Famous birthdays, deaths and events of August 23
686 - Charles Martel, grandfather of Charlemagne (d. 741) 1724 - Abraham Yates, American Continental Congressman (d. 1796) 1741 - Jean-François de Galaup, comte de La Pérouse 1836 - Marie Henriette of Austria, Queen of the Belgians (d. 1902) 1843 - William Southam, Canadian newspaper publisher (d. 1932) 1849 - William Ernest Henley, British poet 1854 - Moritz Moszkowski, Polish/German composer (d. 1925) 1868 - Edgar Lee Masters, American author (d. 1950) 1880 - Alexander Grin, Russian writer (d. 1932) 1884 - Will Cuppy, American humorist (d. 1949) 1900 - Ernst Krenek, Austrian-born composer (d. 1991) 1900 - Malvina Reynolds, American folk singer/songwriter (d. 1978) 1903 - William Primrose, Scottish violist (d. 1982) 1905 - Constant Lambert, British composer (d. 1951) 1909 - Syd Buller, England First Class Cricketer and English test umpire (d. 1970) 1910 - Giuseppe Meazza, Italian footballer (d. 1979) 1911 - Birger Ruud, Norwegian athlete (d. 1998) 1912 - Gene Kelly, American dancer and actor (d. 1996) 1917 - Tex Williams, American singer (d. 1985) 1921 - Sam Cook, England cricketer (d. 1996) 1922 - George Kell, baseball player 1922 - Jean Darling, American child actress 1924 - Ephraim Kishon, Israeli writer (d. 2005) 1925 - Robert Mulligan, American movie and television director 1927 - Dick Bruna, Dutch illustrator 1928 - Marian Seldes, American actress 1929 - Vera Miles, American actress 1931 - Hamilton O. Smith, American microbiologist 1932 - Mark Russell, American comedian 1934 - Barbara Eden, American actress and singer 1934 - Sonny Jurgensen, American football player 1943 - Nelson DeMille, American novelist 1945 - Rayfield Wright, American football player 1946 - Keith Moon, English musician (The Who) (d. 1978) 1947 - Willy Russell, British playwright 1947 - David Robb, British actor 1948 - Andrei Pleşu, Romanian writer 1948 - Daniel Ruettiger "Rudy", University of Notre Dame football legend 1949 - Katiana Balanika, Greek actress and singer 1949 - Geoff Capes, English Strongman 1949 - Shelley Long, American actress 1949 - Rick Springfield, Australian singer and actor 1951 - Queen Noor of Jordan, 1953 - Bobby G, British singer (Bucks Fizz) 1954 - Charles Busch, American director 1956 - Skipp Sudduth, American actor 1958 - Julio Franco, Atlanta Braves 1959 - George Kalovelonis, Greek tennis player 1960 - Chris Potter, Canadian actor 1961 - Dean DeLeo, American musician (Stone Temple Pilots) 1961 - Gary Mabbutt, English footballer 1963 - Hans-Henning Fastrich, German field hockey player 1963 - Kenny Wallace, American race car driver 1963 - Park Chan-wook, Korean director and screenwriter 1963 - Richard Illingworth, England cricketer 1964 - Johan Bruyneel, Belgian cyclist 1964 - Kong Hee, Singaporean 1964 - Yoshikazu Taru, Japanese professional wrestler 1965 - Roger Avary, Canadian-born screenwriter 1966 - Rik Smits, Dutch-American basketball player 1967 - Richard Petrie, New Zealand cricketer 1968 - Chris DiMarco, American golfer 1969 - Jeremy Schaap, American sportswriter 1969 - Geneviève Brouillette, Quebec television and film actress 1970 - Jay Mohr, American actor and comedian 1970 - River Phoenix, American actor (d. 1993) 1970 - Brad Mehldau, American pianist 1971 - Demetrio Albertini, Italian footballer 1971 - BoneCrusher, American rapper 1972 - Martin Grainger, English footballer 1972 - Raul Casanova, Puerto Rican baseball player 1972 - Mark Butcher, England cricketer 1973 - Casey Blake, American baseball player 1973 - Kerry Walmsley, New Zealand cricketer 1973 - Malaika Arora Khan, Indian actress and model 1974 - Ray Park, Scottish actor 1974 - Shifty, American musician (Crazy Town) 1974 - Benjamin Limo, Kenyan runner 1974 - Christian Beranek, American graphic novelist and actor 1975 - Eliza Carthy, English singer and fiddler 1975 - Jarkko Ruutu, Finnish ice hockey player 1976 - Scott Caan, American actor 1977 - Douglas Sequeira, Costa Rican footballer 1978 - Kobe Bryant, American basketball player 1978 - Julian Casablancas, American musician 1979 - Edgar Sosa, Mexican boxer 1979 - Ritchie Neville, British musician 1980 - Denny Bautista, Dominican baseball player 1980 - Rex Grossman, American football player 1981 - Stephan Loboué, Ivorian footballer 1981 - Carmen Luvana, American pornographic actress. 1981 - Carlos Cuéllar, Spanish footballer 1982 - Natalie Coughlin, American swimmer 1982 - YTCracker, American musician 1982 - Scott Palguta, professional soccer player 1983 - Sun Ming Ming, Chinese basketball player 1984 - Glen Johnson, English footballer 1986 - Josh Morris, Australian rugby league player for St. George Illawarra Dragons 1986 - Brett Morris, Australian rugby league player for St. George Illawarra Dragons 1987 - Nikki Gil, Filipina actress 1988 - Daniel Schwaab, German footballer
634 - Abu Bakr, Arabian caliph 1305 - William Wallace, Scottish patriot 1507 - Jean Molinet, French writer (b. 1435) 1519 - Philibert Berthelier, Swiss patriot 1591 - Luis Ponce de León, Spanish poet and mystic (b. 1527) 1618 - Gerbrand Adriaensz Bredero, Dutch writer (b. 1585) 1652 - John Byron, 1st Baron Byron 1706 - Colonel Edward Nott, Esq. 1867 - Auguste-Marseille Barthélemy, French poet (b. 1796) 1926 - Rudolph Valentino, Italian actor (b. 1895) 1927 - Nicola Sacco, Italian anarchist (b. 1891) 1927 - Bartolomeo Vanzetti, Italian anarchist (b. 1888) 1937 - Albert Roussel, French composer (b. 1869) 1955 - Reginald Tate, British actor (b. 1896) 1960 - Oscar Hammerstein II, American lyricist (b. 1895) 1962 - Hoot Gibson, American actor (b. 1892) 1966 - Francis X. Bushman, American actor (b. 1883) 1967 - Georges Berger, Belgian racing driver (b. 1918) 1971 - The original Shamu, Sea World orca 1987 - Didier Pironi, French racing car driver (b. 1952) 1989 - Mohammed Abed Elhai, Sudanese writer and academic (b. 1944) 1995 - Dwayne Goettel, Canadian musician (Skinny Puppy)(b. 1964) 1997 - John Kendrew, British molecular biologist 1999 - Norman Wexler, American screenwriter (b.1926) 1999 - James White, Northern Irish writer (b. 1928) 2000 - John Anthony Kaiser, Roman Catholic priest (b. 1932) 2001 - Kathleen Freeman, American actress (b. 1919) 2001 - Peter Maas, American novelist (b. 1929) 2002 - Hoyt Wilhelm, American baseball player (b. 1922) 2003 - Jack Dyer, Australian rules footballer (b. 1913) 2003 - John Geoghan, American Catholic priest (b. 1935) 2005 - Brock Peters, American actor (b. 1927) 2007 - Robert Symonds, American actor (b. 1926) 2010 - Satoshi Kon, Japanese anime film director (born 1963)
1305 - William Wallace, Scottish patriot, is executed for high treason by Edward I of England. 1328 - Battle of Cassel: French troops stop an uprising of Flemish farmers. 1514 - Battle of Chaldiran ended with a decisive victory for the Sultan Selim I, Ottoman Empire, over the Shah Ismail I, Safavids founder. 1541 - French explorer Jacques Cartier lands near Quebec City in his third voyage to Canada. 1555 - Calvinists are granted rights in the Netherlands. 1595 - Michael the Brave confronts the Ottoman army in the Battle of Calugareni. 1708 - Meidingnu Pamheiba is crowned King of Manipur. 1784 - Western North Carolina (now eastern Tennessee) declares itself an independent state under the name of Franklin; it wasn’t accepted into the United States, and only lasted for four years. 1793 - French Revolution: a levée en masse was decreed by the National Convention. 1799 - Napoleon leaves Egypt for France en route to seize power. 1813 - At the Battle of Grossbeeren, the Prussians under Von Bülow repulse the French army. 1839 - The United Kingdom captures Hong Kong as a base as it prepares to war with Qing China. The ensuing 3-year conflict will later be known as the First Opium War. 1864 - The Union Navy captures Fort Morgan, Alabama, thus breaking Confederate dominance of all ports on the Gulf of Mexico. 1866 - Austro-Prussian War ends with the Treaty of Prague. 1896 - First Cry of the Philippine Revolution is made in Pugad Lawin (Quezon City), in the province of Manila. 1904 - The automobile tire chain is patented. 1914 - World War I: Japan declares war on Germany and bombs Qingdao, China. 1914 - World War I: the Battle of Mons; the British Army begins withdrawal. 1923 - Capt. Lowell Smith and Lt. John P. Richter performed the first mid-air refueling on De Havilland DH-4B, setting an endurance flight record of 37 hours. 1927 - Sacco and Vanzetti are executed. 1929 - Hebron Massacre: Arab attack of the Jewish community in the British Mandate of Palestine resulted in 133 Jews killed, 67 in Hebron. 1939 - World War II: Germany and the Soviet Union sign a non-aggression treaty, the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. In a secret addition to the pact, the Baltic states, Finland, Romania, and Poland are divided between the two nations. 1942 - World War II: Beginning of the Battle of Stalingrad. 1942 - World War II: The last cavalry charge in history takes place at Izbushensky. 1943 - World War II: Kharkov liberated. 1944 - World War II: Marseille liberated. 1944 - World War II King Michael of Romania dismisses the pro-Nazi government of General Antonescu, who is arrested. Romania switches sides from the Axis to the Allies. 1944 - Freckleton Air Disaster 1946 - Ordinance No. 46 of the British Military Government constitutes the German Land (state) of Schleswig-Holstein. 1948 - World Council of Churches is formed. 1952 - The Arab League is formed. 1954 - First flight of the C-130 Hercules transport aircraft. 1958 - Chinese Civil War: The Second Taiwan Strait crisis begins with the People's Liberation Army's bombardment of Quemoy. 1966 - Lunar Orbiter 1 takes the first photograph of Earth from orbit around the Moon. 1975 - Successful Communist coup in Laos. 1977 - The Gossamer Condor wins the Kremer prize for human powered flight. 1979 - Soviet dancer Alexander Godunov defects to the United States. 1982 - Bachir Gemayel is elected Lebanese President amidst the raging civil war. 1985 - Hans Tiedge, top counter-spy of West Germany, defects to East Germany. 1989 - Singing Revolution: two million people from Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania stand on the Vilnius-Tallinn road, holding hands (Baltic Way). 1989 - All of Australia's 1,645 domestic airline pilots resign after the airlines threaten to fire them and sue them over a dispute. 1990 - Saddam Hussein appears on Iraqi state television with a number of Western "guests" (actually hostages) to try to prevent the Gulf War. 1990 - Armenia declares its independence from the Soviet Union. 1990 - West Germany and East Germany announce that they will unite on October 3. 1993 - Project Operation Resist Begins the finishing date is still unknown. 1996 - Osama bin Laden issues message entitled 'A declaration of war against the Americans occupying the land of the two holy places.' 2000 - A Gulf Air Airbus A320 crashes into the Persian Gulf near Manama, Bahrain, killing 143. 2000 - Nicaragua becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty. This essentially deprecated the Buenos Aires Convention treaty, because as of this date, all members of the BA Convention were also signatories to Berne. 2005 - TANS Peru Flight 204 crashes near Pucallpa, Peru, killing 41. 2006 - Natascha Kampusch, who was abducted at the age of 10, managed to escape from her captor Wolfgang Priklopil, after 8 years of captivity.