Famous birthdays, deaths and events of February 1
1462 - Johannes Trithemius, German cryptographer (d. 1516) 1635 - Marquard Gude, German archaeologist (d. 1689) 1663 - Mother Ignacia del Espiritu Santo, foundress (d. 1748) 1690 - Francesco Maria Veracini, Italian composer (d. 1768) 1761 - Christian Hendrik Persoon, South African mycologist (d. 1836) 1796 - Abraham Emanuel Fröhlich, Swiss poet (d. 1865) 1801 - Émile Littré, French lexicographer (d. 1881) 1844 - G. Stanley Hall, American psychologist (d. 1924) 1859 - Victor Herbert, Irish composer (d. 1924) 1873 - Joseph Allard, Canadian fiddler (d. 1947) 1874 - Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Austrian writer (d. 1929) 1884 - Bradbury Robinson, who threw the first forward pass in American football history in 1906 (d. 1949) 1884 - Yevgeny Zamyatin, Russian writer (d. 1937) 1887 - Charles Nordhoff, English-born author (d. 1947) 1894 - John Ford, American director and producer (d. 1973) 1894 - James P. Johnson, American composer (d. 1955) 1895 - Conn Smythe, Canadian builder of the National Hockey League (d. 1980) 1901 - Clark Gable, American actor (d. 1960) 1902 - Langston Hughes American writer, (d. 1967) 1902 - Therese Brandl, Nazi concentration camp guard (d. 1947 1904 - S. J. Perelman, American humorist (d. 1979) 1905 - Emilio G. Segrè, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1989) 1906 - Hildegarde, American actress and singer (d. 2005) 1907 - Günter Eich, German lyricist (d. 1972) 1907 - Camargo Guarnieri, Brazilian composer (d. 1993) 1908 - George Pál, Hungarian-born director and producer (d. 1980) 1909 - George Beverly Shea, Canadian singer 1915 - Stanley Matthews, English football player (d. 2000) 1918 - Muriel Spark, Scottish author (d. 2006) 1922 - Renata Tebaldi, Italian soprano (d. 2004) 1924 - H. Richard Hornberger, American writer (d. 1997) 1926 - Stuart Whitman, American actor 1934 - Bob Shane, American folk singer (The Kingston Trio) 1936 - Azie Taylor Morton, 35th Treasurer of the United States (d. 2003) 1937 - Don Everly, American musician (Everly Brothers) 1937 - Garrett Morris, American comedian 1937 - Ray Sawyer, American singer (Dr. Hook & the Medicine Show) 1938 - Sherman Hemsley, American comedian and actor 1939 - Claude François, French singer (d. 1978) 1939 - Joe Sample, American jazz pianist 1940 - Bibi Besch, Austrian-American actress (d. 1996) 1940 - Hervé Filion, Quebec harness racer 1941 - Karl Dall, German television host 1941 - Jerry Spinelli, children's author 1942 - Terry Jones, Welsh actor and writer 1946 - Chris Clark, Motown Soul singer 1947 - Mike Brant, Israeli pop singer (d. 1975) 1947 - Normie Rowe, Australian singer 1948 - Rick James, American musician and composer (d. 2004) 1948 - Elisabeth Sladen, British actress 1950 - Mike Campbell, American guitarist and producer 1951 - Sonny Landreth, American guitarist and songwriter 1952 - Jenő Jandó, Hungarian pianist 1953 - Brendan Batson, English former footballer 1954 - Chuck Dukowski, American musician (Black Flag) 1954 - Bill Mumy, American actor and musician 1955 - Ernie Camacho, baseball player 1956 - Brahmanandam, Indian film actor 1956 - Exene Cervenka, American musician 1958 - Jackie Shroff, Indian actor 1958 - Luther Blissett, English footballer 1961 - Volker Fried, German field hockey player 1962 - José Luis Cuciuffo, Argentinian footballer (d. 2004) 1962 - Tomoyasu Hotei, Japanese guitarist 1964 - Mario Pelchat, Quebec singer 1964 - Linus Roache, English actor 1965 - Sherilyn Fenn, American actress 1965 - Brandon Lee, American actor (d. 1993) 1966 - Michelle Akers, American soccer player 1966 - Rob Lee, English footballer 1967 - Meg Cabot, American author 1968 - Lisa Marie Presley, American singer and actress 1968 - Pauly Shore, American comedian 1968 - Mark Recchi, Canadian ice hockey player 1968 - Kent Mercker, American baseball player 1969 - Gabriel Batistuta, Argentine footballer 1969 - Joshua Redman, American musician 1969 - Brian Krause, American actor 1969 - Patrick Wilson, American musician (Drummer for Weezer) 1970 - Malik Sealy, American basketball player (d. 2000) 1970 - Yasuyuki Kazama, Japanese racing driver 1971 - Michael C. Hall, American actor 1971 - Jill Kelly, American porn actress 1971 - Ron Welty, American musician 1971 - Zlatko Zahovič, Slovenian footballer 1971 - Ajay Jadeja, Former Indian cricketer 1972 - Yoshi DeHerrera, American TV personality 1972 - Kami (musician), drummer of Japanese visual kei band Malice Mizer (d.1999) 1973 - Yuri Landman, Experimental musical instrument builder 1973 - Makiko Ohmoto, Japanese voice actress 1974 - Roberto Heras, Spanish cyclist 1974 - David Meca, Spanish long distance swimmer 1975 - Big Boi, American musician (Outkast) 1976 - Phil Ivey, American poker player 1977 - Kevin Kilbane, Irish footballer 1979 - Julie Augustyniak, American soccer player 1979 - Juan Silveira dos Santos, Brazilian footballer 1979 - Valentin Elizalde, Mexican Singer (d.2006) 1980 - Héctor Luna, Dominican Republic baseball player 1980 - Moisés Muñoz, Mexican footballer 1980 - Otilino Tenorio, Ecuadorian footballer (d. 2005) 1981 - Luis Lamá, Angolan footballer 1981 - Graeme Smith, South African cricketer 1981 - Rob Austin, British racing driver 1982 - Shoaib Malik, Pakistani cricketer 1983 - Kevin Martin, American basketball player 1983 - Jurgen Van Den Broeck, Belgian cyclist 1984 - Darren Fletcher, Scottish footballer 1984 - Lee Thompson Young, American actor 1985 - Dean Shiels, Northern Irish footballer 1985 - Rachael Scdoris, American dog musher 1985 - Jodi Gordon, Australian actress and model 1986 - Lauren Conrad, American TV star 1987 - Giuseppe Rossi, Italian footballer 1989 - Hurricane Chris, American rapper 1990 - Laura Marling, British singer-songwriter
1542 - Girolamo Aleandro, Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1480) 1590 - Lawrence Humphrey,English clergyman and educator, 1743 - Giuseppe Ottavio Pitoni, Italian composer (b. 1657) 1768 - Sir Robert Rich, 4th Baronet 1851 - Mary Shelley, English author (b. 1797) 1940 - Philip Francis Nowlan, science fiction writer 1959 - Madame Sul-Te-Wan, American actress (b. 1873) 1963 - Fleetwood Lindley, the last living person to see Abraham Lincoln's face (b. 1888) 1966 - Hedda Hopper, American gossip columnist (b. 1885) 1966 - Buster Keaton, American actor (b. 1895) 1980 - Gastone Nencini, Italian cyclist (b. 1930) 1981 - Donald Wills Douglas, Sr. 1981 - Geirr Tveitt, Norwegian composer (b. 1908) 1986 - Gino Hernandez, American wrestler (b. 1957) 1987 - Alessandro Blasetti, Italian film director (b. 1900) 1988 - Heather O'Rourke, American actress (b. 1975) 1991 - Carol Dempster, American actress (b. 1901) 1997 - Herb Caen, American newspaper columnist (b. 1916) 1999 - Barış Manço, Turkish singer 2001 - André D'Allemagne, Quebec teacher 2002 - Hildegard Knef, German actress 2003 - Michael P. Anderson, 2003 - David Brown, 2003 - Kalpana Chawla, 2003 - Laurel Clark, 2003 - Rick D. Husband, 2003 - Willie McCool, 2003 - Ilan Ramon, 2004 - May O'Donnell, American modern dancer and choreographer (b. 1909) 2005 - John Vernon, Canadian actor (b. 1932) 2006 - Dick Bass, American football player (b. 1937) 2007 - Gian Carlo Menotti, Italian-born composer (b. 1911) 2007 - Seri Wangnaitham, Thai dance choreographer (b. 1937) 2007 - Whitney Balliett, American jazz critic (b. 1926) 2007 - Ray Berres, American baseball player (b. 1907) 2009 - Jim McWithey, 81, American race car driver. 2009 - Yoya Martínez, 96, Chilean actress, natural causes. 2009 - Tim Grundy, 50, British radio and television presenter, heart attack. 2009 - Joe Ades, 74, American pitchman for carrot peelers. 2009 - Nancy Adams, 84, American co-owner of the Tennessee Titans, after brief illness. 2012 - Wislawa Szymborska, Polish poet and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1923)
1327 - Teenaged Edward III is crowned King of England, but the country is ruled by his mother Queen Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer. 1411 - The First Peace of Thorn is signed in Thorn, Monastic State of the Teutonic Knights (Prussia). 1662 - The Chinese general Koxinga seizes the island of Taiwan after a nine-month siege. 1713 - The Kalabalik or Tumult in Bendery results from the Ottoman sultan's order that his unwelcome guest, King Charles XII of Sweden, be seized. 1790 - In New York City the Supreme Court of the United States attempts to convene for the first time. 1793 - French Revolutionary Wars: France declares war on the United Kingdom and the Netherlands. 1796 - The capital of Upper Canada is moved from Newark to York. 1814 - Mayon Volcano, in the Philippines, erupts, killing around 1,200 people; most devastating eruption of Mayon Volcano. 1856 - Auburn University is chartered as the East Alabama Male College. 1861 - American Civil War: Texas secedes from the United States. 1862 - Julia Ward Howe's "Battle Hymn of the Republic" is published for the first time in the Atlantic Monthly. 1880 - The first edition of theatrical newspaper The Stage is published. 1884 - Edition one of the Oxford English Dictionary is published. 1893 - Thomas A. Edison finishes construction of the first motion picture studio, the Black Maria in West Orange, New Jersey. 1896 - The opera La bohème premieres in Turin. 1897 - Shinhan Bank, the oldest bank in South Korea, opens in Seoul. 1913 - New York City's Grand Central Terminal opens as the world's largest train station. 1918 - Russia adopts the Gregorian Calendar. 1920 - The Royal Canadian Mounted Police begins operations. 1924 - The United Kingdom recognizes USSR. 1942 - World War II: Vidkun Quisling is appointed Premier of Norway by the Nazi occupiers. 1946 - Trygve Lie of Norway is picked to be the first United Nations Secretary General. 1957 - Felix Wankel's first working prototype DKM 54 of the Wankel engine was running at the NSU research and development department Versuchsabteilung TX in Germany 1958 - Merger of Egypt and Syria to form the United Arab Republic, which lasted until 1961. 1960 - Four black students stage the first of the Greensboro sit-ins at a lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina. 1965 - The Hamilton River in Labrador, Canada is renamed the Churchill River in honour of Winston Churchill. 1968 - Vietnam War: The execution of Viet Cong officer Nguyen Van Lem by South Vietnamese National Police Chief Nguyen Ngoc Loan is videotaped and photographed by Eddie Adams. This image helped build opposition to the Vietnam War. 1968 - Canada's three military services of Canada, the Royal Canadian Navy, the Canadian Army and the Royal Canadian Air Force, are unified into the Canadian Forces. 1968 - The New York Central Railroad and the Pennsylvania Railroad are merged to form ill-fated Penn Central Transportation. 1972 - Kuala Lumpur becomes a city by a royal charter granted by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia. 1974 - A fire in the 25-story Joelma Building in Sao Paulo, Brazil kills 189 and injures 293. 1974 - Kuala Lumpur is declared a Federal Territory. 1978 - Director Roman Polanski skips bail and flees the United States to France after pleading guilty to charges of engaging in sex with a 13-year-old girl. 1979 - Convicted bank robber Patty Hearst is released from prison after her sentence was commuted by President Jimmy Carter. 1979 - The Ayatollah Khomeini is welcomed back into Tehran, Iran after nearly 15 years of exile. 1982 - Senegal and the Gambia form a loose confederation known as Senegambia. 1989 - The Western Australian towns of Kalgoorlie and Boulder amalgamate to form the City of Kalgoorlie-Boulder. 1992 - The Chief Judicial Magistrate of Bhopal court declares Warren Anderson, ex-CEO of Union Carbide, a fugitive under Indian law for failing to appear in the Bhopal Disaster case. 1996 - The Communications Decency Act is passed by the U.S. Congress. 1998 - Rear Admiral Lillian E. Fishburne became the first female African American to be promoted to rear admiral. 2003 - Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrates during reentry into the Earth's atmosphere, killing all seven astronauts aboard. 2004 - 251 people are trampled to death and 244 injured in a stampede at the Hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia. 2004 - Janet Jackson's breast is exposed during the half-time show of Super Bowl XXXVIII, resulting in US broadcasters adopting a stronger adherence to FCC censorship guidelines. 2005 - Nepal King Gyanendra exercises Coup d'état to capture the democracy becoming Chairman of the Councils of ministers. 2005 - Canada introduces the Civil Marriage Act, making Canada the fourth country to sanction same-sex marriage. 2009 - Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir is appointed as the new Prime Minister of Iceland. She becomes the world's first openly lesbian head of government.