attacks against alleged al-Qaida camps in Afghanistan and a suspected chemical plant in Sudan in retaliation for the August 7 bombings of American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania. The al-Shifa pharmaceutical factory in Khartoum is destroyed in the attack. 2002 - A group of Iraqis opposed to the regime of Saddam Hussein take over the Iraqi Embassy in Berlin for five hours before releasing their hostages and surrendering. 2008 - Spanair Flight 5022, from Madrid to Gran Canaria, skids off the runway and crashes at Barajas Airport. 146 people are killed in the crash, 8 more die afterwards. Only 18 people survive. 2009 - Abdelbaset Ali Mohmed Al Megrahi, imprisoned for the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103, is released by the Scottish government on compassionate grounds as he has terminal prostate cancer. He returns to his native Libya.