Famous birthdays, deaths and events of December 8
1542 - Mary Queen of Scots, (d. 1587) 1574 - Maria Anna of Bavaria, Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1616) 1626 - Queen Christina of Sweden, (d. 1689) 1678 - Horatio Walpole, 1st Baron Walpole of Wolterton 1699 - Maria Josepha of Austria, queen of Poland (d. 1757) 1730 - Jan Ingenhousz, Dutch-born British physiologist and botanist (d. 1799) 1756 - Archduke Maximilian Franz of Austria, (d. 1801) 1816 - August Belmont, Sr. 1832 - Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Norwegian author and Nobel laureate (d. 1910) 1861 - Georges Méliès, French filmmaker (d. 1938) 1862 - Georges Feydeau, French playwright (d. 1921) 1865 - Jean Sibelius, Finnish composer (d. 1957) 1890 - Bohuslav Martinů, Czech composer (d. 1959) 1899 - John Qualen, Canadian actor (d. 1987) 1909 - Gratien Gélinas, French-Canadian playwright and producer (d. 1999) 1911 - Lee J. Cobb, American actor (d. 1976) 1911 - Nikos Gatsos, Greek poet and lyricist (d. 1992) 1913 - Delmore Schwartz, American poet (d. 1966) 1915 - Ernest Lehman, American screenwriter (d. 2005) 1916 - Richard Fleischer, American film director (d. 2006) 1918 - Gérard Souzay, French baritone (d. 2004) 1922 - Jean Ritchie, American folk singer 1925 - Sammy Davis Jr., American actor and singer (d. 1990) 1925 - Carmen Martín Gaite, Spanish author (d. 2000) 1925 - Jimmy Smith, American jazz organist (d. 2005) 1927 - Ferdie Pacheco, American boxing trainer 1930 - Maximilian Schell, Austrian-born Swiss actor and film director 1931 - Bob Arum, American boxing promoter 1933 - Flip Wilson, American comedian (d. 1998) 1935 - Dharmendra, Indian actor 1935 - Tatiana Zatulovskaya, Israeli chess player 1936 - David Carradine, American actor 1937 - James MacArthur, American actor 1939 - Red Berenson, Canadian ice hockey player 1939 - Jerry "The Iceman" Butler, American soul singer 1939 - Sir James Galway, Northern Irish flautist 1939 - Soko Richardson, American rhythm and blues drummer (d. 2004) 1940 - Brant Alyea, American baseball player 1941 - Ed Brinkman, American baseball player 1941 - Bob Brown, American football player 1941 - Sir Geoff Hurst, English footballer 1943 - Jim Morrison, American singer (The Doors) (d. 1971) 1943 - Bodo Tümmler, German olympic middle-distance runner. 1943 - Mary Woronov, American actress 1946 - John Rubinstein, American actor 1946 - Sharmila Tagore, Indian Actress 1947 - Gregg Allman, American musician 1947 - Kati-Claudia Fofonoff, Skolt Sámi writer 1949 - Mary Gordon, American writer 1949 - Nancy Meyers, American film director 1949 - Ray Shulman, English musician 1949 - Robert Sternberg, Proposed the Triarchic Theory of Intelligence 1950 - Tim Foli, American baseball player 1950 - Dan Hartman, American musician (Edgar Winter Group) (d. 1994) 1951 - Bill Bryson, American author 1951 - Jan Eggum, Norwegian singer-songwriter 1953 - Kim Basinger, American actress 1953 - Roy Firestone, American sports announcer 1953 - Sam Kinison, American comedian (d. 1992) 1954 - Harold Hongju Koh, Korean-American Dean of Yale Law School 1956 - Warren Cuccurullo, American musician 1957 - Phil Collen, English guitarist (Def Leppard) 1958 - Bird McIntyre, Thai pop singer 1961 - Mikey Robins, Australian comedian 1962 - Marty Friedman, American guitarist 1963 - Toshiaki Kawada, Japanese professional wrestler 1964 - James Blundell, Australian country singer 1964 - Sandy Burnett, English record producer 1964 - Teri Hatcher, American actress 1965 - Carina Lau, Hong Kong actress 1966 - Sinéad O'Connor, Irish musician 1966 - Jeff Tremaine, American television and film director 1967 - Jeff George, American football player 1967 - Kotono Mitsuishi, Japanese seiyu (voice actress) 1968 - Mike Mussina, American baseball player 1969 - Steve Van Wormer, American actor 1972 - Marco Abreu, Angolan footballer 1973 - Doron Bell Jr., Canadian actor 1973 - Corey Taylor, American singer (Slipknot 1974 - Cristian Castro, Mexican singer 1974 - Tony Simmons, American football player 1974 - Nick Zinner, American guitarist (Yeah Yeah Yeahs) 1975 - Kevin Harvick, American NASCAR driver 1976 - Naimee Coleman, Irish singer and songwriter 1976 - Reed Johnson, American baseball player 1976 - Dominic Monaghan, English actor 1977 - Elsa Benítez, Mexican supermodel 1977 - Sébastien Chabal, French rugby union footballer 1977 - Ryan Newman, American NASCAR driver 1978 - John Oster, Welsh footballer 1978 - Anwar Siraj, Ethiopian footballer 1978 - Ian Somerhalder, American actor 1978 - Vernon Wells, American baseball player 1979 - Daniel Fitzhenry, Australian rugby league footballer 1979 - Raymond Lam, Hong Kong Actor and Singer 1979 - Christian Wilhelmsson, Swedish footballer 1981 - Jeremy Accardo, American baseball player 1981 - Philip Rivers, American football player 1982 - Noelle Pikus-Pace, American skeleton racer 1982 - Dee Dee Trotter, American athlete 1982 - Hamit Altintop, Turkish Football player 1982 - Halil Altintop, Turkish Football player 1983 - Neel Jani, Swiss racing driver 1983 - Liu Song, Chinese snooker player 1984 - Greg Halford, English footballer 1984 - Badr Hari, Dutch kickboxer 1985 - Dwight Howard, American basketball player 1986 - Amir Khan, English boxer 1986 - Kate Voegele, American musician 1989 - Drew Doughty, Canadian hockey player 1993 - AnnaSophia Robb, American actress and singer
899 - Arnulf of Carinthia, (b. 850) 1626 - John Davies, English poet (b. 1569) 1638 - Ivan Gundulic, Croatian poet (b. 1589) 1649 - Noël Chabanel, French Jesuit missionary (b. 1613) 1680 - Henry Pierrepont, 1st Marquess of Dorchester 1695 - Barthélemy d'Herbelot de Molainville, French orientalist (b. 1625) 1722 - Liselotte von der Pfalz, Duchess of Orléans (b. 1652) 1745 - Etienne Fourmont, French orientalist (b. 1683) 1768 - Jean Denis Attiret, French Jesuit missionary (b. 1702) 1811 - Eliza Poe, English-born American actress and the mother of the American author Edgar Allan Poe(b. 1787) 1830 - Benjamin Constant, Swiss writer (b. 1767) 1859 - Thomas de Quincey, English author (b. 1785) 1907 - Oscar II of Sweden, (b. 1829) 1917 - Mendele Moykher Sforim, Russian writer (b. 1836) 1938 - Friedrich Glauser, German-language Swiss writer (b. 1896) 1958 - Tris Speaker, American baseball player (b. 1888) 1966 - Ward Morehouse, American theater critic and newspaper columnist (b. 1899) 1967 - John Mills, Sr. 1975 - Gary Thain, New Zealand bassist (Uriah Heep) (b. 1948) 1982 - Marty Robbins, American singer (b. 1925) 1983 - Slim Pickens, American actor (b. 1919) 1984 - Luther Adler, American actor (b. 1903) 1984 - Razzle, English Musician and drummer for Hanoi Rocks (b.1960) 1984 - Robert Jay Mathews, White Nationalist (b. 1953) 1991 - Kimberly Bergalis, claimed to have contracted HIV from her dentist (b. 1968) 1991 - Buck Clayton, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1911) 1994 - Antônio Carlos Jobim, Brazilian composer and arranger (b. 1927) 1996 - Howard Rollins, American actor (b. 1950) 1997 - Bob Bell, played Bozo the Clown (b. 1922) 1999 - Péter Kuczka, Hungarian writer (b. 1923) 2003 - Rubén González, Cuban pianist (Buena Vista Social Club) (b. 1919) 2004 - Dimebag Darrell (Darrell Abbott), American guitarist (Pantera 2005 - Georgiy Zhzhonov, Russian actor and author (b. 1915) 2006 - Martha Tilton, American singer (b. 1915) 2006 - José Uribe, Dominican baseball player (b. 1959)
1609 - Biblioteca Ambrosiana opens its reading room, the second public library of Europe. 1659 - Mexican border town Ciudad Juárez is founded by Fray García de San Francisco. 1864 - The Clifton Suspension Bridge over the River Avon is officially opened. 1869 - Timothy Eaton founds T. Eaton Co. Limited in Toronto, Canada. 1886 - The American Federation of Labor is founded in Columbus, Ohio. 1889 - The KNVB is founded in the The Netherlands 1904 - Konservativ Ungdom (Young Conservatives) in Denmark is founded by Carl F. Herman von Rosen. Still existing today, it is the oldest political youth organization in Denmark and believed to be one of the oldest in the world. 1912 - First Balkan War: The Greek army captures Korçë that had been under Ottoman rule. 1914 - World War I: Battle of the Falkland Islands 1935 - The Japanese military police launches a violent suppression of the religious sect Oomoto, beginning with a crackdown on the sect's operational bases of Ayabe and Kameoka in Kyoto Prefecture and the arrest of its leader Onisaburo Deguchi. 1941 - World War II: The Japanese invade the British Crown Colony of Hong Kong, Malaya and the Dutch East Indies. They also invade the portions of Shanghai administered by European powers and bomb American bases in the Philippines. Because of the time difference, these events 1941 - World War II: Pacific War 1941 - World War II: Pacific War 1941 - World War II: Pacific War 1941 - World War II: First Japanese attack on Wake Island. 1941 - Holocaust: Gas vans are first used as a means of execution, at the Chelmno extermination camp near Łódź in Poland. 1942 - Holocaust: in Ternopil, Ukraine, the German SS organizes the deportation of the last 1,400 Ternopil Jews to the death camp in Belzec. The chief of the Gestapo, SS-Sturmbannführer Heinrich Müller, bore overall responsibility for the mass murder of the Jews of Ternopil and Berezhany county. 1949 - Chinese Civil War: The capital of the Republic of China is moved from Nanjing to Taipei, Taiwan. 1953 - Dwight D. Eisenhower gives the Atoms for Peace speech. 1963 - Pan Am Flight 214 crashes outside Elkton, Maryland with a loss of 81 people. 1966 - The Greek SS Heraklion sinks in a storm in the Aegean Sea, killing over 200. 1969 - An Olympic Airways Douglas DC-6 crashes in Keratea during a storm, killing 93 people. 1972 - United Airlines Flight 553 crashes near Chicago Midway Airport, killing 45 people. 1974 - A plebiscite results in the abolition of monarchy in Greece. 1980 - Mark David Chapman shoots and kills John Lennon in front of The Dakota apartment building. 1982 - Activist Norman Mayer threatens to blow up the Washington Monument, before being killed by United States Park Police. 1982 - In Suriname several opponents of the military government are killed. 1987 - The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty is signed. 1987 - The Queen Street Massacre: Frank Vitkovic shoots and kills 8 people at the offices of Australia Post in Melbourne, Australia before being killed himself. 1987 - The Alianza Lima air disaster. 1991 - The leaders of Russia, Belarus and Ukraine sign an agreement dissolving the Soviet Union and establishing the Commonwealth of Independent States. 1991 - The Romanian Constitution is adopted in a referendum. 1993 - The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is signed into law by US President Bill Clinton. 1998 - Tadjena massacre: 81 people are killed by armed groups in Algeria. 2002 - The Caribbean Community Heads of Government meet with the Government of Cuba and declare the date to be "CARICOM-Cuba Day" 2004 - The Cuzco Declaration is signed in Cuzco, Peru, establishing the South American Community of Nations. 2005 - Ante Gotovina, Croatian army general accused of war crimes, is captured in the Playa de las Américas, Tenerife by the Spanish police.