Famous birthdays, deaths and events of August 5
1623 - Antonio Cesti, Italian composer (d. 1669) 1641 - John Hathorne, American magistrate (d. 1717) 1694 - Leonardo Leo, Italian composer (d. 1744) 1811 - Ambroise Thomas, French opera composer (d. 1896) 1813 - Ivar Aasen, Norwegian poet and language reformer (d. 1896) 1828 - Louise of the Netherlands, queen of Sweden and Norway (d. 1871) 1833 - Carola of Vasa, Queen consort of Saxony (d. 1907) 1850 - Guy de Maupassant, French author (d. 1893) 1862 - Joseph Merrick, the "Elephant Man" (d. 1890) 1866 - Harry Trott, Australian cricketer (d. 1917) 1887 - Reginald Owen, English actor (d. 1972) 1888 - Victor Francen, Belgian-born actor (d. 1977) 1889 - Conrad Aiken, American writer (d. 1973) 1901 - Claude Autant-Lara, French film director (d. 2000) 1906 - John Huston, American director (d. 1987) 1906 - Joan Hickson, English actress (d. 1998) 1910 - Bruno Coquatrix, French songwriter and music impresario (d. 1979) 1911 - Robert Taylor, American actor (d. 1969) 1912 - Abbé Pierre, French Catholic priest (d. 2007) 1914 - David Brian, American actor (d. 1993) 1918 - Tom Drake, American actor (d. 1982) 1918 - Betty Oliphant, Canadian ballerina (d. 2004) 1922 - L. Tom Perry, LDS apostle 1930 - Neil Armstrong, American astronaut 1934 - Wendell Berry, American poet 1935 - John Saxon, American actor 1941 - Bob Clark, American film director (d. 2007) 1943 - Nelson Briles, American baseball player (d. 2005) 1943 - Sammi Smith, American country singer and songwriter (d. 2005) 1946 - Loni Anderson, American actress 1946 - Ron Silliman, American poet 1946 - Erika Slezak, American actress 1947 - Bernie Carbo, American baseball player 1947 - Rick Derringer, American musician 1948 - Carole Laure, French Canadian actress 1948 - Ray Clemence, English footballer 1951 - John Jarratt, Australian actor 1953 - Rick Mahler, American baseball player (d. 2005) 1953 - Samantha Sang, Australian singer 1956 - Jerry Ciccoritti, Canadian film director 1956 - Fred Ottman, American wrestler 1956 - Maureen McCormick, American actress 1957 - Faith Prince, American actress 1957 - Clayton Rohner, American actor 1959 - Pete Burns, English singer (Dead or Alive) 1960 - Seth Swirsky, American songwriter 1961 - Tawny Kitaen, American actress 1961 - Mark O'Connor, American violinist 1961 - Athula Samarasekera, Sri Lankan cricketer 1962 - Patrick Ewing, American basketball player 1962 - Richard de Groen, New Zealand cricketer 1964 - Adam Yauch (MCA), American musician (Beastie Boys) 1965 - Motoi Sakuraba, Japanese composer 1965 - Scott William Winters, American actor 1966 - Jonathan Silverman, American actor 1968 - Terri Clark, Canadian country singer 1968 - Funkmaster Flex, American hip hop DJ 1968 - Tokimitsu Ishizawa, Japanese professional wrestler 1968 - Oleg Luzhny, Ukrainian footballer 1968 - Colin McRae, Scottish rally driver (d. 2007) 1968 - John Olerud, American baseball player 1969 - Venkatesh Prasad, Indian cricketer 1969 - Vasbert Drakes, Barbadian cricketer 1970 - James Gunn, American filmmaker 1971 - Evil Jared Hasselhoff, American musician (The Bloodhound Gang) 1972 - Christian Olde Wolbers, Belgian musician (Fear Factory) 1972 - Aaqib Javed, Pakistani cricketer 1972 - Ikuto Hidaka, Japanese professional wrestler 1973 - Sanwar Hossain, Bangladeshi cricketer 1974 - Alvin Ceccoli, Australian soccer player 1974 - Antoine Sibierski, French footballer 1975 - Antony Cotton, English actor 1975 - Ami Foster, American actress 1975 - Kajol, Indian actress 1975 - Eicca Toppinen, Finnish cellist (Apocalyptica) 1976 - Jeff Friesen, Canadian ice hockey player 1976 - Kwon Sang-woo, South Korean actor 1976 - Marian Pahars, Latvian footballer 1977 - Eric Hinske, American baseball player 1977 - Michael Walsh, English footballer 1977 - Mark Mulder, American baseball player 1978 - Nektaria Karantzi, Greek singer 1979 - David Healy, Northern Irish footballer 1980 - Kaylani Lei, Singaporean/American pornographic actress 1980 - Wayne Bridge, English footballer 1980 - Jason Čulina, Australian soccer player 1980 - Ali Umar, Maldivian footballer 1980 - Sophie Winkleman, English actress 1981 - Carl Crawford, American baseball player 1981 - Kō Shibasaki, Japanese singer 1981 - Erik Guay, Canadian alpine skier 1981 - Cory Williams, American internet celebrity 1981 - Alester Maregwede, Zimbabwean cricketer 1982 - LoLo Jones, American track and field athlete 1982 - Ryu Seung Min, Korean table tennis player 1982 - Tobias Regner, German singer 1983 - Dawn Richard, American singer (Danity Kane) 1985 - Laurent Ciman, Belgian footballer 1985 - Salomon Kalou, Ivorian footballer 1986 - Paula Creamer, American golfer 1987 - Genelia D'Souza, Indian actress 1987 - Xenia Tchoumitcheva, Swiss model 1988 - Federica Pellegrini, Italian swimmer 1993 - Suzuka Ōgo, Japanese actress 1993 - Corey J. Smith, English actor 1995 - Devo Keenan American cellist, 2000 - Maya Bond, American singer and musician
1572 - Isaac Luria, Palestinian-born Kabbalist (b. 1534) 1579 - Stanislaus Hosius, Polish Catholic cardinal (b. 1504) 1678 - Juan García de Zéspedes, Mexican musician and composer (b. 1619) 1743 - John Hervey, 2nd Baron Hervey 1792 - Frederick North, Lord North 1868 - Jacques Boucher de Crèvecœur de Perthes, French archaeologist (b. 1788) 1911 - Bob Caruthers, American baseball player (b. 1864) 1923 - Vatroslav Jagić, Croatian slavist (b. 1835) 1925 - Jennie Lee (actor), American actress (b. 1848) 1929 - Millicent Fawcett, British suffragist (b. 1847) 1944 - Maurice Turnbull, Former England cricketer (b. 1906) 1946 - Wilhelm Marx, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1863) 1955 - Carmen Miranda, Portuguese actress and singer (b. 1909) 1959 - Edgar Guest, English poet (b. 1881) 1962 - Marilyn Monroe, American actress (b. 1926) 1963 - Salvador Bacarisse, Spanish composer (b. 1898) 1968 - Luther Perkins American guitarist, 1972 - Harry Hylton-Foster, Speaker of the British House of Commons (b. 1905) 1978 - Jesse Haines, American baseball player (b. 1893) 1984 - Richard Burton, Welsh actor (b. 1925) 1992 - Jeff Porcaro, American drummer (b. 1954) 1994 - Alain de Changy, Belgian racing driver (b. 1922) 1998 - Todor Zhivkov, Bulgarian dictator (b. 1911) 2000 - Sir Alec Guinness, British actor (b. 1914) 2002 - Josh Ryan Evans, American actor (b. 1982) 2002 - Chick Hearn, American basketball announcer (b. 1916) 2002 - Franco Lucentini, Italian writer (b. 1920) 2005 - Polina Astakhova, Russian gymnast (b. 1936) 2006 - Susan Butcher, American sled dog champion (b. 1954) 2007 - Jean-Marie Lustiger, Cardinal of France 2008 - Reg Lindsay, Australian country and western singer/songwriter (b. 1929) 2012 - Chavela Vargas, Costa Rican-born Mexican singer (b. 1919)
642 - Battle of Maserfield 910 - The last major Viking army to raid England is defeated at the Battle of Tettenhall by the allied forces of Mercia and Wessex, led by King Edward and Earl Aethelred. 1100 - Henry I is crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey. 1305 - William Wallace, who led Scottish resistance to England, is captured by the English near Glasgow and transported to London for trial and execution. 1388 - Battle of Otterburn, a border skirmish between the Scottish and the English in Northern England. 1583 - Sir Humphrey Gilbert establishes first English colony in North America, at what is now St John's, Newfoundland. 1620 - The Mayflower departs from Southampton, England on its first attempt to reach North America. 1689 - 1,500 Iroquois attack the village of Lachine, in New France. 1716 - The Battle of Petrovaradin takes place. 1735 - Freedom of the press: New York Weekly Journal writer John Peter Zenger is acquitted of seditious libel against the royal governor of New York, on the basis that what he published was true. 1763 - Pontiac's War: Battle of Bushy Run 1772 - The First Partition of Poland begins. 1812 - War of 1812: Tecumseh's Native American force ambushes Thomas Van Horne's 200 Americans at Brownstone Creek, causing them to flee and retreat. 1858 - Cyrus West Field and others complete the first transatlantic telegraph cable after several unsuccessful attempts. It operated for less than a month. 1860 - Carl IV of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Norway, in Trondheim. 1861 - American Civil War: In order to help pay for the war effort, the United States government levies the first income tax as part of the Revenue Act of 1861 (3% of all incomes over US $800; rescinded in 1872). 1861 - The United States Army abolishes flogging. 1862 - American Civil War: Battle of Baton Rouge 1864 - American Civil War: the Battle of Mobile Bay begins 1870 - Franco-Prussian War: the Battle of Spicheren is fought, resulting in a Prussian victory. 1874 - Japan launches its postal savings system, modeled after a similar system in England. 1882 - Standard Oil of New Jersey is established. 1882 - Martial law is imposed in Japan. 1884 - The cornerstone for the Statue of Liberty is laid on Bedloe's Island in New York Harbor. 1888 - Bertha Benz drives from Mannheim to Pforzheim in the first long distance automobile trip. 1901 - Peter O'Connor sets the first IAAF recognised long jump world record of 24ft 11¾ins. The record will stand for 20 years. 1912 - Japan's first taxicab service begins in Ginza, Tokyo. 1914 - In Cleveland, Ohio, the first electric traffic light is installed. 1925 - Plaid Cymru is formed with the aim of disseminating knowledge of the Welsh language, which is in danger of dying out. 1940 - World War II: Latvia is annexed by the Soviet Union. 1943 - World War II: at around 11 A.M during the Battle of Troina, Mount Etna erupts sending ash and lava miles into the sky. 1944 - World War II: possibly the biggest prison breakout in history occurs as 545 Japanese POWs attempt to escape outside the town of Cowra, NSW, Australia. 1944 - Holocaust: Polish insurgents liberate a German labor camp in Warsaw, freeing 348 Jewish prisoners. 1949 - In Ecuador an earthquake destroys 50 towns and kills more than 6000. 1957 - American Bandstand, a show dedicated to the teenage "baby-boomers" by playing the songs and showing popular dances of the time, debuts on the ABC television network. 1960 - Burkina Faso, then known as Upper Volta, becomes independent from France. 1962 - Nelson Mandela is jailed. He would not be released until 1990. 1963 - The United States, United Kingdom, and Soviet Union sign a nuclear test ban treaty. 1964 - Vietnam War: Operation Pierce Arrow 1969 - Mariner program: Mariner 7 makes its closest fly-by of Mars (3,524 kilometers). 1974 - Vietnam War: The U.S. Congress places a $1 billion dollar limit on military aid to South Vietnam. 1979 - In Afghanistan, Maoists undertake an attempted military uprising. 1981 - Ronald Reagan fires 11,359 striking air-traffic controllers who ignored his order for them to return to work. 1989 - General elections are held in Nicaragua with the Sandinista Front winning a majority. 1995 - The city of Knin, a significant Serb stronghold, is captured by Croatian forces during Operation Storm. The date is celebrated as the day of victory (Victory and Homeland Thanksgiving Day) in Croatia. 2003 - A car bomb explodes in the Indonesian capital of Jakarta outside the Marriott Hotel killing 12 and injuring 150. 2011 - NASA announces that its Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter captured photographic evidence of possible liquid water on Mars during warm seasons. 2011 - Juno, the first solar-powered spacecraft on a mission to Jupiter, is launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.