Famous birthdays, deaths and events of March 27
1416 - Antonio Squarcialupi, Italian composer (d. 1480) 1676 - Francis II Rákóczi, leader of the Hungarian uprising against the Habsburg (d. 1735) 1702 - Johann Ernst Eberlin, German composer (d. 1762) 1712 - Claude Bourgelat, French veterinary surgeon (d. 1779) 1746 - Michael Bruce, Scottish poet (d. 1767) 1797 - Alfred de Vigny, French author (d. 1863) 1809 - Baron Haussmann, French civic planner (d. 1891) 1813 - Nathaniel Currier, American illustrator (d. 1888) 1817 - Karl Wilhelm von Nägeli, Swiss biologist (d. 1891) 1851 - Vincent d'Indy, French composer and teacher (d. 1931) 1857 - Karl Pearson, English statistician (d. 1936) 1859 - George Giffen, Australian cricketer (d. 1927) 1871 - Heinrich Mann, German writer (d. 1950) 1883 - Marie Under, Estonian author and poet (d. 1980) 1892 - Ferde Grofé, American composer (d. 1972) 1893 - Karl Mannheim, Hungarian sociologist (d. 1947) 1899 - Gloria Swanson, American actress (d. 1983) 1901 - Carl Barks, American illustrator (d. 2000) 1901 - Kenneth Slessor, Australian poet (d. 1971) 1902 - Charles Lang, American cinematographer (d. 1998) 1906 - Pee Wee Russell, American musician (d. 1969) 1909 - Ben Webster, American jazz saxophonist (d. 1973) 1914 - Richard Denning, American actor (d. 1998) 1914 - Budd Schulberg, American screenwriter and novelist 1915 - Robert Lockwood, Jr. 1920 - Robin Jacques, illustrator (d. 1995) 1921 - Harold Nicholas, American dancer (d. 2000) 1922 - Stefan Wul, French author (d. 2003) 1923 - Endo Shusaku, Japanese author (d. 1996) 1923 - Louis Simpson, Jamaican-born poet 1924 - Sarah Vaughan, American singer (d. 1990) 1931 - David Janssen, American actor (d. 1980) 1935 - Abelardo Castillo, Argentine writer 1935 - Julian Glover, British actor 1935 - Fr. Stanley Rother, Roman Catholic Priest 1939 - Cale Yarborough, American race car driver 1940 - Janis Martin, American singer (d. 2007) 1940 - Austin Pendleton, American actor 1942 - Michael York, English actor 1942 - Michael Jackson, English writer (d. 2007) 1944 - Khosrow Shakibai, Iranian actor (d. 2008) 1946 - Olaf Malolepski, German musician (Die Flippers) 1947 - Brian Jones, British balloonist 1950 - Tony Banks, English musician (Genesis) 1950 - Lynn McGlothen, American baseball player (d. 1984) 1952 - Maria Schneider, French actress 1952 - Richard Séguin, Quebec singer and songwriter 1956 - Thomas Wassberg, Swedish cross-country skier 1957 - Billy Mackenzie, Scottish musician (Associates) (d. 1997) 1959 - Andrew Farriss, Australian musician (INXS) 1960 - Hans Pflügler, German footballer 1961 - Tak Matsumoto, Japanese guitarist (B'z) 1961 - Tony Rominger, Swiss cyclist 1962 - Jann Arden, Canadian musician 1963 - Charly Alberti, Argentinian musician 1963 - Randall Cunningham American football player, 1963 - Quentin Tarantino, American director 1963 - Xuxa, Brazilian television personality 1964 - Glenn Carter, English actor and singer-songwriter 1966 - Paula Trickey, American actress 1967 - Paul Adams, American celebrity 1967 - Talisa Soto, American actress 1967 - Kenta Kobashi, Japanese professional wrestler 1968 - Sandra Hess, Swiss-born actress and model 1969 - Kevin Corrigan, American actor 1969 - Pauley Perrette, American actress 1970 - Mariah Carey, American soul/dance-pop singer 1970 - Brent Fitz, Canadian musician (Theory of a Deadman) 1970 - Brendan Hill, British drummer (Blues Traveler) 1970 - Elizabeth Mitchell, American actress 1971 - Thom Barron, German porn star 1971 - David Coulthard, Scottish Formula One driver 1971 - Nathan Fillion, Canadian actor 1972 - Charlie Haas, professional wrestler 1972 - Jimmy Floyd Hasselbaink, Dutch footballer 1974 - Russ Haas, wrestler (d. 2001) 1974 - Gaizka Mendieta, Spanish footballer 1975 - Stacy Ferguson, American pop singer (The Black Eyed Peas) 1975 - Tom Goegebuer, Belgian weightlifter 1975 - Chakrit Yamnam, Thai film and television actor 1976 - Djamel Belmadi, Algerian footballer 1976 - Carl Ng, Hong Kong/British actor and model 1977 - Violetta Blue, American porn star 1977 - Vitor Meira, Brazilian racing driver 1977 - Adrian Anca, Romanian footballer 1979 - Michael Cuddyer, Minnesota Twins baseball player 1981 - Carey Davis, National Football League fullback 1981 - Lin Jun Jie, Chinese Singer 1981 - Terry McFlynn, Northern Irish footballer 1982 - Kurara Chibana, Japanese beauty queen 1984 - Laura Critchley, British singer/song writer 1985 - Dario Baldauf, Austrian footballer 1985 - Stijn De Smet, Belgian footballer 1985 - Caroline Winberg, Swedish supermodel 1986 - Valerie "So Cal Val" Wyndham, American professional wrestling valet 1986 - Ramani, Indian Girl 1987 - Chad Denny, Canadian ice hockey player 1988 - Brenda Song, American actress 1990 - Scott Selwood, Australian rules footballer 1995 - Taylor Atelian, American actress
710 - Rupert of Salzburg, 1482 - Mary of Burgundy, daughter of Charles the Bold; wife of Maximilian I (b. 1457) 1555 - William Hunter, Protestant martyr 1572 - Girolamo Maggi, Italian Renaissance man (b. abt. 1523) 1697 - Simon Bradstreet, English colonial magistrate (b. 1603) 1757 - Johann Stamitz, Czech-born composer (b. 1717) 1827 - François Alexandre Frédéric, French social reformer (b. 1747) 1898 - Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Indian Muslim intellectual (b. 1817) 1924 - Walter Parratt, English composer (b. 1841) 1926 - Georges Vézina, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1887) 1927 - Joe Start, American baseball player (b. 1842) 1931 - Arnold Bennett, British novelist (b. 1867) 1972 - Sharkey Bonano, American musician (b. 1904) 1977 - Diana Hyland, American actress (b. 1936) 1981 - Mao Dun, Chinese writer (b. 1895) 1988 - Renato Salvatori, Italian actor (b. 1934) 1989 - May Allison, American actress (b. 1890) 1989 - Jack Starrett, American actor and film director (b. 1936) 1991 - Ralph Bates, British actor (b. 1940) 1991 - Aldo Ray, American actor (b. 1926) 1992 - Easley Blackwood, American bridgeplayer (b. 1903) 1998 - David McClelland, American psychologist (b. 1917) 1998 - Ferry Porsche, Austrian automobile manufacturer (b. 1909) 2000 - Ian Dury, English musician (b. 1942) 2002 - Milton Berle, American actor and comedian (b. 1908) 2002 - Dudley Moore, British actor (b. 1935) 2002 - Billy Wilder, American director (b. 1906) 2003 - Daniel Ceccaldi, French actor (b. 1927) 2003 - Ricardo Munguia, Salvadoran aid worker 2003 - Paul Zindel, American writer (b. 1936) 2004 - Adán Sánchez, Mexican-American singer (b. 1984) 2005 - Wilfred Bigelow, Canadian heart surgeon (b. 1913) 2005 - Bob Casey, American baseball announcer (b. 1925) 2005 - Grant Johannesen, American concert pianist (b. 1921) 2006 - Dan Curtis, American television producer and director (b. 1928) 2006 - Ian Hamilton Finlay, Scottish poet 2006 - Stanisław Lem, Polish writer (b. 1921) 2006 - Ruari McLean, British typographer (b. 1917) 2009 - Alysheba, 25, American racehorse, Kentucky Derby and Preakness winner (1987), euthanized. 2010 - Vasily Smyslov, Soviet-Russian chess grandmaster (born 1921) 2011 - Farley Granger, American actor (b. 1925) 2012 - Adrienne Rich, American writer (b. 1929)
196 - Ptolemy V ascends to the throne of Egypt. 1513 - Explorer Juan Ponce de León sights North America (specifically Florida) for the first time, mistaking it for another island. 1613 - The first English child born in Canada at Cuper's Cove, Newfoundland to Nicholas Guy. 1625 - Charles I becomes King of England, Scotland and Ireland as well as claiming the title King of France. 1782 - Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. 1794 - The United States Government establishes a permanent navy and authorizes the building of six frigates. 1794 - Denmark and Sweden form a neutrality compact. 1814 - War of 1812: In central Alabama, U.S. forces under General Andrew Jackson defeat the Creek at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend. 1836 - Texas Revolution: Goliad massacre 1836 - Kirtland Temple in Ohio is dedicated in an 8 hour long service led by Joseph Smith, Jr. and Sidney Rigdon. 1846 - Mexican-American War: Siege of Fort Texas. 1851 - First reported case of Europeans seeing Yosemite Valley. 1854 - Crimean War: The United Kingdom declares war on Russia. 1868 - The Lake Ontario Shore Railroad Company is organized in Oswego, New York. 1871 - The first international rugby football match, England v. Scotland, is played in Edinburgh at Raeburn Place. 1881 - Rioting takes place in Basingstoke in protest against the daily vociferous promotion of rigid Temperance by the Salvation Army. 1890 - A tornado strikes Louisville, Kentucky, killing 76 and injuring 200. 1906 - Founding of the Alpine Club of Canada in Winnipeg, Manitoba 1910 - Fire during a barn-dance in Ököritófülpös, Hungary, killed 312 1918 - Moldova and Bessarabia join Romania. 1938 - The Battle of Taierzhuang takes place. 1941 - World War II: Yugoslavian Air Force officers topple the pro-axis government in a bloodless coup. 1943 - World War II: Battle of the Komandorski Islands 1945 - World War II: Operation Starvation, the aerial mining of Japan's ports and waterways begins. 1948 - The Second Congress of the Workers Party of North Korea is convened. 1958 - Nikita Khrushchev becomes Premier of the Soviet Union. 1963 - Beeching axe: Dr. Richard Beeching issues a report calling for huge cuts to the United Kingdom's rail network. 1964 - The Good Friday Earthquake, the most powerful earthquake in U.S. history at a magnitude of 9.2 strikes South Central Alaska, killing 125 people and inflicting massive damage to the city of Anchorage. 1969 - Mariner 7 is launched. 1970 - The Concorde makes its first supersonic flight. 1976 - The first 4.6 miles of the Washington Metro subway system opens. 1977 - Tenerife disaster: Two Boeing 747 airliners collide on a foggy runway on Tenerife in the Canary Islands, killing 583 (all 248 on KLM and 335 on Pan Am) and 61 survived on the Pan Am flight. 1980 - The Norwegian oil platform Alexander Kielland collapses in the North Sea, killing 123 of its crew of 212. 1986 - A car bomb explodes at Russell Street Police HQ in Melbourne, killing 1 police officer and injuring 21 people. 1990 - The United States begins broadcasting TV Martí to Cuba in an effort to bridge the information blackout imposed by the Castro regime. 1993 - Jiang Zemin is appointed President of the People's Republic of China. 1993 - Italian former minister and Christian Democracy leader Giulio Andreotti is accused of mafia allegiance by the tribunal of Palermo. 1994 - TV tycoon Silvio Berlusconi's right-wing coalition wins the general elections in Italy. 1994 - One of the biggest tornado outbreaks in recent memory hits the Southeastern United States. One tornado slams into a church in Piedmont, Alabama during Palm Sunday services killing 20 and injuring 90. 1994 - The Eurofighter takes its first flight in Manching, Germany. 1998 - The Food and Drug Administration approves Viagra for use as a treatment for male impotence, the first pill to be approved for this condition in the United States. 1999 - An F-117 Nighthawk is shot down during the Kosovo War. 2000 - Phillips explosion of 2000 kills 1 and injures 71 in Pasadena, Texas. 2002 - Passover Massacre: A suicide bomber kills 29 people in Netanya, Israel. 2004 - HMS Scylla, a decommissioned Leander frigate, is sunk as an artificial reef off Cornwall, the first of its kind in Europe. 2006 - The United Nations Commission on Human Rights holds its final meeting. 2009 - Flash flooding and the Situ Gintung dam's failure kill at least 99 people in Tangerang, Banten, Indonesia.