2010 - Marina Semyonova, Russian ballerina (born 1908)
721 - Odo of Aquitaine defeats the Moors in the Battle of Toulouse.
1310 - Duccio's Maestà Altarpiece, a seminal artwork of the early Italian Renaissance, is unveiled and installed in the Siena Cathedral in Siena, Italy.
1534 - Jacques Cartier is the first European to discover the St. Lawrence River.
1650 - The Harvard Corporation, the more powerful of the two administrative boards of Harvard, is established. It is the first legal corporation in the Americas.
1667 - The Raid on the Medway by the Dutch fleet begins. It lasts for five days and results in a decisive victory by the Dutch over the English in the Second Anglo-Dutch War.
1732 - James Oglethorpe is granted a royal charter for the colony of Georgia.
1772 - The British ship Gaspee is burned off the coast of Rhode Island.
1815 - End of the Congress of Vienna: New European political situation is set.
1856 - 500 Mormons leave Iowa City, Iowa and head west for Salt Lake City, Utah carrying all their possessions in two-wheeled handcarts.
1863 - American Civil War: the Battle of Brandy Station, Virginia.
1873 - Alexandra Palace burnt down, after being open for only 16 days.
1909 - Alice Huyler Ramsey, a 22-year-old housewife and mother from Hackensack, New Jersey, becomes the first woman to drive across the United States. With three female companions, none of whom could drive a car, in fifty-nine days she drove a Maxwell automobile the 3,800 miles from Manhattan, New York, to San Francisco, California.
1915 - U.S. Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan resigns over a disagreement regarding the United States' handling of the sinking of the RMS Lusitania.
1922 - First ringing of the Harkness Memorial Chime at Yale University.
1923 - Bulgaria's military takes over the government in a coup.
1928 - Charles Kingsford Smith completes the first trans-Pacific flight in a Fokker Trimotor monoplane, the Southern Cross.
1930 - Chicago Tribune reporter Jake Lingle is killed during rush hour at the Illinois Central train station by the Leo Vincent Brothers, allegedly over a $100,000 USD gambling debt owed to Al Capone.
1934 - Donald Duck makes his debut in The Wise Little Hen.
1935 - Ho-Umezu Agreement: the Republic of China, under KMT administration, recognizes Japanese occupations in Northeast China.
1944 - World War II: the Soviet Union invades East Karelia and the previously Finnish part of Karelia, occupied by Finland since 1941.
1953 - Flint-Worcester tornado outbreak sequence: a tornado spawned from the same storm system as the Flint tornado hits in Worcester, Massachusetts killing 94.
1954 - McCarthyism: Joseph Welch, special counsel for the United States Army, lashes out at Senator Joseph McCarthy during hearings on whether Communism has infiltrated the Army
1957 - First ascent of Broad Peak (the world's 12th highest mountain).
1958 - HM Queen Elizabeth II officially opens London Gatwick Airport, (LGW), Crawley, West Sussex, United Kingdom.
1959 - The USS George Washington is launched. It is the first submarine to carry ballistic missiles.
1967 - Israel captures the Golan Heights from Syria during the Six-Day War.
1968 - U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson declares a national day of mourning following the assassination of Senator Robert F. Kennedy.