Famous birthdays, deaths and events of March 5
1585 - John George I, Elector of Saxony (d. 1656) 1658 - Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac 1703 - Vasily Kirillovich Trediakovsky, Russian poet (d. 1768) 1739 - Benjamin Ruggles Woodbridge, doctor 1748 - Jonas C. Dryander, Swedish botanist (d. 1810) 1748 - William Shield, English musician (d. 1829) 1794 - Robert Cooper Grier, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1870) 1817 - Austen Henry Layard, English archaeologist (d. 1894) 1836 - Charles Goodnight, American cattle rancher (d. 1929) 1853 - Howard Pyle, American author and illustrator (d. 1911) 1862 - Siegbert Tarrasch, German chess player (d. 1934) 1870 - Frank Norris, American writer (d. 1902) 1874 - Henry Travers, British actor (d. 1965) 1887 - Heitor Villa-Lobos, Brazilian composer (d. 1959) 1898 - Soong May-ling, Chinese wife of Chiang Kai-Shek (d. 2003) 1908 - Irving Fiske, American writer 1908 - Sir Rex Harrison, English actor (d. 1990) 1914 - Philip Farkas, American horn player and teacher (d. 1992) 1918 - Milt Schmidt, Canadian ice hockey player 1918 - Red Storey, Canadian football player and ice hockey referee (d. 2006) 1920 - José Aboulker, Jewish Communist 1920 - Virginia Christine, American actress (d. 1996) 1921 - Elmer Valo, American baseball player (d. 1998) 1922 - James Noble, American actor 1922 - Pier Paolo Pasolini, Italian writer and film director (d. 1975) 1923 - Laurence Tisch, American investor 1927 - Jack Cassidy, American actor (d. 1976) 1929 - Erik Carlsson, Swedish rally driver 1930 - Del Crandall, American baseball player 1931 - Barry Tuckwell, Australian horn virtuoso 1933 - Jef Eygel, Belgian basketball player (d. 2005) 1933 - Tommy Tucker, American blues singer and pianist (d. 1982) 1934 - James B. Sikking, American actor 1936 - Dean Stockwell, American actor 1938 - Paul Evans, American singer and songwriter 1938 - Fred Williamson, American football player and actor 1939 - Samantha Eggar, English actress 1939 - Pierre Wynants, Belgian chef 1940 - Malcolm Hebden, English actor 1942 - Mike Resnick, American science fiction author 1943 - Billy Backus, American boxer 1944 - Lucio Battisti, Italian singer (d. 1998) 1946 - Murray Head, British actor and singer 1946 - Lova Moor, French singer and dancer 1946 - Richard Bell, Canadian musician (The Band) 1947 - Eddie Hodges, American actor and singer 1947 - Clodagh Rodgers, Irish singer 1947 - Kent Tekulve, American baseball player 1948 - Eddy Grant, Guyana-born singer 1948 - Elaine Paige, English singer and actress 1951 - Giorgos Ninios, Greek actor 1952 - Alan Clark, English keyboardist (Dire Straits) 1954 - Marsha Warfield, American actress 1955 - Penn Jillette, American magician and comedian 1956 - Adriana Barraza, Mexican actress 1956 - Teena Marie, American singer 1957 - Mark E. Smith, English singer (The Fall) 1958 - Andy Gibb, English-born Australian singer and teen idol (d. 1988) 1959 - David Fury, American television writer and producer 1960 - David Tibet, English musician (Current 93) 1962 - Jonathan Penner, American reality show contestant 1962 - Charlie and Craig Reid, Scottish musicians (The Proclaimers) 1966 - Michael Irvin, American football player 1966 - Bob Halkidis, Canadian hockey player 1966 - Aasif Mandvi, Indian-born American actor and comedian 1969 - Paul Blackthorne, British actor 1969 - Moussa Saïb, former Algerian footballer 1969 - MC Solaar, French rapper 1970 - John Frusciante, American musician (Red Hot Chili Peppers) 1970 - Lisa Robin Kelly, American actress 1971 - Jeffrey Hammonds, American baseball player 1971 - Evil Jared Hasselhoff, American musician (Bloodhound Gang) 1971 - Filip Meirhaeghe, Belgian mountainbiker 1972 - Luca Turilli, Italian musician (Rhapsody) 1973 - Yannis Anastasiou, Greek footballer 1973 - Ryan Franklin, American baseball player 1974 - Kevin Connolly, American television actor and comedian 1974 - Jens Jeremies, German footballer 1974 - Matt Lucas, English comedian 1974 - Eva Mendes, American actress 1975 - Jolene Blalock, American actress 1975 - Sasho Petrovski, Australian soccer player 1975 - Niki Taylor, American model 1975 - Luciano Burti, Brazilian racing driver 1976 - Šarūnas Jasikevičius, Lithuanian basketball player 1976 - Paul Konerko, American baseball player 1976 - Katerina Matziou, Greek actress 1977 - Bryan Berard, American ice hockey player 1977 - Mike MacDougal, American baseball player 1977 - Wally Szczerbiak, American basketball player 1978 - Mike Hessman, American baseball player 1978 - Kimberly McCullough, American actress 1978 - Papoose, American rapper 1979 - Tang Gonghong, Chinese weightlifter 1981 - Andreas Wiig, Norwegian snowboarder 1981 - Paul Martin, American ice hockey player 1981 - Shugo Oshinari, Japanese actor 1982 - Daniel Carter, New Zealand Rugby player 1982 - Giorgia Palmas, Italian television personality and model 1985 - Ken'ichi Matsuyama, Japanese actor 1986 - Matty Fryatt, English footballer 1987 - Anna Chakvetadze, Russian tennis player 1988 - Trevor Carson, Northern Irish footballer 1988 - Bjarni Viðarsson, Icelandic footballer 1989 - Jake Lloyd, American actor
1611 - Shimazu Yoshihisa, Japanese warlord and samurai (b. 1533) 1695 - Henry Wharton, English writer (b. 1664) 1770 - Crispus Attucks a free black American, 1776 - Yeongjo of Joseon, ruler of Korea (b. 1694) 1778 - Thomas Arne, English composer (b. 1710) 1829 - John Adams, last surviving HMS Bounty mutineer (b. 1766) 1876 - Marie d'Agoult, German-born writer (b. 1805) 1895 - Nikolai Leskov, Russian writer (b. 1831) 1944 - Max Jacob, French poet and writer (b. 1876) 1947 - Alfredo Casella, Italian composer (b. 1883) 1953 - Sergei Prokofiev, Russian composer 1953 - Herman J. Mankiewicz, American screenwriter (b. 1897) 1963 - Patsy Cline, American singer (b. 1932) 1963 - Cowboy Copas, American singer (b. 1913) 1963 - Hawkshaw Hawkins, American singer (b. 1921) 1965 - Pepper Martin, American baseball player (b. 1904) 1966 - Anna Akhmatova, Russian poet (b. 1889) 1974 - Billy De Wolfe, American actor (b. 1907) 1974 - Sol Hurok, Russian-born impresario (b. 1888) 1977 - Tom Pryce, Welsh Formula One driver (b. 1949) 1980 - Jay Silverheels, Canadian actor (b. 1912) 1980 - Winifred Wagner, German opera producer (b. 1897) 1981 - Yip Harburg, American lyricist (b. 1896) 1982 - John Belushi, American actor (b. 1949) 1984 - Tito Gobbi, Italian baritone (b. 1915) 1984 - William Powell, American actor (b. 1892) 1988 - Alberto Olmedo, Argentine comedian (b. 1933) 1990 - Gary Merrill, American film actor (b. 1915) 1993 - Cyril Collard, French author and filmmaker (b. 1957) 1995 - Vivian Stanshall, English musician (Bonzo Dog Band) (b. 1943) 1995 - Gregg Hansford, Australian motorcycle and touring car racer (b. 1952) 1996 - Whit Bissell, American actor (b. 1909) 1997 - Samm Sinclair Baker, American diet author (b. 1909) 1999 - Richard Kiley, American actor (b. 1922) 2000 - Lolo Ferrari, French pornographic actress (b. 1962) 2004 - Walt Gorney, American actor (b. 1912) 2006 - Richard Kuklinski, American Mafia hit man (b. 1935) 2008 - Joseph Weizenbaum, German-American professor of computer science (b.1923) 2009 - Dave Pureifory, 59, American football player (Detroit Lions), prostate cancer. 2009 - Valeri Broshin, 46, Russian footballer, cancer.
1046 - Naser Khosrow begins the seven-year Middle Eastern journey which he will later describe in his book Safarnama. 1496 - England King Henry VII issues letters patent to John Cabot and his sons, authorizing them to explore unknown lands. 1689 - Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham is named Secretary of State for the Northern Department. 1766 - Antonio de Ulloa, the first Spanish governor of Louisiana, arrives in New Orleans. 1770 - Boston Massacre: Five Americans, including a black man named Crispus Attucks, and a boy are killed by British troops in an event that would contribute to the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War five years later. 1784 - Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney is named President of the Board of Trade. 1793 - French troops are defeated by Austrian forces and Liège is recaptured. 1824 - First Burmese War: The British officially declare war on Burma. 1836 - Samuel Colt makes the first production-model revolver, the .34-caliber. 1842 - Over 500 Mexican troops led by Rafael Vasquez invade Texas, briefly occupy San Antonio and then head back to the Rio Grande. 1848 - Louis Antoine Garnier-Pages is named French minister of Finance. 1850 - The Britannia Bridge across the Menai Strait between the Isle of Anglesey and the mainland of Wales is opened. 1860 - Parma, Tuscany, Modena and Romagna vote in referendums to join the Kingdom of Sardinia. 1861 - The "Stars and Bars" is adopted as the flag of the Confederate States of America. 1868 - A court of impeachment is organized in the United States Senate to hear charges against President Andrew Johnson. 1868 - Mefistofele, an opera by Arrigo Boito premieres at La Scala. 1872 - George Westinghouse patents the air brake. 1894 - Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery becomes First Lord of the Treasury. 1904 - Nikola Tesla, in Electrical World and Engineer, describes the process of the ball lightning formation. 1905 - Russian troops begin to retreat from Mukden, Manchuria after losing 100,000 troops in three days. 1907 - The second Duma opens in St. Petersburg, Russia and 40,000 demonstrators have to be dispersed by Russian troops. 1912 - Italian forces are the first to use airships for military purposes, using them for reconnaissance behind Turkish lines. 1915 - World War I: The LZ 33, a zeppelin, is damaged by enemy fire and stranded south of Ostend. 1933 - Great Depression: President Franklin D. Roosevelt declares a "bank holiday", closing all U.S. banks and freezing all financial transactions. 1933 - In Germany, the Nazis win 44 percent of the vote in parliamentary elections. 1936 - First flight of the Supermarine Spitfire fighter aircraft. 1940 - Members of Soviet politburo sign an order for the execution of 25,700 Polish intelligentsia, including 14,700 Polish POWs, known also as the Katyn massacre. 1943 - First flight of Gloster Meteor jet aircraft in the United Kingdom. 1945 - World War II: The "Battle of the Ruhr" begins. 1946 - Winston Churchill uses the phrase "Iron Curtain" in his speech at Westminster College, Missouri. 1946 - Hungarian Communists and Social Democrats co-found the Left Bloc. 1949 - The Jharkhand Party is founded in India. 1958 - The Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region is established. 1958 - Explorer 2 spacecraft launches and fails to reach Earth orbit. 1960 - The Aquatic Ape Hypothesis originates when Alister Hardy publicly announces his idea that ape-human divergence may have been due to a coastal phase. 1964 - Ceylon declares emergency crisis due to unrest. 1965 - March Intifada: A Leftist uprising erupts in Bahrain against British colonial presence. 1966 - BOAC Flight 911 crashes on Mount Fuji, Japan, killing 124. 1970 - The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty goes into effect after ratification by 43 nations. 1970 - Dubnium atoms are first detected conclusively. 1973 - Donald DeFreeze, the future Symbionese Liberation Army leader, escapes from Vacaville Prison. 1974 - Yom Kippur War: Israeli forces withdraw from the west bank of the Suez Canal. 1976 - The British pound falls below $2 USD for the first time. 1978 - The Landsat 3 is launched from Vandenberg AFB in California. 1979 - Detection equipment picks up a gamma ray burst originating from the Large Magellanic Cloud, leading to the discovery of soft gamma repeaters. 1979 - Voyager 1's closest approach to Jupiter, 172,000 miles. 1982 - Venera 14, a Soviet satellite arrives at the planet Venus. 1988 - Constitution of Turks and Caicos Islands is restored and revised. 1991 - Iraq releases all Gulf War prisoners. 1998 - NASA announces that the Clementine probe orbiting the Moon has found enough water to support a human colony. 1999 - Paul Okalik is elected first Premier of Nunavut. 2001 - In Mecca, 35 Muslim pilgrims are crushed to death during the annual Hajj pilgrimage. 2003 - In Haifa, 17 Israeli civilians are killed by a Hamas suicide bomb in the Haifa bus 37 massacre. 2005 - The Burkinabé Party for Democracy and Socialism holds its first National Convention.