Famous birthdays, deaths and events of March 18
1496 - Mary Tudor, daughter of Henry VII of England and queen consort of Louis XII of France (d. 1533) 1634 - Marie-Madeleine Pioche de la Vergne, comtesse de la Fayette 1657 - Giuseppe Ottavio Pitoni, Italian composer (d. 1743) 1679 - Matthew Decker, English merchant and writer (d. 1759) 1813 - Christian Friedrich Hebbel, German writer (d. 1864) 1840 - William Cosmo Monkhouse, English poet and critic (d. 1901) 1842 - Stéphane Mallarmé, French poet (d. 1898) 1844 - Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Russian composer (d. 1908) 1872 - Anna Held, Polish actress and singer (d. 1918) 1877 - Edgar Cayce, American psychic (d. 1945) 1877 - Clem Hill, Australian cricketer (d. 1945) 1882 - Gian Francesco Malipiero, Italian composer (d. 1973) 1886 - Edward Everett Horton, American actor (d. 1970) 1898 - Jake Swirbul, American aircraft manufacturer (d. 1960) 1893 - Costante Girardengo, Italian cyclist (d. 1978) 1893 - Wilfred Owen, British poet (d. 1918) 1893 - Jean Goldkette, Greek-born jazz musician (d. 1962) 1904 - Srečko Kosovel, Slovenian poet (d. 1926) 1905 - Robert Donat, English actor (d. 1958) 1907 - John Zachary Young, British biologist (d. 1997) 1909 - Ernest Gallo, American winemaker (d. 2007) 1911 - Smiley Burnette, American singer and songwriter (d. 1967) 1913 - René Clément, French film director and screenwriter (d. 1996) 1915 - Richard Condon, American novelist (d. 1996) 1917 - Frederika of Hanover, queen of the Hellenes (d. 1981) 1918 - Al Benton, American baseball player (d. 1968) 1918 - Bob Broeg, American sports writer (d. 2005) 1919 - Christopher Challis, British cinematographer 1920 - Jack Warden, American actor (d.2006) 1926 - Peter Graves, American actor 1926 - Dick Littlefield, American baseball player (d. 1997) 1927 - John Kander, American songwriter 1927 - George Plimpton, American writer and actor (d. 2003) 1928 - Miguel Poblet, Spanish cyclist 1929 - John Macurdy, American bass 1930 - Pat Halcox, British musician 1931 - John Fraser, Scottish-born stage 1932 - John Updike, American author 1937 - Mark Donohue, American race car driver (d. 1975) 1937 - Rudi Altig, German cyclist 1938 - Charley Pride, American musician 1938 - Shashi Kapoor, Indian Actor 1938 - Timo Mäkinen, Finnish race car driver 1939 - Giannis Markopoulos, Greek composer 1941 - Wilson Pickett, American singer (d. 2006) 1942 - Albert Van Vlierberghe, Belgian cyclist (d. 1991) 1943 - Kevin Dobson, American actor 1943 - Toula Grivas, Greek actress 1945 - Joy Fielding, Canadian novelist and actress 1945 - Michael Reagan, American radio host and adopted son of Ronald Reagan 1946 - Martyn Griffiths, British racing driver 1946 - Michel Leclère, French racing driver 1947 - B.J. Wilson, English drummer (d. 1990) 1947 - Patrick Chesnais, French actor 1947 - Patrick Barlow, English actor 1947 - Heather Ryan, American model and Playmate of the Month 1948 - Guy Lapointe, Canadian ice hockey player 1948 - Lockwood Phillips, American radio host 1948 - Brian Lloyd, Welsh footballer 1949 - Alex Higgins, Northern Irish snooker player 1949 - Hannu Siitonen, Finnish athlete 1950 - Brad Dourif, American actor 1950 - Rodney Milburn, American athlete (d. 1997) 1950 - Eiji Okuda, Japanese actor and film director 1950 - Larry Perkins, Australian racing driver 1950 - John Hartman, American drummer (Doobie Brothers 1951 - Bill Frisell, American jazz musician 1952 - Mike Webster, American football player (d. 2002) 1956 - Ingemar Stenmark, Swedish skier 1956 - Deborah Jeane Palfrey, 1957 - György Pazdera, Hungarian bassist (Pokolgép) 1957 - Christer Fuglesang, Swedish ESA astronaut 1959 - Luc Besson, French producer 1959 - Irene Cara, American actress and singer 1960 - Richard Biggs, American actor (d. 2004) 1960 - James MacPherson, Scottish actor 1962 - Thomas Ian Griffith, American actor 1962 - James McMurtry, American folk singer/songwriter 1962 - Mike Rowe, American television personality 1962 - Etsushi Toyokawa, Japanese actor 1962 - Brian Fisher, American baseball player 1963 - Jeff LaBar, American guitarist 1963 - Vanessa L. Williams, American beauty queen 1963 - Keith Brown, English cricketer 1964 - Bonnie Blair, American speed skater 1964 - Courtney Pine, British jazz saxophonist 1964 - Rozalla, Zambian singer 1964 - Alex Caffi, Italian racecar driver 1964 - Paul Elliott, English footballer 1965 - Yoriko Douguchi, Japanese actress 1965 - Birgit Clarius, German heptathlete 1966 - Jerry Cantrell, American musician 1966 - Daniel S. Nevins, American rabbi 1967 - Miki Berenyi, English singer (Lush) 1967 - Ken Edenfield, American basenall player 1968 - Shinichiro Miki, Japanese seiyu (voice actor) 1968 - Eudes, duc d'Angoulême 1969 - Vassily Ivanchuk, Ukrainian chess player 1969 - Shaun Udal, English cricketer 1969 - Andy Cutting, English folk musician and composer 1970 - Queen Latifah, American singer and actress 1972 - Dane Cook, American comedian and actor 1972 - Anja Möllenbeck, German discus thrower 1973 - Max Barry, Australian author 1973 - Luci Christian, American voice actress 1974 - Laure Savasta, French basketball player 1975 - Brian Griese, American football player 1975 - Tomas Žvirgždauskas, Lithuanian footballer 1975 - Sutton Foster, American actress 1975 - Rodleen Getsic, American musician 1976 - Jovan Kirovski, American soccer player 1976 - Tomokazu Ohka, Japanese baseball player 1976 - Scott Podsednik, American baseball player 1976 - Michael Spillane, American wrestler 1976 - Giovanna Antonelli, Brazilian actress 1977 - Danny Murphy, English footballer 1977 - Zdeno Chára, Slovak ice hockey player 1977 - Devin Lima, American singer 1977 - Willy Sagnol, French footballer 1977 - Terrmel Sledge, American baseball player 1977 - Fernando Rodney, Dominican baseball player 1978 - Khalilah Adams, American actress 1978 - Yoshie Takeshita, Japanese volleyball player 1978 - Jan Bulis, Czech ice hockey player 1978 - Jonas Wallerstedt, Swedish footballer 1979 - Adam Levine, American singer (Maroon 5) 1979 - Brandon Lee, American adult actor 1979 - Danneel Harris, American actress 1979 - Dramane Coulibaly, Malian footballer 1979 - Anthony Maher, American soccer player 1980 - Alexei Yagudin, Russian figure skater 1980 - Sophia Myles, English actress 1980 - Sebastien Frey, French footballer 1981 - Jang Nara, Korean singer and actress 1981 - Tora Berger, Norwegian biathlete 1981 - Kasib Powell, American basketball player 1982 - Chad Cordero, American baseball player 1982 - Timo Glock German Formula 1 driver, 1982 - Pedro Mantorras, Angolan footballer 1983 - Andy Sonnanstine, American baseball player 1983 - Tomasz Stolpa, Polish footballer 1984 - Vonzell Solomon, American Idol Contestant 1985 - Vince Lia, Australian Footballer 1985 - Gennaro Esposito, Italian footballer 1986 - Bia Figueiredo, Brazilian racing driver 1986 - Abdennour Cherif El Ouazzani, Algerian footballer 1986 - Kaloyan Ivanov, Bulgarian basketball player 1987 - Mauro Zárate, Argentinian Footballer 1987 - Gabriel Mercado, Argentinian Footballer 1987 - Cesare Rickler, Italian footballer 1996 - Madeline Carroll, American actress
1314 - Jacques DeMolay, Frankish noble 1584 - Tsar Ivan IV of Russia, (b. 1530) 1696 - Robert Charnock, English conspirator 1768 - Laurence Sterne, Irish writer (b. 1713) 1823 - Jean-Baptiste Breval, French composer (b. 1753) 1898 - Matilda Joslyn Gage, American suffragist (b. 1826) 1941 - Henri Cornet, French cyclist (b. 1884) 1945 - William Grover-Williams, British racing driver 1963 - Wanda Hawley, American actress (b. 1895) 1964 - Sigfrid Edström, Swedish sports official (b. 1870) 1969 - Barbara Bates, American film actress (b. 1925) 1973 - Lauritz Melchior, Danish-born American opera singer (b. 1890) 1975 - Alain Grandbois, Quebec poet (b. 1900) 1976 - Giuseppe Genco Russo, Sicilian mafioso (b. 1893) 1977 - José Carlos Pace, Brazilian racing driver (b. 1944) 1978 - Leigh Brackett, American author (b. 1915) 1978 - Peggy Wood, American actress (b. 1892) 1984 - Charlie Lau, American baseball player (b. 1933) 1986 - Bernard Malamud, American writer (b. 1914) 1988 - Billy Butterfield, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1917) 1990 - Robin Harris, American actor and comedian (b. 1953) 1995 - Robin Jacques, illustrator of children's books (b. 1920) 1996 - Odysseas Elytis, Greek poet 2001 - John Phillips, American musician (The Mamas and the Papas) (b. 1935) 2002 - R.A. Lafferty, American science fiction writer (b. 1914) 2003 - Karl Kling, German race car driver (b. 1910) 2006 - Michael Attwell, British actor (b. 1943) 2006 - Dan Gibson, musician (b. 1922) 2008 - Anthony Minghella, Film Director (b. 1954) 2008 - Andrew Britton, Author (b. 1981) 2009 - Natasha Richardson, 45, British actress, epidural hematoma. 2009 - Pocholo Ramirez, 76, Filipino race car driver and television host, cancer. 2009 - Moultrie Patten, 89, American actor (Northern Exposure) and jazz musician, pneumonia. 2009 - Yeremey Parnov, 73, Russian writer. 2009 - Lil E. Tee, 20, American racehorse, Kentucky Derby winner (1992), euthanized. 2009 - Eddie Bo, 79, American singer and pianist, heart attack.
1241 - Kraków is ravaged by Mongols. 1314 - Jacques de Molay, the 23rd and the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, is burned at the stake. 1325 - According to legend, Tenochtitlan is founded on this date. The event is depicted on the Mexican coat of arms. 1438 - Albert II of Habsburg becomes King of Germany. 1673 - John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton sells his part of New Jersey to the Religious Society of Friends, commonly known as Quakers. 1766 - American Revolution: The British Parliament repeals the Stamp Act, which had been very unpopular in the British colonies. 1781 - Charles Messier rediscovers global cluster M92 1793 - The first republican state in Germany, the Republic of Mainz, is declared by Andreas Joseph Hofmann. 1834 - Six farm labourers from Tolpuddle, Dorset, England are sentenced to be transported to Australia for forming a trade union. 1850 - American Express is founded by Henry Wells and William Fargo. 1865 - American Civil War: The Congress of the Confederate States of America adjourns for the last time. 1871 - Declaration of the Paris Commune; President of the French Republic, Adolphe Thiers, orders evacuation of Paris. 1874 - Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trading rights. 1893 - Former Governor General Lord Stanley pledges to donate a silver challenge cup, later named after him, as an award for the best hockey team in Canada; originally presented to amateur champions, the Stanley Cup has been awarded to the top pro team since 1910, and since 1926, only to National Hockey League teams. 1906 - Traian Vuia flies a self-propelled heavier-than-air aircraft. 1909 - Einar Dessau uses a short-wave radio transmitter, becoming the first radio broadcaster. 1915 - World War I: Massive naval attack in Battle of Gallipoli. Three battleships are sunk during a failed British and French naval attack on the Dardanelles. 1921 - The second Peace of Riga between Poland and Soviet Union. 1922 - In India, Mohandas Gandhi is sentenced to six years in prison for civil disobedience. He would serve only 2 years. 1922 - The first public celebration of Bat mitzvah, for the daughter of Rabbi Mordecai Kaplan, is held in New York City. 1925 - The Tri-State Tornado hits the Midwestern states of Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana, killing 695 people. 1937 - The New London School explosion kills three hundred, mostly children. 1937 - Spanish Civil War: Spanish Republican forces defeat the Italians at the Battle of Guadalajara. 1937 - The human-powered aircraft, Pedaliante, flies 1 kilometre (0.62 miles) outside Milan. 1938 - Mexico nationalizes all foreign-owned oil properties within its borders. 1940 - World War II: Axis Powers 1944 - The eruption of Mount Vesuvius in Italy kills 26 and causes thousands to flee their homes. 1945 - World War II: 1,250 American bombers attack Berlin. 1946 - Diplomatic relations between Switzerland and the Soviet Union are established. 1948 - Soviet consultants have left Yugoslavia in first sign of Tito-Stalin split. 1953 - An earthquake hits western Turkey, killing 250. 1959 - President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs a bill into law allowing for Hawaiian statehood, which would become official on August 21. 1962 - The Evian Accords put an end to the Algerian War of Independence, which began in 1954. 1965 - Cosmonaut Aleksei Leonov, leaving his spacecraft Voskhod 2 for 12 minutes, becomes the first person to walk in space. 1967 - The Supertanker Torrey Canyon runs aground off the Cornish coast. 1968 - Gold standard: The U.S. Congress repeals the requirement for a gold reserve to back US currency. 1970 - Lon Nol ousts Prince Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia. 1971 - A landslide at Chungar, Peru crashes into Lake Yanahuani killing 200. 1974 - Oil embargo crisis: Most OPEC nations end a five-month oil embargo against the United States, Europe and Japan. 1980 - At Plesetsk Cosmodrome in Russia, 50 people are killed by an explosion of a Vostok-2M rocket on its launch pad during a fueling operation. 1989 - In Egypt, a 4,400-year-old mummy is found in the Pyramid of Cheops. 1990 - In the largest art theft in US history, 12 paintings, collectively worth around $300 million, are stolen from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston, Massachusetts. 1996 - A nightclub fire in Quezon City, Philippines kills 162. 1997 - The tail of a Russian Antonov An-24 charter plane breaks off while en-route to Turkey causing the plane to crash and killing all 50 on board and leading to the grounding of all An-24s. 2003 - FBI agents raid the corporate headquarters of HealthSouth Corporation in Birmingham, Alabama on suspicion of massive corporate fraud led by the company's top executives. 2003 - British Sign Language is recognised as an official British language. 2005 - Terri Schiavo's feeding tube is removed at the request of her husband.