Famous birthdays, deaths and events of March 2
1316 - Robert II of Scotland, (d. 1390) 1800 - Evgeny Baratynsky, Russian poet (d. 1844) 1820 - Multatuli, Dutch writer (d. 1887) 1824 - Bedřich Smetana, Czech composer (d. 1884) 1836 - Henry Billings Brown, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1913) 1859 - Sholom Aleichem, Russian novelist (d. 1916) 1886 - Willis O'Brien, American animator (d. 1962) 1900 - Kurt Weill, German composer (d. 1950) 1902 - Moe Berg, American baseball player and spy (d. 1972) 1904 - Dr. Seuss, American author (d. 1991) 1908 - Fyodor Matveyevich Okhlopkov, Yakut-born Soviet sniper (d. 1968) 1909 - Mel Ott, American baseball player (d. 1958) 1912 - Henry Katzman, American composer and pianist (d. 2001) 1913 - Godfried Bomans, Dutch author and television personality (d. 1971) 1913 - Celedonio Romero, Spanish guitarist (d. 1996) 1913 - Mort Cooper, American baseball player (d. 1958) 1914 - Martin Ritt, American director (d. 1990) 1917 - Jim Konstanty, American baseball player (d. 1976) 1917 - David Goodis, American writer (d. 1967) 1919 - Jennifer Jones, American actress 1919 - Tamara Toumanova, Russian ballerina and actress (d. 1996) 1923 - Orrin Keepnews, American writer and critic 1927 - Roger Walkowiak, French cyclist 1930 - Emma Penella, Spanish actress (d. 2007) 1930 - John Cullum, American actor and singer 1931 - Tom Wolfe, American author 1935 - Al Waxman, Canadian actor (d. 2001) 1938 - Lawrence Payton, American singer and songwriter (The Four Tops) (d. 1997) 1940 - Tony Croatto, Italian-born composer (d. 2005) 1942 - Peter Guber, American film producer 1942 - John Irving, American author 1942 - Luc Plamondon, French Canadian lyricist 1942 - Lou Reed, American singer and guitarist 1943 - Zygfryd Blaut, Polish footballer (d. 2005) 1943 - Claude Larose, French Canadian ice hockey player 1943 - Tony Meehan, English drummer (The Shadows) (d. 2005) 1943 - Peter Straub, American author 1944 - Uschi Glas, German actress 1948 - Larry Carlton, American guitarist 1948 - Rory Gallagher, Irish guitarist (d. 1995) 1949 - Alain Chamfort, French singer 1949 - Gates McFadden, American actress 1949 - J. P. R. Williams, Welsh Rugby Union player 1950 - Karen Carpenter, American singer and drummer (The Carpenters) (d. 1983) 1950 - Jeffrey Chodorow, American restaurateur and financier 1952 - Mark Evanier, American writer 1952 - Laraine Newman, American actress 1955 - Jay Osmond, American musician (The Osmonds) 1956 - Mark Evans, Australian bassist (AC/DC) 1956 - John Cowsill, American musician (The Cowsills) 1958 - Ian Woosnam, Welsh golfer 1958 - Kevin Curren, South African-born tennis player 1960 - Hector Calma, Filipino basketball player 1962 - Jon Bon Jovi, American musician (Bon Jovi) 1962 - Al Del Greco, American football player 1962 - Morioka Hiroyuki, Japanese writer 1962 - Michael Salinger, American poet 1962 - Scott Sterling, American musician (Scott La Rock) 1963 - Tuff Hedeman, American bull rider 1963 - Tanyu Kiryakov, Bulgarian pistol shooter 1964 - Megan Leigh, American porn star (d. 1990) 1964 - Mike Von Erich, American professional wrestler (d. 1987) 1965 - Ron Gant, American baseball player 1968 - Daniel Craig, English actor 1971 - Dave Gorman, English documentary comedian 1971 - Elizabeth Lackey, American actress 1972 - Richard Ruccolo, American actor 1972 - Amber Smith, American actress and model 1973 - Trevor Sinclair, English footballer 1973 - Dejan Bodiroga, Serbian basketball player 1974 - Monika Niederstätter, Italian athlete 1974 - Hayley Lewis, Australian swimmer 1977 - Chris Martin, English musician (Coldplay) 1977 - Heather McComb, American actress 1977 - Andrew Strauss, English cricket player 1977 - Jay Gibbons, American baseball player 1978 - Giannis Skopelitis, Greek footballer 1979 - Damien Duff, Irish footballer 1979 - Sergei Davydov, Belarusian figure skater 1979 - Nicky Weaver, English footballer 1980 - Édson Nobre, Angolan footballer 1980 - Lance Cade, American professional wrestler 1980 - Karl Dominik, China based foreign actor 1981 - Bryce Dallas Howard, American actress 1982 - Kevin Kurányi, German footballer 1982 - Henrik Lundqvist, Swedish ice hockey player 1982 - Ben Roethlisberger, American football player 1982 - Corey Webster, American football player 1983 - Glen Perkins, American baseball player 1984 - Elizabeth Jagger, English model and actress 1985 - Robert Iler, American actor 1985 - Reggie Bush, American football player 1985 - Luke Pritchard, British singer (The Kooks) 1988 - Keith Jack, British singer and actor 1988 - Matthew Mitcham, Australian diver 1988 - Nadine Samonte, Filipino actress
1316 - Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert I of Scotland (b. 1296) 1589 - Alessandro Cardinal Farnese, Italian cardinal (b. 1520) 1758 - Pierre Guérin de Tencin, French cardinal (b. 1679) 1829 - Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez, conspirator and supporter of the Mexican War of Independence (b. 1768) 1865 - Carl Sylvius Völkner, German missionary to New Zealand (b. 1819) 1930 - D. H. Lawrence, English writer (b. 1885) 1938 - Ben Harney, American composer and pianist (b. 1871) 1939 - Howard Carter, British archaeologist (b. 1874) 1953 - Jim Lightbody, American runner (b. 1882) 1958 - Fred Merkle, American baseball figure (b. 1888) 1959 - Eric Blore, English actor (b. 1887) 1967 - José Martínez Ruiz, Spanish poet and writer (b. 1873) 1973 - Cleo A. Noel, Jr. 1974 - Salvador Puig Antich, Spanish anarchist (b. 1948) 1979 - Christy Ring Irish hurler, (b. 1920) 1982 - Philip K. Dick, American author (b. 1928) 1987 - Randolph Scott, American actor and director (b. 1898) 1991 - Serge Gainsbourg, French singer (b. 1928) 1992 - Sandy Dennis, American actress (b. 1937) 1994 - Anita Morris, American actress (b. 1943) 1999 - David Ackles, American singer and songwriter (b. 1937) 1999 - Dusty Springfield, English singer (b. 1939) 2003 - Hank Ballard, American musician (b. 1927) 2003 - Malcolm Williamson, Australian composer (b. 1931) 2004 - Cormac McAnallen, Northern Irish Gaelic footballer (b. 1980) 2004 - Mercedes McCambridge, American actress (b. 1916) 2004 - Marge Schott, American baseball team owner (b. 1928) 2005 - Rick Mahler, American baseball player (b. 1953) 2005 - Martin Denny, American musician (b. 1911) 2006 - Jack Wild, British actor (b. 1952) 2007 - Clem Labine, American baseball player (b. 1926) 2007 - Henri Troyat, French writer 2008 - Jeff Healey, Canadian musician (b. 1966) 2009 - Urban Sea, 20, French racehorse and broodmare, Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe winner (1993), complications during foaling. 2009 - Chris Finnegan, 64, British boxer, Olympic middleweight champion (1968), complications from pneumonia.
986 - Louis V becomes King of the Franks. 1127 - Assassination of Charles the Good, Count of Flanders. 1717 - The Loves of Mars and Venus becomes the first ballet performed in England. 1791 - Long-distance communication speeds up with the unveiling of a semaphore machine in Paris. 1807 - The U.S. Congress passes an act to "prohibit the importation of slaves into any port or place within the jurisdiction of the United States... from any foreign kingdom, place, or country." 1808 - The inaugural meeting of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, was held in Edinburgh. 1815 - Signing of Kandyan treaty by British invaders and Sri Lankan King. 1836 - Texas Revolution: Declaration of independence of the Republic of Texas from Mexico. 1842 - The Grand National steeplechase at Aintree near Liverpool England is won by Gaylad, ridden by Tom Olliver. 1855 - Alexander II becomes Tsar of Russia. 1861 - Nevada Territory and Dakota Territory are organized as political divisions of the United States. 1861 - Emancipation reform of 1861 in Russia: Tsar Alexander II signed the emancipation reform into law, abolishing Russian serfdom. 1863 - The United States Congress authorizes track width of 4 ft 8½ in (1,435 mm) for Union Pacific Railroad 1865 - Second Taranaki War: The Volkner Incident in New Zealand. 1867 - The United States Congress passed the 1st Reconstruction Act 1877 - U.S. presidential election, 1876: Just two days before inauguration, the U.S. Congress declares Rutherford B. Hayes the winner of the election even though Samuel J. Tilden had won the popular vote on November 7, 1876. 1888 - The Convention of Constantinople is signed, guaranteeing free maritime passage through the Suez Canal during war and peace. 1896 - Ethiopia defeats Italy in the Battle of Adwa, marking the first victory of an African nation over a colonial power. 1899 - In the state of Washington, USA, Mount Rainier National Park is established. 1901 - The United States Congress passes the Platt amendment, limiting the autonomy of Cuba as a condition for the withdrawal of American troops. 1903 - In New York City the Martha Washington Hotel opens, becoming the first hotel exclusively for women. 1917 - The enactment of the Jones-Shafroth Act grants Puerto Ricans United States citizenship. 1917 - (Old Style) 1919 - The first Communist International meets in Moscow. 1937 - The Steel Workers Organizing Committee signs a surprise collective bargaining agreement with U.S. Steel, leading to unionization of the United States steel industry. 1939 - Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli is elected Pope and takes the name Pius XII. 1941 - World War II: First German military units enter Bulgaria after it joined the Axis Pact. 1943 - World War II: Battle of the Bismarck Sea 1943 - 173 people die in the Bethnal Green Tube Disaster, London, the worst civilian disaster of World War 2. 1946 - Ho Chi Minh is elected the President of North Vietnam. 1949 - Captain James Gallagher lands his B-50 Superfortress Lucky Lady II in Fort Worth, Texas after completing the first non-stop around-the-world airplane flight in 94 hours and one minute. 1949 - The first automatic street light was installed in New Milford, Conn.. 1953 - The Academy Awards are first broadcast on television by NBC. 1956 - Morocco declares its independence from France. 1962 - In Burma, the army led by General Ne Win seizes power in a coup. 1962 - Wilt Chamberlain sets the single-game scoring record in the National Basketball Association by tallying 100 points. 1969 - In Toulouse, France the first test flight of the Anglo-French Concorde is conducted. 1969 - Soviet and Chinese forces clash at a border outpost on the Ussuri River. 1970 - Rhodesia declares itself a republic, breaking its last links with the British crown. 1972 - The Pioneer 10 space probe is launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida with a mission to explore the outer planets. 1978 - Czech Vladimír Remek becomes the first non-Russian or non-American to go into space, when he is launched aboard Soyuz 28. 1989 - Twelve European Community nations agree to ban the production of all chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) by the end of the century. 1990 - Nelson Mandela elected deputy President of the African National Congress. 1991 - Battle at Rumaila Oil Field brings end to the 1991 Gulf War. 1992 - Moldova joins the United Nations. 1998 - Data sent from the Galileo spacecraft indicates that Jupiter's moon Europa has a liquid ocean under a thick crust of ice. 2002 - U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda begins, (ending on March 19 after killing 500 Taliban and al Qaeda fighters, with 11 Western troop fatalities). 2003 - The first International Symposium on Taiwan Sign Language Linguistics is held at Chung Cheng University. 2004 - Voters in the U.S. state of Georgia vote on a referendum concerning its Confederacy-derived flag. 2004 - War in Iraq: Al Qaeda carries out the Ashoura Massacre in Iraq, killing 170 and wounding over 500. 2008 - Riots in Yerevan, Armenia concerning the Armenian presidential election, 2008 come to a fatal end, with police forces clashing with civilians in their peaceful protest, resulting in 8 deaths. 2009 - President of Guinea-Bissau João Bernardo Vieira is assassinated during an armed attack on his residence in Bissau.