Famous birthdays, deaths and events of May 21
1653 - Eleonora Maria Josefa of Austria, queen consort of Poland and Lithuania (d. 1697) 1664 - Giulio Alberoni, Italian cardinal (d. 1754) 1688 - Alexander Pope, English poet (d. 1744) 1780 - Elizabeth Fry, British social reformer (d. 1845) 1850 - Giuseppe Mercalli, Italian volcanologist (d. 1914) 1880 - Tudor Arghezi, Romanian writer (d. 1967) 1884 - Manuel Pérez y Curis, Uruguayan poet (d. 1920) 1901 - Sam Jaffe, American film producer (d. 2000) 1901 - Suzanne Lilar, Belgian essayist 1902 - Earl Averill, baseball player (d. 1983) 1903 - Manly Wade Wellman, American author (d. 1986) 1904 - Robert Montgomery, American actor (d. 1981) 1904 - Fats Waller, American pianist (d. 1943) 1912 - John Curtis Gowan, American psychologist (d. 1986) 1912 - Monty Stratton, baseball player (d. 1982) 1913 - Gina Bachauer, Greek pianist (d. 1976) 1916 - Tinus Osendarp, Dutch runner (d. 2002) 1916 - Harold Robbins, American novelist (d. 1997) 1917 - Raymond Burr, American actor (d. 1993) 1918 - Dennis Day, American singer and comedian (d. 1988) 1920 - Anthony Steel, British actor (d. 2001) 1924 - Peggy Cass, American actress (d. 1999) 1926 - Robert Creeley, American poet (d. 2005) 1928 - Tom Donahue, American disc jockey (freeform radio) (d. 1975) 1933 - Maurice André, French trumpeter 1936 - Günter Blobel, German biologist 1939 - Heinz Holliger, Swiss musician 1941 - Martin Carthy, English musician 1941 - Ronald Isley, American singer (The Isley Brothers) 1942 - Danny Ongais, American race car driver 1943 - Hilton Valentine, British guitarist (The Animals) 1944 - Marcie Blane, American singer 1945 - Ernst Messerschmid, German astronaut 1947 - Bill Champlin, American singer 1947 - Jonathan Hyde, Australian-born actor 1948 - Leo Sayer, English musician 1951 - Al Franken, American comedian 1952 - Mr. T, American actor 1954 - Marc Ribot, American musician 1955 - Paul Barber, British field hockey player 1955 - Stan Lynch, American drummer 1957 - Judge Reinhold, American actor 1957 - Renée Soutendijk, Dutch actress 1958 - Jefery Levy, American television director 1959 - Nick Cassavetes, American actor and director 1960 - Kent Hrbek, American baseball player 1960 - Mohanlal, Indian actor 1963 - Richard Appel, American writer 1963 - Kevin Shields, Musician (My Bloody Valentine) 1964 - Danny Bailey, English footballer 1964 - Danny Lee Clark, American football player and American Gladiator "Nitro" 1964 - Nancy Daus, American professional wrestler (d. 2007) 1964 - Carolyn Lawrence, American actress 1966 - Lisa Edelstein, American actress 1967 - Chris Benoit, Canadian professional wrestler (d. 2007) 1968 - Julie Vega, Filipino child actress and singer (d. 1985) 1968 - Matthias Ungemach, German rower 1969 - Masayo Kurata, Japanese voice actress 1969 - Pierluigi Brivio, Italian footballer 1970 - Dorsey Levens, former American football player 1970 - Carl Veart, Australian former footballer 1972 - Adriano Cintra, Brazilian musician (CSS) 1972 - The Notorious B.I.G., American rapper (d. 1997) 1972 - Alesha Oreskovich, American model 1973 - Noel Fielding, British comedian 1974 - Fairuza Balk, American actress 1974 - Havoc, American rapper (Mobb Deep) 1975 - Lee Gaze, Welsh guitarist 1976 - Deron Miller, American rock musician 1976 - Kardinal Offishall, Canadian rapper 1977 - Quinton Fortune, South African footballer 1977 - Ricky Williams, American football player 1978 - Briana Banks, German-American pornographic actress 1978 - Jamaal Magloire, Canadian professional basketballer 1978 - Adam Gontier, Canadian singer (Three Days Grace) 1979 - Damián Ariel Álvarez, Argentinian footballer 1979 - Gaspard Augé, French musician 1979 - Jesse Capelli, Canadian pornographic actress 1979 - James Clancy Phelan, Australian novelist 1980 - Chris Raab, American actor 1981 - Belladonna, American pornographic actress 1981 - Max, German singer 1981 - Josh Hamilton, Major League Baseball player 1984 - Brandon Fields, National Football League punter 1984 - Lorena Ayala, Spanish-Dutch model and beauty queen 1985 - Andrew Miller, Major League Baseball player 1985 - Kano, British rapper 1985 - Mutya Buena, English singer (ex-Sugababes) 1985 - Marco Carta, Italian singer 1986 - Myra, Mexican-American singer 1987 - Ashlie Brillault, American actress 1988 - Jonathan Howson, English footballer 1991 - Sarah Ramos, American actress 1992 - Olivia Olson, American singer and actress 1994 - Tom Daley, English diver
1254 - Conrad IV of Germany, (b. 1228) 1512 - Pandolfo Petrucci, ruler of Siena 1647 - Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft, Dutch poet (b. 1581) 1650 - James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose 1664 - Elizabeth Poole, Puritan businesswoman 1690 - John Eliot, English Puritan missionary (b. 1604) 1719 - Pierre Poiret, French mystic (b. 1646) 1771 - Christopher Smart, English poet (b. 1722) 1790 - Thomas Warton, English poet (b. 1728) 1844 - Giuseppe Baini, Italian composer (b. 1775) 1862 - John Drew, Irish-born American actor (b. 1827) 1894 - Emile Henry, French anarchist (b. 1872) 1895 - Franz von Suppé, Austrian composer (b. 1819) 1935 - Jane Addams, American social worker 1949 - Klaus Mann, German writer (b. 1906) 1952 - John Garfield, American actor (b. 1913) 1957 - Aleksandr Vertinsky, Russian singer (b. 1889) 1970 - E. L. Grant Watson, Australian biologist (b. 1885) 1973 - Vaughn Monroe, American musician (b. 1911) 1981 - Patsy O'Hara, Irish hunger striker (b. 1957) 1981 - Raymond Mccreesh, Irish hunger striker (b. 1957) 1984 - Ann Little, American actress (b. 1891) 1985 - Julie Vega, Philippine Actress (b. 1968) 1988 - Sammy Davis, Sr. 1996 - Paul Delph, American musician and producer (b. 1957) 1996 - Lash LaRue, American actor (b. 1917) 1999 - Karnail "Bugz" Pitts, American rapper (D12) (b. 1979) 2000 - Barbara Cartland, English author (b. 1901) 2000 - Sir John Gielgud, British actor (b. 1904) 2003 - Alejandro de Tomaso, Argentine-Italian racing driver and car manufacturer (b. 1928) 2005 - Howard Morris, American comic actor and director (b. 1919) 2006 - Spencer Clark, American racecar driver (b. 1987) 2006 - Katherine Dunham, American dancer (b. 1909) 2006 - Cherd Songsri, Thai film director (b. 1931) 2006 - Billy Walker, American singer (b. 1929)
878 - Syracuse, Italy is captured by the Muslim sultan of Sicily. 996 - Sixteen-year-old Otto III is crowned Holy Roman Emperor. 1502 - The island of Saint Helena is discovered by the Portuguese navigator João da Nova. 1554 - A royal Charter is granted to Derby School in Derby, England. 1674 - The nobility elect John Sobieski King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania. 1725 - The Order of St. Alexander Nevsky is instituted in Russia by the empress Catherine I. It would later be discontinued and then reinstated by the Soviet government in 1942 as the Order of Alexander Nevsky. 1758 - Mary Campbell is abducted from her home in Pennsylvania by Lenape during the French and Indian War. 1851 - Slavery is abolished in Colombia, South America. 1856 - Lawrence, Kansas is captured and burned by pro-slavery forces. 1863 - American Civil War: Siege of Port Hudson – Union forces begin to lay siege to the Confederate-controlled Port Hudson, Louisiana. 1864 - Russia declares an end to the Russian-Circassian War and many Circassians are forced into exile. The day is designated to be the Circassian Day of Mourning. 1871 - French troops invade the Paris Commune and engage its residents in street fighting. By the close of "Bloody Week" some 20,000 communards have been killed and 38,000 arrested. 1879 - War of the Pacific: Two Chilean ships blocking the harbor of Iquique (then belonging to Peru) battle two Peruvian vessels in the Battle of Iquique. 1881 - The American Red Cross is established by Clara Barton. 1894 - The Manchester Ship Canal in England is officially opened by Queen Victoria, who knights its designer Sir Edward Leader Williams. 1894 - 22-year-old French Anarchist Émile Henry is executed by guillotine. 1904 - The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) is founded in Paris. 1917 - The Great Atlanta fire of 1917 takes place. 1924 - University of Chicago students Richard Loeb and Nathan Leopold, Jr. murder 14-year-old Bobby Franks in a "thrill killing". 1927 - Charles Lindbergh touches down at Le Bourget Field in Paris, completing the world's first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean. 1932 - Bad weather forces Amelia Earhart to land in a pasture in Derry, Northern Ireland, and thereby becoming the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean. 1934 - Oskaloosa, Iowa, becomes the first municipality in the United States to fingerprint all of its citizens. 1936 - Sada Abe is arrested after wandering the streets of Tokyo for days with her dead lover's severed genitals in her hand. Her story soon becomes one of Japan's most notorious scandals. 1937 - A Soviet station becomes the first scientific research settlement to operate on the drift ice of the Arctic Ocean. 1941 - World War II: 950 miles off the coast of Brazil, the freighter SS Robin Moor becomes the first American ship sunk by a German U-boat. 1945 - Screen legend Humphrey Bogart marries actress Lauren Bacall. 1951 - The opening of the Ninth Street Show, otherwise known as the 9th Street Art Exhibition 1958 - United Kingdom Postmaster General Ernest Marples announces that from December, subscriber trunk dialling will be introduced in the Bristol area. 1961 - American civil rights movement: Alabama Governor John Malcolm Patterson declares martial law in an attempt to restore order after race riots break out. 1966 - The Ulster Volunteer Force declare war on the Irish Republican Army in Northern Ireland. 1969 - Civil unrest in Rosario, Argentina, aka Rosariazo, following the death of a 15-year-old student. 1972 - Michelangelo's Pietà in St. Peter's Basilica in Rome is damaged by a vandal. 1979 - White Night riots in San Francisco following the manslaughter conviction of Dan White for the assassinations of George Moscone and Harvey Milk. 1981 - Irish Republican hunger strikers Raymond McCreesh and Patsy O’Hara both die on hunger strike in Maze prison. 1991 - Former Indian prime minister Rajiv Gandhi is assassinated by a female suicide bomber near Madras. 1991 - Mengistu Haile Mariam, president of the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, flees Ethiopia, effectively bringing the Ethiopian Civil War to an end. 1994 - The Democratic Republic of Yemen secedes from the Republic of Yemen. 1996 - The MV Bukoba sinks in Tanzanian waters on Lake Victoria, killing nearly 1000. 1996 - The Trappist Martyrs of Atlas are executed. 1998 - In Miami, Florida, five abortion clinics are hit by a butyric acid attacker. 1998 - Suharto, the Indonesian dictator who had ruled for 32 years, resigns. 2001 - French Taubira law officially recognizes the Atlantic slave trade and slavery as crimes against humanity. 2003 - An earthquake hits northern Algeria killing more than 2,000 people. 2004 - Sherpa Pemba Dorjie climbs Mount Everest in 8 hours 10 minutes, breaking his rival Sherpa Lakpa Gelu's record from the previous year. 2004 - Stanislav Petrov is awarded the World Citizen Award for averting a potential World War III in 1983. 2006 - The Republic of Montenegro holds a referendum proposing independence from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. The Montenegrin people choose independence with a majority of 55%. 2006 - The Swedish ice hockey team Tre Kronor takes gold in the World Championship, becoming the first nation to hold both the World and Olympic titles separately in the same year. 2007 - The Cutty Sark is badly damaged by fire in London, England. She was the last surviving clipper.