Famous birthdays, deaths and events of March 14
1638 - Johann Georg Gichtel, German mystic (d. 1710) 1681 - Georg Philipp Telemann, German composer (d. 1767) 1804 - Johann Strauß, Sr. 1807 - Josephine of Leuchtenberg, queen of Sweden and Norway (d. 1876) 1813 - Joseph Philo Bradley, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1892) 1822 - Teresa of the Two Sicilies, Empress of Brazil (d. 1889) 1823 - Théodore de Banville, French writer (d. 1891) 1854 - Alexandru Macedonski, Romanian writer (d. 1920) 1854 - John Lane, British publisher (d. 1925) 1866 - Alexey Troitsky, Russian chess problemist (d. 1942) 1869 - Algernon Blackwood, British writer (d. 1951) 1885 - Raoul Lufbery, American World War I pilot (d. 1918) 1886 - Firmin Lambot, Belgian cyclist (d. 1964) 1887 - Sylvia Beach, American publisher (d. 1962) 1887 - Charles Reisner, American silent actor and film director (d. 1962) 1898 - Arnold Chikobava, Georgian linguist (d. 1985) 1903 - Adolph Gottlieb American painter, (d. 1974) 1904 - Doris Eaton Travis, American actress 1912 - Charles Van Acker, Belgian racing driver (d. 1998) 1914 - Lee Elhardt Hays, American folksinger (d. 1981) 1914 - Bill Owen, British actor (d. 1999) 1914 - Lee Petty, American race car driver (d. 2000) 1916 - Horton Foote, American author 1918 - Dennis Patrick, American actor (d. 2002) 1922 - Les Baxter, American musician and composer (d. 1996) 1925 - William Clay Ford, Sr. 1925 - Francis A. Marzen, American Catholic prelate (d. 2004) 1928 - Frank Borman, American astronaut and CEO 1931 - Phil Phillips, American singer and songwriter 1933 - Sir Michael Caine, British actor 1933 - Quincy Jones, American musician and composer 1934 - Eugene Cernan, American astronaut 1936 - Bob Charles, New Zealand golfer 1939 - Raymond J. Barry, American actor 1939 - Bertrand Blier, French film director and screenwriter 1939 - Stavros Xarhakos, Greek composer 1939 - Pilar Bardem, Spanish actress 1941 - Wolfgang Petersen, German director 1942 - Rita Tushingham, British actress 1944 - Vaclav Nedomansky, Czech hockey player 1943 - Anita Morris, American actress (d. 1994) 1945 - Jasper Carrott, British comedian 1945 - Michael Martin Murphey, American country music singer 1945 - Walter Parazaider, American saxophonist Chicago 1946 - Steve Kanaly, American actor 1947 - Pam Ayres, British poet 1948 - Billy Crystal, American actor and comedian 1950 - Rick Dees, American disc jockey 1956 - Colin Ayre, British football player 1957 - Andrew Robinson, British author 1957 - Tad Williams, American author 1958 - Albert II, Prince of Monaco 1959 - Tamara Tunie, American actress 1960 - Kirby Puckett, American baseball player (d. 2006) 1961 - Greg Anderson, American NHRA driver 1961 - Penny Johnson Jerald, American actress 1961 - Hiro Matsushita, Japanese racing driver 1963 - Bruce Reid, Australian cricketer 1965 - James Kevin Brown, American baseball player 1965 - Catherine Dent, American actress 1965 - Aamir Khan, Indian actor 1965 - Kiana Tom, American fitness guru and model 1965 - Kevin Williamson, American screenwriter 1966 - Elise Neal, American actress 1968 - Megan Follows, Canadian actress 1969 - Larry Johnson, American basketball player 1970 - Ebru Kavaklıoğlu, Russian athlete 1970 - Meredith Salenger, American actress 1974 - Patrick Traverse, Canadian ice hockey player 1975 - Stephen Harper, British/English footballer 1975 - Johan Paulik, Slovak porn star 1975 - Wendy Rice, American actress 1975 - Rico Yan, Filipino actor (d. 2002) 1976 - Merlin Santana, American actor (d. 2002) 1977 - Aki Hoshino, Japanese model 1978 - Pieter van den Hoogenband, Dutch swimmer 1978 - Carlo Giuliani, Italian anarchist (d. 2001) 1979 - Nicolas Anelka, French footballer 1979 - Chris Klein, American actor 1979 - Love, Angolan footballer 1979 - Sead Ramović, German-born Bosnian footballer 1980 - Aaron Brown, British/English footballer 1980 - Matteo Grassotto, Italian racing driver 1980 - Ben Herring, New Zealand rugby union footballer 1980 - Mercedes McNab, Canadian-born actress 1981 - Bobby Jenks, American baseball player 1981 - Mei-Ting Sun, Chinese-born pianist 1982 - Carlos Marinelli, Argentine footballer 1982 - François Sterchele, Belgian footballer (d. 2008) 1982 - Kate Maberly, British actor 1983 - Bakhtiyar Artayev, Kazakh boxer 1983 - Taylor Hanson, American musician 1984 - Liesel Matthews, American former child actress 1985 - Eva Angelina, American porn star 1985 - Idaira, Spanish singer 1985 - Brianna Love, American porn Star 1986 - Jamie Bell, British actor 1986 - Elton Chigumbura, Zimbabwean cricketer 1986 - Andy Taylor, British/English footballer
968 - Matilda of Ringelheim, German Queen (c. 895) 1471 - Sir Thomas Malory, English author (b. 1405) 1647 - Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange (b. 1584) 1648 - Ferdinando Fairfax, 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron 1680 - René Le Bossu, French critic (b. 1631) 1803 - Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, German writer (b. 1724) 1933 - Balto, husky dog who brought back the antitoxin in 1925 1973 - Rafael Godoy, Colombian composer (b. 1907) 1975 - Susan Hayward, American actress (b. 1917) 1976 - Busby Berkeley, American choreographer and director (b. 1895) 1983 - Maurice Ronet, French film actor (b. 1927) 1991 - Howard Ashman, American lyricist and playwright (b. 1950) 1991 - Doc Pomus, American composer (b. 1925) 1991 - Margery Sharp, children's author (b. 1905) 1992 - Jean Poiret, French actor 1997 - Fred Zinnemann, Austrian-born director (b. 1907) 1999 - Kirk Alyn, American actor (b. 1910) 2002 - Cherry Wilder, New Zealand-born author (b. 1930) 2003 - Jean-Luc Lagardère, French publisher (b. 1928) 2006 - Ann Calvello, Roller Derby Queen (b. 1929) 2007 - Gareth Hunt, English actor (b. 1943) 2008 - Anthony Minghella, English Oscar winning film director (b. 1954) 2009 - Coy Watson, Jr., 96, American silent film child actor, stomach cancer. 2009 - Dick Ross, 90, American television and film producer. 2009 - Robin Mukherjee, 65, Indian cricketer, heart attack. 2009 - Jeff Komlo, 52, American football player, fugitive, car crash. 2009 - Millard Kaufman, 92, American screenwriter (Bad Day at Black Rock), co-creator of Mr. Magoo. 2009 - Citizen Kafka, 61, American broadcaster and musician. 2009 - Terence Edmond, 69, British actor (Z-Cars), bronchiectasis. 2009 - Altovise Davis, 65, American actress and dancer, widow of Sammy Davis, Jr., stroke. 2009 - Alain Bashung, 61, French singer, composer and actor, lung cancer. 2010 - Peter Graves, American actor (born 1926)
1489 - The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sells her kingdom to Venice. 1590 - Battle of Ivry: Henry of Navarre and the Huguenots defeat the forces of the Catholic League under the Duc de Mayenne during the French Wars of Religion. 1647 - Thirty Years' War: Bavaria, Cologne, France and Sweden sign the Truce of Ulm. 1757 - On-board the HMS Monarch, Admiral John Byng is executed by firing squad for neglecting his duty. 1794 - Eli Whitney is granted a patent for the cotton gin. 1869 - Defeat of Titokowaru. 1889 - German Ferdinand von Zeppelin patents his "Navigable Balloon" 1900 - The Gold Standard Act is ratified, placing United States currency on the gold standard. 1903 - The Hay-Herran Treaty, granting the United States the right to build the Panama Canal, is ratified by the United States Senate. The Colombian Senate would later reject the treaty. 1910 - Lakeview Gusher, the largest U.S. oil well gusher near Bakersfield, California, vented to atmosphere. 1915 - World War I: Cornered off the coast of Chile by the Royal Navy after fleeing the Battle of the Falkland Islands, the German light cruiser SMS Dresden is abandoned and scuttled by her crew. 1926 - A train in Costa Rica falls into the Río Virilla, killing 248 and injuring 93. 1939 - German troops fully occupy the Czechoslovak provinces of Bohemia and Moravia. 1942 - John Bumstead and Orvan Hess became the first in the world to successfully treat a patient, Anne Miller, using penicillin. 1943 - World War II 1945 - World War II 1951 - Korean War: For the second time, United Nations troops recapture Seoul. 1964 - A jury in Dallas, Texas find Jack Ruby guilty of killing Lee Harvey Oswald, assassin of John F. Kennedy. 1967 - The body of President John F. Kennedy is moved to a permanent burial place at Arlington National Cemetery. 1978 - The Israeli Defense Force invades and occupies southern Lebanon, in Operation Litani. 1979 - In China, a Hawker Siddeley Trident crashes into a factory near Beijing, killing at least 200. 1980 - In Poland, a plane crashes during an emergency landing near Warsaw, killing 87 people, including a 14-man American boxing team. 1984 - Gerry Adams, head of Sinn Féin, is seriously wounded in an assassination attempt in central Belfast. 1994 - Timeline of Linux development: Linux kernel version 1.0.0 is released. 1995 - Space Exploration: Astronaut Norman Thagard becomes the first American astronaut to ride to space on-board a Russian launch vehicle. 1997 - The Chinese city of Chongqing (formerly Chunking) is upgraded to a centrally administered municipality. 1998 - An earthquake measuring 6.9 on the Richter scale hits southeastern Iran. 2005 - Cedar Revolution, where over one and a million Lebanese went into the streets of Beirut to demonstrate against the Syrian military presence in Lebanon, and against the government, following the assassination of Prime Minister Rafik Hariri.