Famous birthdays, deaths and events of July 19
1670 - Richard Leveridge, English bass and composer (d. 1758) 1688 - Giuseppe Castiglione, Italian missionary to China (d. 1766) 1744 - Heinrich Christian Boie, German author (d. 1806) 1819 - Gottfried Keller, Swiss writer (d. 1890) 1822 - Augusta of Cambridge, Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1916) 1849 - Ferdinand Brunetière, French writer and critic (d. 1906) 1876 - John Gunn, Former England cricketer (d. 1963) 1877 - Arthur Fielder, English cricketer (d. 1949) 1883 - Max Fleischer, Austrian animator and film producer (d. 1972) 1893 - Vladimir Mayakovsky, Russian poet (d. 1930) 1896 - A. J. Cronin, Scottish writer (d. 1981) 1896 - Bob Meusel, American baseball player (d. 1977) 1904 - Robert Todd Lincoln Beckwith, Last Lincoln descendant (d.1985) 1907 - Isabel Jewell, American actress (d. 1972) 1912 - Norman Carr, British conservationist (b. 1997) 1914 - Marius Russo, baseball player (d. 2005) 1919 - Miltos Sachtouris, Greek poet (d. 2005) 1922 - Harold Camping, American evangelist 1923 - William A. Rusher, American columnist 1924 - Pat Hingle, American actor 1925 - Sue Thompson, American pop and country music singer 1926 - Helen Gallagher, American actress 1935 - Vasily Livanov, Russian and Soviet film actor 1937 - George Hamilton IV, American country singer 1938 - Richard Jordan, American actor (d. 1993) 1941 - Vikki Carr, American singer 1941 - Neelie Kroes, Dutch EU Commissioner for Competition 1946 - Alan Gorrie, Scottish musician (Average White Band) 1946 - Ilie Năstase, Romanian tennis player 1947 - Hans-Jürgen Kreische, East German footballer 1947 - Bernie Leadon, American musician (The Eagles) 1947 - Brian May, English musician (Queen) 1948 - Beverly Archer, American actress 1948 - Keith Godchaux, American musician (Grateful Dead) (d. 1980) 1949 - Ivar Kants, Australian actor 1950 - Freddy Moore, American songwriter 1951 - Abel Ferrara, American filmmake 1951 - Jayson Stark, American sportswriter 1952 - Allen Collins, American musician (Lynyrd Skynyrd) (d. 1990) 1955 - Roger Binny, Former Indian cricketer 1956 - Nikki Sudden, English musician (d. 2006) 1956 - Yoshiaki Yatsu, Japanese professional wrestler 1958 - Robert Gibson, American professional wrestler 1960 - Atom Egoyan, Canadian filmmaker 1961 - Maria Filatova, Soviet gymnast 1961 - Hideo Nakata, Japanese film director 1961 - Campbell Scott, American actor 1961 - Benoît Mariage, Belgian film director 1962 - Anthony Edwards, American actor 1963 - Garth Nix, Australian author 1964 - Masahiko Kondo, Japanese singer 1965 - Evelyn Glennie, Scottish percussionist 1965 - Stuart Scott, American sportscaster 1966 - Nancy Walls, American actress 1966 - David Segui, American baseball player 1967 - Yael Abecassis, Israeli actress and model 1968 - Robert Flynn, American musician (Machine Head) 1968 - Jim Norton, American comedian and radio personality (The Opie and Anthony Show) 1969 - Matthew Libatique, American cinematographer 1971 - Russell Allen, American musician (Symphony X) 1971 - Michael Modest, American professional wrestler 1971 - Vitali Klitschko, Ukrainian boxer 1972 - Naohito Fujiki, Japanese actor and singer 1972 - Ebbe Sand, Danish footballer 1973 - Martin Powell, English musician (Cradle of Filth) 1973 - Saïd Taghmaoui, French actor 1973 - Scott Walker, Canadian hockey player 1974 - Rey Bucanero, Mexican professional wrestler 1974 - Preston Wilson, baseball player 1976 - Vinessa Shaw, American actress 1976 - Gonzalo de los Santos, Uruguayan footballer 1977 - Ed Smith, English cricketer 1977 - Tony Mamaluke, American professional wrestler 1977 - Haitham Mustafa, Sudanese footballer 1977 - Jean-Sébastien Aubin, Canadian ice hockey goaltender 1978 - Nené, Brazilian footballer 1979 - Luke Young, English footballer 1979 - Rick Ankiel, Baseball pitcher/ outfielder 1979 - Dilhara Fernando, Sri Lankan cricketer 1980 - Giorgio Mondini, Italian racing driver 1980 - Xavier Malisse, Belgian tennis player 1980 - Mark Webber, American actor 1981 - Didz Hammond, bassist/backing vocalist (Dirty Pretty Things and The Cooper Temple Clause) 1981 - Jimmy Gobble, American baseball player 1981 - Anderson Luiz de Carvalho, Brazilian footballer 1981 - Nikki Osborne, Australian actress 1981 - David Bernard, West Indian cricketer 1982 - Jared Padalecki, American actor 1982 - Stuart Parnaby, English footballer 1982 - Jess Vanstrattan, Australian footballer 1984 - Lasse Gjertsen, Norwegian animator 1984 - Alessandra De Rossi, Filipino actress 1984 - Adam Morrison, American basketball player 1984 - Lewis Price, Welsh footballer 1990 - Steven Anthony Lawrence, American actor
1374 - Petrarch, Italian poet (b. 1304) 1687 - Laura Martinozzi, Duchess of Modena (b. 1637) 1692 - Sarah Good, Puritan accused of being witch during Salem Witch Trials (b. 1653) 1742 - William Somervile, English poet (b. 1675) 1810 - Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Queen of Prussia, (b. 1776) 1850 - Margaret Fuller, American writer (b. 1810) 1857 - Stefano Franscini, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1796) 1868 - Soji Okita, Japanese samurai (b. 1842 or 1844) 1896 - Abraham H. Cannon, American Mormon apostle (b. 1859) 1906 - Ferdinand Brunetière, French writer and critic (b. 1849) 1939 - Rose Hartwick Thorpe, American poet (b. 1850) 1947 - Aung San, Burmese nationalist (assassinated) (b. 1915) 1972 - Hezekiah M. Washburn, missionary (b. 1884) 1974 - Joe Flynn, American actor (b. 1924) 1974 - Erno Schwarz, Hungarian American soccer player (b. 1904) 1975 - Lefty Frizzell, American country music singer and songwriter (b. 1928) 1982 - John Harvey, stage and film actor (b. 1911) 1984 - Faina Ranevskaya, Russian actress (b. 1896) 1985 - Janusz A. Zajdel, Polish writer (b. 1938) 1990 - Eddie Quillan, American actor (b. 1907) 1992 - Paolo Borsellino, Italian magistrate 1998 - Elmer Valo, baseball player (b. 1921) 2002 - Alan Lomax, American folksong collector (b. 1915) 2003 - Bill Bright, American evangelist (b. 1921) 2003 - Pierre Graber, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1908) 2004 - Reverend Francis Marzen, American Catholic prelate (b. 1924) 2005 - Edward Bunker, American writer (b. 1933) 2006 - Jack Warden, American actor (b. 1920) 2008 - Dercy Gonçalves, Brazilian comedienne (b. 1907) 2008 - Anastasia Blue, American porn actress (b. 1980) 2009 - Frank McCourt, Irish-American author (born 1930)
711 - Muslim forces under Tariq ibn Ziyad defeat the Visigoths led by their king Roderic. 1333 - Wars of Scottish Independence: Battle of Halidon Hill 1544 - Italian War of 1542: The Siege of Boulogne began. 1545 - The Tudor warship Mary Rose sinks off Portsmouth. 1553 - Lady Jane Grey is replaced by Mary I of England as Queen of England after having that title for just nine days. 1588 - Anglo-Spanish War: Battle of Gravelines 1692 - Salem Witch Trials: Five women are hanged for witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts. 1760 - The formal request to found the later city of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico is filed by its founders. 1799 - A group of Napoleon Bonaparte's soldiers discover what is now known as The Rosetta Stone, enabling the translation of hieroglyphics for the first time. 1843 - Brunel's steamship the SS Great Britain is launched, becoming the first ocean-going craft with an iron hull or screw propeller and also becoming the largest vessel afloat in the world. 1848 - Women's rights: The two day Women's Rights Convention opens in Seneca Falls, New York and the "Bloomers" are introduced at the feminist convention. 1863 - American Civil War: Morgan's Raid 1864 - Third Battle of Nanking, determined battle at last. 1870 - Franco-Prussian War: France declares war on Prussia. 1879 - Doc Holliday kills for the first time after a man shoots up his New Mexico saloon. 1908 - Dutch football club Feyenoord Rotterdam is founded. 1912 - A meteorite with an estimated mass of 190 kg explodes over the town of Holbrook in Navajo County, Arizona causing approximately 16,000 pieces of debris to rain down on the town. 1919 - Following Peace Day celebrations marking the end of World War I, ex-servicemen rioted and burnt down Luton Town Hall. 1940 - World War II: Twelve men were promoted Generalfeldmarschall by Adolf Hitler, see List of German Field Marshals. 1940 - World War II: Battle of Cape Spada 1940 - World War II: Army order 112 forms the Intelligence Corps of the British Army. 1942 - World War II: Battle of the Atlantic 1947 - Prime minister of shadow Burma government ,Bogyoke Aung San and 6 of his cabinet and 2 non-cabinet members were assassinated by British , which resulted in the political chaos in the country lasting until now. 1963 - Joe Walker flies a North American X-15 to a record altitude of 106,010 metres (347,800 feet) on X-15 Flight 90. Exceeding an altitude of 100 km, this flight qualifies as a human spaceflight under international convention. 1964 - Vietnam War: At a rally in Saigon, South Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Khanh calls for expanding the war into North Vietnam. 1976 - Sagarmatha National Park in Nepal is created. 1979 - The Sandinista rebels overthrow the U.S.-backed government of the Somoza family in Nicaragua. 1983 - The first three-dimensional reconstruction of a human head in a CT is published. 1985 - The Val di Stava Dam collapse killing 268 people in Val di Stava, Italy. 1989 - United Airlines flight 232 crashes in Sioux City, Iowa killing 112 of the 296 passengers.