Famous birthdays, deaths and events of July 7
1528 - Anna of Austria, Duchess of Bavaria 1656 - Guru Har Krishan, 8th Guru of Sikhism (d. 1664) 1851 - Charles Tindley, American gospel music composer (d. 1933) 1855 - Ludwig Ganghofer, German writer (d. 1920) 1860 - Gustav Mahler, Austrian composer (d. 1911) 1891 - Virginia Rappe, Silent Film Actress (d. 1921) 1893 - Miroslav Krleža, Croatian writer (d. 1981) 1899 - George Cukor, American director (d. 1983) 1901 - Vittorio De Sica, Italian director (d. 1974) 1901 - Sam Katzman, American film producer (d. 1973) 1901 - Eiji Tsuburaya, Japanese film producer (d. 1970) 1902 - Ted "Double Duty" Radcliffe, American baseball player (d. 2005) 1904 - Simone Beck, French chef (d. 1991) 1906 - Satchel Paige, American baseball player (d. 1982) 1906 - Anton Karas, Viennese musician (d. 1985) 1907 - Robert A. Heinlein, American writer (d. 1988) 1908 - Revilo P. Oliver, American professor (d. 1994) 1911 - Gian Carlo Menotti, Italian-born composer (d. 2007) 1913 - Pinetop Perkins, American blues musician 1915 - Margaret Abigail Walker Alexander, African American Novelist and poet (d. 1998) 1919 - Jon Pertwee, British actor (d. 1996) 1921 - Ezzard Charles, American boxer (d. 1975) 1924 - Mary Ford, American singer (d. 1977) 1925 - Wally Phillips, American radio personality (d. 2008) 1927 - Doc Severinsen, American composer and musician 1927 - Charlie Louvin, American country musician 1930 - Henry (Hank) Mobley, American Jazz composer and saxophonist (d. 1986) 1931 - David Eddings, American author 1932 - Josef Zawinul, Austrian composer and musician (d. 2007) 1933 - Murray Halberg, New Zealand runner 1936 - Nikos Xilouris, Greek singer (d. 1980) 1936 - Jo Siffert, Swiss race car driver (d.1971) 1937 - Tung Chee-Hwa, Hong Kong administrator 1940 - Ringo Starr, English drummer and singer (The Beatles) 1942 - Carmen Duncan, Australian actress 1943 - Toto Cutugno, Italian singer 1943 - Joel Siegel, American film critic (d. 2007) 1946 - Joe Spano, American actor 1947 - Howard Rheingold, American author 1947 - Rob Townsend, English drummer (Family) 1947 - Víctor Manuel, Spanish songwriter and singer 1948 - Jean Leclerc, French-Canadian actor 1949 - Shelley Duvall, American actress 1952 - Mando Guerrero, Mexican professional wrestler 1955 - Len Barker, American baseball player 1957 - Jonathan Dayton, American film director 1957 - Berry Sakharof, Turkish-born Israeli guitarist (Minimal Compact) 1959 - Billy Campbell, American actor 1959 - Jessica Hahn, American model 1960 - Kevin A. Ford, American astronaut 1963 - Vonda Shepard, American singer 1965 - Paula Devicq, Canadian actress 1965 - Mo Collins, American actress 1965 - Jeremy Kyle, English television presenter 1966 - Jim Gaffigan, American comedian 1966 - Gundula Krause, German folk violinist 1966 - Neil Tobin, American magician 1967 - Tom Kristensen, Danish race car driver 1967 - Jackie Neal, American singer (d. 2005) 1968 - Amy Carlson, American actress 1968 - Jorja Fox, American actress 1968 - Jeff VanderMeer, American writer 1969 - Sylke Otto, German luger 1969 - Joe Sakic, Canadian ice hockey player 1969 - Nathalie Simard, French Canadian singer 1969 - Cree Summer, American voice actress 1969 - Robin Weigert, American actress 1970 - Wayne McCullough, Irish boxer 1970 - Erik Zabel, German cyclist 1970 - Robia LaMorte, American actress and dancer 1971 - Alistair Potts, British rower 1972 - Lisa Leslie, American basketball player 1972 - Manfred Stohl, Austrian rally driver 1973 - Troy Garity, American actor 1973 - José Jiménez, Dominican baseball player 1973 - Matt Mantei, American baseball player 1973 - Kārlis Skrastiņš, Latvian ice hockey player 1973 - Natsuki Takaya, Japanese manga-ka 1974 - Patrick Lalime, Canadian ice hockey player 1975 - Tony Benshoof, American luger 1975 - Michael Voss, Australian rules footballer 1976 - Dominic Foley, Irish footballer 1977 - Felix Vasquez, New York City Housing Authority employee 1979 - Carl Breeze, British racing driver 1980 - John Buck, American baseball player 1980 - Deidre Downs, American beauty queen 1980 - Michelle Kwan, American figure skater 1980 - Kaisa Jouhki, Finnish vocalist (Battlelore) 1980 - Dan Whitesides, American drummer (The Used) 1981 - Synyster Gates, American guitarist (Avenged Sevenfold) 1981 - Mahendra Singh Dhoni, Indian cricketer 1982 - Cassidy, American rapper 1982 - Mike Glita, American bassist (Senses Fail) 1982 - George Owu, Ghanaian footballer 1983 - Justin Davies, Australian rules footballer 1983 - D. Woods, American singer (Danity Kane) 1984 - Minas Alozidis, Greek hurdler 1984 - Mohammad Ashraful, Bangladeshi cricketer 1984 - Marie-Mai, Canadian singer 1987 - Lena Ma, Miss World Canada 4th runner-up 1988 - Kaci Brown, American singer 1989 - Giannoulis Fakinos, Greek footballer
1537 - Madeleine of Valois, queen of James V of Scotland (b. 1520) 1663 - Thomas Baltzar, German violinist 1730 - Olivier Levasseur, French pirate 1855 - Konstantin Batyushkov, Russian poet (b. 1787) 1865 - Mary Surratt, Lincoln conspirator (b. 1823) 1865 - Lewis Paine, Lincoln conspirator (b. 1844) 1865 - David Herold, Lincoln conspirator (b. 1842) 1865 - George Atzerodt, Lincoln conspirator (b. 1833) 1901 - Johanna Spyri, Swiss author (b. 1827) 1925 - Clarence Hudson White American photographer, (b.. 1871) 1930 - Arthur Conan Doyle, Scottish writer (b. 1859) 1932 - Alexander Grin, Russian novelist (b. 1880) 1949 - Bunk Johnson, American musician (b. 1879 or 1889) 1956 - Gottfried Benn, German poet (b. 1886) 1964 - Lillian Copeland, American athlete (b. 1904) 1967 - Jo Schlesser, French Formula One racing driver (b. 1928) 1971 - Claude Gauvreau, Canadian writer (b. 1925) 1972 - Athenagoras, Patriarch of Constantinople (b. 1886) 1973 - Veronica Lake, American actress (b. 1919) 1975 - Ruffian, American thoroughbred racehorse (b. 1972) 1980 - Dore Schary, American film producer and writer (b. 1905) 1984 - Alexander Fu Sheng, Hong Kong actor 1990 - Bill Cullen, American game show host (b. 1920) 1990 - Cazuza, Brazilian poet 1993 - Mia Zapata, American singer with The Gits (b. 1965) 2000 - Kenny Irwin, Jr. 2001 - Fred Neil, American singer-songwriter (b. 1936) 2002 - Bison Dele, American basketball player (b. 1969) 2002 - Dhirubhai Ambani, Indian business tycoon (b. 1933) 2006 - Syd Barrett, original guitarist and vocalist of the band Pink Floyd (b. 1946) 2006 - John Money, Sexologist (b. 1921) 2008 - Dorian Leigh, American supermodel (b. 1917)
1456 - A retrial verdict acquits Joan of Arc of heresy 25 years after her death. 1534 - European colonization of the Americas: first known exchange between Europeans and natives of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, in New Brunswick. 1543 - French troops invade Luxembourg. 1585 - Treaty of Nemours abolishes tolerance to Protestants in France. 1777 - American Revolutionary War: Battle of Hubbardton 1798 - Quasi-War: the U.S. Congress rescinds treaties with France sparking the 'war.' 1799 - Ranjit Singh's men take up their positions outside Lahore. 1807 - Napoleonic Wars: Peace of Tilsit between France, Prussia and Russia ends the Fourth Coalition. 1846 - Mexican-American War: American troops occupy Monterey and Yerba Buena, thus beginning the United States conquest of California. 1863 - United States begins first military draft; exemptions cost $100 1865 - American Civil War: four conspirators in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln are hanged. 1892 - Katipunan: the Revolutionary Philippine Brotherhood is established leading to the fall of the Spanish Empire in Asia. 1898 - President William McKinley signs the Newlands Resolution annexing Hawaii as a territory of the United States. 1915 - World War I: end of First Battle of the Isonzo. 1915 - A Great Gorge and International Railway trolley with an extreme overload of 157 passengers crashes near Queenston, Ontario, killing 15. 1917 - Russian Revolution: Prince Georgy Yevgenyevich Lvov forms Provisional Government in Russia after the deposing of the Tsar Nicholas II. 1928 - Sliced bread is sold for the first time by the Chillicothe Baking Company of Chillicothe, Missouri. It is described as “the greatest forward step in the baking industry since bread was wrapped". 1930 - Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser begins construction of the Boulder Dam (now known as Hoover Dam). 1937 - Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Lugou Bridge 1941 - World War II: U.S. forces land in Iceland to forestall an invasion by Germany. 1941 - World War II: Beirut is occupied by Free France and British troops. 1946 - Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini becomes the first American to be canonized. 1946 - Howard Hughes nearly dies when his XF-11 spy plane prototype crashes in a Beverly Hills neighborhood. 1947 - Alleged and disputed Roswell UFO incident. 1953 - Che Guevara sets out on a trip through Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador. 1954 - Formation of the TANU in Tanzania 1956 - Fritz Moravec reaches the peak of Gasherbrum II (8,035 m). 1958 - President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the Alaska Statehood Act into United States law. 1959 - 14:28 UT Venus occults the star Regulus. This rare event was used to determine the diameter of Venus and the structure of the Venusian atmosphere. 1967 - Beginning of the civil war in Biafra. 1969 - In Canada, the Official Languages Act is adopted making the French language equal to the English language throughout the Federal government. 1978 - The Solomon Islands become independent from the United Kingdom. 1980 - Institution of sharia in Iran. 1980 - The Safra massacre in Lebanon. 1983 - Cold War: Samantha Smith, a U.S. schoolgirl, flies to the Soviet Union at the invitation of Secretary General Yuri Andropov. 1991 - Yugoslav Wars: the Brioni Agreement ends the ten-day independence war in Slovenia against the rest of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. 2002 - A scandal breaks out in the United Kingdom when news reports accuse MI6 of sheltering Abu Qatada, the supposed European Al Qaeda leader. 2003 - The United Communist Party of Armenia is formed. 2005 - A series of four terrorist explosions occur on London's transport system killing 56 people, including four suicide bombers. 2005 - Influenced by Live 8, the G8 leaders pledge to double 2004 levels of aid to Africa from US$25 to US$50 billion by the year 2010. 2007 - Worldwide performances by charity event Live Earth. 2009 - A public memorial service is held for musician Michael Jackson. It is regarded as one of the most prominent funerals of all time. 2011 - The world's first artificial organ transplant is achieved, using an artificial windpipe coated with stem cells.