Famous birthdays, deaths and events of February 3
1747 - Samuel Osgood, American patriot (d. 1813) 1809 - Felix Mendelssohn, German composer (d. 1847) 1826 - Walter Bagehot, British essayist 1830 - Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury 1842 - Sidney Lanier, American writer (d. 1881) 1862 - James Clark McReynolds, American Supreme Court Justice (d. 1946) 1872 - Lou Criger, American baseball player (d. 1934) 1874 - Gertrude Stein, American writer (d. 1946) 1876 - William Tedmarsh, silent movie actor (d. 1937) 1887 - Georg Trakl, Austrian poet (d. 1914) 1889 - Carl Theodor Dreyer, Danish film director 1894 - Norman Rockwell, American illustrator (d. 1978) 1899 - Lao She, Chinese writer (d. 1966) 1899 - Doris Speed, English actress (d.1994) 1904 - Luigi Dallapiccola, Italian composer (d. 1975) 1904 - Pretty Boy Floyd, American gangster (d. 1934) 1907 - James Michener, American author (d. 1997) 1909 - André Cayatte, French filmmaker (d. 1989) 1911 - Jehan Alain, French organist and composer (d. 1940) 1911 - Robert Earl Jones, American actor (d. 2006) 1913 - Richard Seaman, British racing driver (d. 1939) 1918 - Helen Stephens, American runner (d. 1994) 1920 - Tony Gaze, Australian racing driver 1923 - Alys Robi, Quebec singer 1925 - John Fiedler, American voice actor (d. 2005) 1926 - Shelley Berman, American comedian 1927 - Kenneth Anger, American Underground Filmmaker 1927 - Joan Lowery Nixon, American writer (d. 2003) 1932 - Peggy Ann Garner, American actress (d. 1984) 1938 - Victor Buono, American actor (d. 1982) 1938 - Emile Griffith, US Virgin Islands professional boxer 1939 - Michael Cimino, American film director 1940 - Fran Tarkenton, American football player 1941 - Dory Funk, Jr. 1943 - Blythe Danner, American actress 1943 - Dennis Edwards, American singer (The Temptations) 1943 - Shawn Phillips, American singer 1944 - Trisha Noble, Australian singer and actress 1945 - Johnny Cymbal, American singer and songwriter (d. 1993) 1945 - Bob Griese, American football player 1947 - Paul Auster, American novelist 1947 - Dave Davies, British musician (The Kinks) 1947 - Stephen McHattie, Canadian actor 1947 - Melanie Safka, American singer-songwriter 1948 - Henning Mankell, Swedish author 1949 - Arthur Kane, American musician 1949 - Hennie Kuiper, Dutch cyclist 1950 - Morgan Fairchild, American actress 1952 - Fred Lynn, American baseball player 1954 - Tiger Williams, Canadian ice hockey player 1955 - Stephen Euin Cobb, American novelist 1956 - John Jefferson, American football player 1956 - Nathan Lane, American actor 1956 - Lee Ranaldo, American musician (Sonic Youth) 1957 - Chico Serra, Brazilian racing driver 1957 - Steven Stapleton, British musician (Nurse With Wound) 1959 - Thomas Calabro, American actor 1959 - Yasuharu Konishi, Japanese musician (Pizzicato Five) 1959 - Lol Tolhurst, British musician (The Cure) 1960 - Kerry Von Erich, American wrestler (d. 1993) 1960 - Marty Jannetty, American Wrestler 1961 - Jay Adams, American skateboarder 1961 - Linda Eder, American singer 1961 - Keith Gordon, American actor 1962 - Michele Greene, American actress 1965 - Maura Tierney, American actress 1966 - Frank Coraci, American film director 1967 - Dave Benson-Phillips, Children's TV Presenter 1967 - Bob Taylor, English footballer 1968 - Vlade Divac, National Basketball Association player 1969 - Retief Goosen, professional golfer 1970 - Oscar Cordoba, Colombian footballer 1970 - Warwick Davis, British actor 1971 - Sean Dawkins, American former football player 1971 - Elisa Donovan, American actress 1971 - Vincent Elbaz, French actor 1971 - Sarah Kane, English playwright (d. 1999) 1971 - Hong Seok-cheon, South Korean actor 1972 - Mart Poom, Estonian football player 1974 - Konrad Gałka, Polish swimmer 1974 - Miriam Yeung, Hong Kong actress 1976 - Mathieu Dandenault, Canadian hockey player 1976 - Isla Fisher, Australian actress 1976 - Dwayne Rudd, American football player 1976 - Tim Heidecker, American comedian 1977 - Daddy Yankee, reggaeton singer/rapper. 1978 - Adrian R'Mante, American actor 1978 - Eliza Schneider, American actress and singer 1980 - Sarah Lewitinn, American writer 1981 - Alisa Reyes, American actress and singer 1981 - Maurice Ross, Scottish footballer 1982 - Alan Gurr, Australian V8 Supercar driver 1982 - Jessica Harp, American singer (The Wreckers) 1983 - Richard Bartel, National Football League quarterback 1983 - Silambarasan Rajendar,famous south Indian actor, 1989 - Slobodan Rajković, Serbian footballer 1989 - Ryne Sanborn, American actor 1990 - Sean Kingston, American reggae rapper
1428 - Ashikaga Yoshimochi, Japanese shogun (b. 1386) 1468 - Johannes Gutenberg, German publisher 1619 - Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham 1802 - Pedro Rodríguez, Conde de Campomanes 1832 - George Crabbe, English naturalist (b. 1754) 1874 - Lunalilo, Hawaiian monarch (b. 1835) 1889 - Belle Starr, American outlaw (b. 1848) 1936 - Sophie of Schönburg-Waldenburg, consort of William of Wied 1937 - Marija Leiko, Latvian film actress (b. 1887) 1956 - Johnny Claes, Belgian racing driver (b. 1916) 1959 - Buddy Holly, American singer (b. 1936) 1959 - Roger Peterson, pilot of the Beechcraft Bonanza (b. 1957) 1959 - Ritchie Valens, American singer (b. 1941) 1959 - J.P. "The Big Bopper" Richardson, American singer (b. 1930) 1960 - Fred Buscaglione, Italian singer and actor (b. 1921) 1967 - Joe Meek, English record producer (b. 1929) 1969 - Eduardo Mondlane Mozambican independence founder, (b. 1920) 1975 - Umm Kulthum, Egyptian singer (b. 1904) 1989 - John Cassavetes, American actor (b. 1929) 1991 - Nancy Kulp, American actress (b. 1921) 2009 - Michelle Splitter, 19, Brazilian international basketball player, leukemia. 2009 - Sheng-yen, 79, Chinese-born Taiwanese Buddhist Zen master, kidney disease. 2009 - Kurt Demmler, 65, German songwriter, suicide. 2011 - Maria Schneider, French actress (b. 1952) 2012 - Ben Gazzara, American actor (b. 1930) 2012 - Samuel Youd, British author (b. 1922)
1112 - Ramon Berenguer III of Barcelona and Douce I of Provence marry, uniting the fortunes of those two states. 1377 - more than 2,000 people of the Italian city of Cesena are slaughtered by Papal Troops (Cesena Bloodbath). 1451 - Sultan Mehmed II inherits the throne of the Ottoman Empire. 1488 - Bartolomeu Dias of Portugal lands in Mossel Bay after rounding the Cape of Good Hope, becoming the first known European to travel so far south. 1509 - The Battle of Diu, between Portugal and the Ottoman Empire takes place in Diu, India. 1690 - The colony of Massachusetts issues the first paper money in America. 1706 - During the Battle of Fraustadt Swedish forces defeat a superior Saxon-Polish-Russian force by deploying a double envelopment. 1783 - American Revolutionary War: Spain recognizes United States independence. 1787 - Shays' Rebellion is crushed. 1807 - A British military force, under Brig-Gen. Sir Samuel Auchmuty captures the city of Montevideo, then part of the Spanish Empire now capital of Uruguay. 1809 - The Illinois Territory is created. 1830 - The sovereignty of Greece was confirmed in a London Protocol. 1834 - Wake Forest University is established. 1870 - The Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, granting voting rights to citizens regardless of race. 1900 - Gubernatorial candidate William Goebel is assassinated in Frankfort, Kentucky. 1908 - Foundation of Panathinaikos in Athens, Greece. 1913 - The Sixteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, authorizing the Federal government to impose and collect an income tax. 1916 - Parliament buildings in Ottawa, Canada burn down. 1917 - World War I: The United States breaks off diplomatic relations with Germany a day after the former announced a new policy of unrestricted submarine warfare. 1918 - The Twin Peaks Tunnel begins service as the longest streetcar tunnel in the world at 11,920 feet (3,633 meters) long. 1923 - The Alpha Zeta chapter of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia founded at Pennsylvania State University. 1930 - The Communist Party of Vietnam is established. 1931 - The Hawke's Bay earthquake, New Zealand's worst natural disaster, kills 258. 1941 - World War II: Nazi Germany forcibly restores Pierre Laval to office in occupied Vichy, France. 1944 - World War II: United States troops capture the Marshall Islands. 1945 - World War II: The Soviet Union agrees to enter the Pacific Theatre conflict against Japan. 1945 - World War II: As part of Operation Thunderclap, 1,000 B-17's of the Eighth Air Force bomb Berlin. 1947 - The lowest temperature in North America is recorded in Snag, Yukon. 1957 - Senegalese political party Democratic Rally merges into the Senegalese Party of Socialist Action (PSAS). 1958 - Founding of the Benelux Economic Union, creating a testing ground for a later European Economic Community. 1959 - A plane crash near Clear Lake, Iowa kills Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, The Big Bopper, and Roger Peterson also known as The Day the Music Died. 1966 - The unmanned Soviet Luna 9 spacecraft makes the first controlled rocket-assisted landing on the Moon. 1967 - Ronald Ryan, the last person to be executed in Australia, is hanged in Pentridge Prison, Melbourne. 1969 - In Cairo, Yasser Arafat is appointed Palestine Liberation Organization leader at the Palestinian National Congress. 1971 - New York Police Office Frank Serpico is shot during a drug bust in Brooklyn and survives to later testify against police corruption.. Many believed the incident proved NYPD officers tried to kill him. 1984 - Space Shuttle program: STS-41-B Mission 1988 - Iran-Contra Affair: The United States House of Representatives rejects President Ronald Reagan's request for $36.25 million to aid Nicaraguan Contras. 1989 - After a stroke, P.W. Botha resigns party leadership and the presidency of South Africa. 1989 - A military coup overthrows Alfredo Stroessner, dictator of Paraguay since 1954. 1991 - The Italian Communist Party dissolves and splits into the Democratic Party of the Left and the Communist Refoundation Party. 1998 - Karla Faye Tucker is executed in Texas becoming the first woman executed in the United States since 1984. 1998 - Cavalese cable-car disaster: a United States Military pilot causes the death of 20 people when his low-flying plane cuts the cable of a cable-car near Trento, Italy. 1999 - In Jammu and Kashmir the political party Democratic Janata Dal (Jammu and Kashmir) is revived. 2007 - A Baghdad market bombing kills at least 135 people and injures a further 339. 2009 - German Chancellor Angela Merkel criticizes Pope Benedict XVI's decision to lift the excommunication of Bishop Richard Williamson, who has said no Nazi gas chambers existed. 2010 - The sculpture L'Homme qui marche I by Alberto Giacometti sells in London for £65 million (US$103.7 million), setting a new world record for a work of art sold at auction.