Famous birthdays, deaths and events of July 1
1481 - Christian II of Denmark, Sweden and Norway (d. 1559) 1506 - Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia, (d. 1526) 1534 - Frederick II of Denmark, (d. 1588) 1586 - Claudio Saracini, Italian composer (d. 1630) 1723 - Pedro Rodríguez, Conde de Campomanes 1804 - George Sand, French writer (d. 1876) 1834 - Jadwiga Łuszczewska, Polish poet (d. 1908) 1869 - William Strunk Jr., American grammarian (d. 1946) 1873 - Alice Guy-Blaché, American film director (d. 1968) 1899 - Thomas A. Dorsey, American composer (d. 1993) 1899 - Charles Laughton, English actor (d. 1962) 1902 - William Wyler, French-born film director (d. 1981) 1903 - Amy Johnson, English pilot (d. 1941) 1908 - Peg Entwistle, Welsh actress (d. 1932) 1909 - Bill Stern, American sportscaster (d. 1971) 1912 - David R. Brower, American environmentalist (d. 2000) 1913 - Frank Barrett, baseball player (d. 1998) 1915 - Willie Dixon, American musician (d. 1992) 1915 - Joseph Ransohoff, American neurosurgeon (d. 2001) 1916 - Olivia de Havilland, British-born actress 1920 - Harold Sakata, American actor (d. 1982) 1925 - Farley Granger, American actor 1926 - Robert Fogel, Nobel laureate 1926 - Hans Werner Henze, German composer 1927 - Alan J. Charig, British palaeontologist (d. 1997) 1929 - Gerald Edelman, American biologist 1930 - Bobby Day, American singer (d. 1990) 1930 - Moustapha Akkad, Syrian-American filmmaker (d. 2005) 1931 - Leslie Caron, French actress 1934 - Jamie Farr, American actor 1934 - Jean Marsh, English actress 1934 - Sydney Pollack, American film director (d. 2008) 1934 - Claude Berri, French actor 1938 - Craig Anderson, baseball player 1939 - Karen Black, American actress 1941 - Twyla Tharp, American choreographer 1941 - Rod Gilbert, Canadian hockey player 1942 - Geneviève Bujold, Canadian actress 1942 - Andraé Crouch, American singer 1942 - Mike Malloy, American talk radio host 1943 - Jeff Wayne, musician 1945 - Deborah Harry, American musician (Blondie) 1945 - Mike Burstyn, Israeli-American actor 1947 - Shirley Hemphill, American actress (d. 1999) 1947 - Kazuyoshi Hoshino, Japanese racing driver 1949 - John Farnham, Australian singer 1951 - Fred Schneider, American singer (The B-52's) 1951 - Anne Feeney, American protest singer 1951 - Terrence Mann, American actor and dancer 1952 - Dan Aykroyd, Canadian actor 1952 - Steve Shutt, Canadian ice hockey player 1952 - Timothy J. Tobias, American composer and musician (d. 2006) 1955 - Keith Whitley, American singer (d. 1989) 1956 - Alan Ruck, American actor 1957 - Hannu Kamppuri, Finnish ice hockey player 1960 - Evelyn King, American singer 1961 - Kalpana Chawla, Indian-American astronaut (d. 2003) 1961 - Malcolm Elliott, British cyclist 1961 - Carl Lewis, American athlete 1961 - Michelle Wright, Canadian musician 1962 - Andre Braugher, American actor 1963 - Roddy Bottum, American musician (Faith No More and Imperial Teen) 1965 - Harald Zwart, Norwegian film director 1966 - Enrico Annoni, Italian footballer 1967 - Pamela Anderson, Canadian model 1968 - Tim Abell, American actor 1970 - Henry Simmons, American actor 1970 - Melissa Peterman, American actress 1971 - Missy Elliott, American rapper and singer 1971 - Julianne Nicholson, American actress 1971 - Steven W. Bailey, American actor 1971 - Jamie Walker, American baseball player 1972 - Claire Forlani, English actress 1972 - Alex Machacek, Austrian musician 1975 - Sufjan Stevens, American musician 1976 - Patrick Kluivert, Dutch footballer 1976 - Ruud van Nistelrooy, Dutch footballer 1976 - Justin Lo, Hong Kong singer and songwriter 1976 - Hannu Tihinen, Finnish footballer 1977 - Jarome Iginla, Canadian hockey player 1977 - Liv Tyler, American actress 1977 - Birgit Schuurman, Dutch musician 1980 - Patrick Aufiero, American hockey player 1981 - Tadhg Kennelly, Irish-born Australian Rules footballer 1981 - Demetria McKinney, American Actress 1982 - Hilarie Burton, American actress 1982 - Carmella DeCesare, American model 1982 - Romola Garai, English actress 1982 - Justin Huber, Australian baseball player 1982 - Joachim Johansson, Swedish tennis player 1982 - Adrian Ward, American football player 1983 - Marit Larsen, Norwegian musician (M2M) 1983 - Leeteuk, Korean singer 1988 - Evan Ellingson, American actor 1989 - Mitch Hewer, English actor 1989 - Hannah Murray, English actress
868 - Ali al-Hadi, Shia Imam (b. 828) 1592 - Marc'Antonio Ingegneri, Italian composer 1622 - William Parker, 4th Baron Monteagle 1774 - Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland 1782 - Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham 1784 - Wilhelm Friedemann Bach, German composer (b. 1710) 1819 - Jemima Wilkinson, American preacher (b. 1752) 1894 - Allan Pinkerton, American private detective (b. 1819) 1896 - Harriet Beecher Stowe, American author (b. 1811) 1925 - Erik Satie, French composer (b. 1866) 1944 - Tanya Savicheva, Russian diarist (b. 1930) 1948 - Achille Varzi, Italian race car driver (b. 1904) 1950 - Emile Jaques-Dalcroze, Swiss musician (b. 1865) 1961 - Louis-Ferdinand Céline, French writer (b. 1894) 1965 - Wally Hammond, English cricketer (b. 1903) 1976 - Anneliese Michel, German woman said to be possessed by demons (b. 1952) 1981 - Carlos de Oliveira, Portuguese writer (b. 1921) 1981 - Rushton Moreve, American bass player (b. 1948) 1987 - Snakefinger, British-born musician (b. 1949) 1991 - Michael Landon, American actor (b. 1936) 1992 - Franco Cristaldi, Italian film producer (b. 1924) 1995 - Wolfman Jack, American radio personality (b. 1938) 1996 - Steve Tesich, Serbian screenwriter (b. 1942) 1996 - Margaux Hemingway, American actress and model (b. 1954) 1997 - Robert Mitchum, American actor (b. 1917) 1999 - Edward Dmytryk, Canadian-born film director (b. 1908) 1999 - Guy Mitchell, American popular singer (b. 1927) 1999 - Forrest Mars Sr., American candy magnate (b. 1904) 1999 - Sylvia Sidney, American actress (b. 1910) 2000 - Walter Matthau, American actor (b. 1920) 2003 - Herbie Mann, American jazz flutist (b. 1930) 2003 - Wesley Mouzon, American boxer (b. 1927) 2003 - N!xau, Namibian actor (b. 1944) 2004 - Peter Barnes, English writer (b. 1931) 2004 - Todor Skalovski, Macedonian composer (b. 1909) 2004 - Marlon Brando, American actor (b. 1924) 2005 - Luther Vandross, American singer (b. 1951) 2005 - Obie Benson, American musician (b. 1936) 2006 - Fred Trueman, English cricketer (b. 1931) 2008 - Mel Galley, English guitarist (b. 1948) 2009 - Karl Malden, 97, American Academy Award winning actor (A Streetcar Named Desire), natural causes. 2012 - Alan G. Poindexter, American astronaut (b. 1961)
251 - The Battle of Abrittus is won by the Goths against the Romans. Roman Emperors Decius and Herennius Etruscus are killed. 1097 - Battle of Dorylaeum: Crusaders under Bohemond of Taranto defeat a Seljuk army under Qilich Arslan I. 1520 - La Noche Triste: Joint Mexican Indian force led by Aztecs under Cuitláhuac defeat Spanish Conquistadors under Hernán Cortés. 1569 - Union of Lublin: The Kingdom of Poland (Polish Crown) and Great Duchy of Lithuania confirm a real union, the united country is called the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth or the Republic of Both Nations. 1690 - Glorious Revolution: Battle of the Boyne as reckoned under Julian calendar. 1782 - American privateers attack Lunenburg, Nova Scotia. 1858 - The joint reading of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace's papers on evolution to the Linnean Society. 1862 - The Russian State Library is founded. 1862 - American Civil War: The Battle of Malvern Hill takes place, the final battle in the Seven Days Campaign, part of the George B. McClellan's Peninsula Campaign. 1863 - American Civil War: The Battle of Gettysburg begins. 1867 - The British North America Act, 1867 takes effect as the Constitution of Canada, creating the Canadian Confederation; John A. Macdonald sworn as first Prime Minister. 1870 - The United States Department of Justice formally comes into existence. 1878 - Canada joins the Universal Postal Union. 1879 - Charles Taze Russell publishes the first edition of the religious magazine The Watchtower. 1881 - The world's first international telephone call takes place between St. Stephen, New Brunswick, Canada, and Calais, Maine, United States. 1881 - General Order 70, the culmination of the Cardwell-Childers reforms of the British Army's organisation, comes into effect. 1885 - The United States terminates reciprocity and fishery agreement with Canada. 1890 - Canada and Bermuda are linked by telegraph cable. 1892 - The Homestead Strike, a strike by the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers against the Carnegie Steel Company, begins. 1898 - Spanish-American War: The Battle of San Juan Hill was fought in Santiago de Cuba. 1908 - SOS is adopted as the international Distress signal. 1916 - World War I: First day on the Somme 1921 - The Communist Party of China is founded. 1931 - United Airlines began service (as Boeing Air Transport). 1933 - The Canadian Parliament suspends all Chinese immigration. 1935 - Regina, Saskatchewan police and Royal Canadian Mounted Police ambush strikers participating in On-to-Ottawa-Trek. 1942 - World War II: First Battle of El Alamein. 1942 - Australian Federal Government becomes sole collector of Income Tax (State Income Tax Abolished). 1943 - Tokyo City merges with Tokyo Prefecture and is dissolved. Since then, no city in Japan has had the name "Tokyo." (Present-day Tokyo is not a city.) 1948 - Quaid-i-Azam inaugrates Pakistan's central bank, the State Bank of Pakistan. 1957 - The International Geophysical Year begins (until December 31, 1958). 1958 - The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation links television broadcasting across Canada via microwave. 1958 - Flooding of the St. Lawrence Seaway begins. 1959 - The Party of the African Federation (PFA) holds its constitutive conference. 1960 - Independence of Somalia. 1960 - Ghana becomes a Republic and Kwame Nkrumah becomes its first President as Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom ceases to be the Head of state. 1962 - Independence of Rwanda. 1962 - Independence of Burundi. 1963 - ZIP Codes are introduced for United States mail. 1963 - The British Government admits that former diplomat Kim Philby had worked as a Soviet agent. 1966 - The first color television transmission in Canada takes place from Toronto. 1967 - The European Community is formally created out of a merger with the Common Market, the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Commission. 1967 - Canada celebrates the 100th anniversary of the British North America Act, 1867. 1968 - The CIA's Phoenix Program is officially established. 1968 - The Nuclear non-proliferation treaty is signed in Washington, London and Moscow by sixty-two countries. 1968 - Formal separation of the United Auto Workers from the AFL-CIO. 1970 - President General Yahya Khan abolished One-Unit of West Pakistan restoring the provinces. 1972 - Andreas Baader, Jan-Carl Raspe and Holger Meins of the Red Army Faction are captured in Frankfurt after a shootout with the police. 1972 - The first Gay Pride march in England takes place. 1976 - Portugal grants autonomy to Madeira. 1978 - Northern Territory (Aus) granted Self-Government. 1979 - Sony introduces the Walkman. 1980 - O Canada officially becomes the national anthem of Canada. 1983 - A North Korean Ilyushin Il-62M jet en route to Conakry Airport in Guinea crashes into the Fouta Djall Mountains in Guinea-Bissau, killing all 23 people on board. 1984 - The PG-13 rating is introduced by the MPAA. 1987 - American radio station WFAN in New York City is launched as the world's first all-sports radio station. 1990 - German re-unification: East Germany accepts the Deutsche Mark as its currency, thus uniting the economies of East and West Germany. 1991 - The Warsaw Pact is officially dissolved at a meeting in Prague. 1997 - The People's Republic of China resumes sovereignty over the city-state of Hong Kong, ending 156 years of British colonial rule. 1999 - The Scottish Parliament is officially opened by Queen Elizabeth on the day powers are officially transferred from the old Scottish Office in London to the new devolved Scottish Executive in Edinburgh. 2000 - Vermont's civil unions law goes into effect. 2000 - The Oresund Bridge, connecting Sweden and Denmark, opens for traffic. 2002 - The International Criminal Court is established to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the crime of aggression. 2002 - A Bashkirian Airlines (flight 2937) Tupolev TU-154 and a DHL (German cargo) Boeing 757 collide in mid-air over Ueberlingen, southern Germany, killing 71. 2004 - Saturn Orbit insertion of Cassini-Huygens begins at 01:12 UTC and ends at 02:48 UTC. 2006 - The first operation of Qinghai-Tibet Railway in the People's Republic of China. 2007 - Smoking in England is banned in all public indoor spaces. With the ban already in force in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, this means it is illegal to smoke in indoor public places anywhere in the UK. The ban is also put into effect in Australia.