Famous birthdays, deaths and events of November 8
1491 - Teofilo Folengo, Italian poet (d. 1544) 1710 - Sarah Fielding, English writer (d. 1768) 1777 - Désirée Clary, queen of Sweden (d. 1860) 1836 - Milton Bradley, American game manufacturer (d. 1911) 1847 - Bram Stoker, Irish novelist (d. 1912) 1869 - Zinaida Gippius, Russian woman-poet in exile in France (d. 1945) 1883 - Arnold Bax, English composer (d. 1953) 1888 - David Monrad Johansen, Norwegian composer (d. 1974) 1893 - Clarence Williams, American composer (d. 1965) 1893 - Prajadhipok, Rama VII 1895 - Photios Kontoglou, Greek writer 1896 - Bucky Harris, baseball player (d. 1977) 1898 - Marie Prevost, Canadian actress (d. 1937) 1900 - Margaret Mitchell, American author (d. 1949) 1900 - Charlie Paddock, American athlete (d. 1943) 1904 - Cedric Belfrage English-born writer, (d. 1990) 1908 - Martha Gellhorn, American writer (d. 1998) 1913 - June Havoc, American actress 1919 - P. L. Deshpande, Indian author (d. 2000) 1920 - Esther Rolle, American actress (d. 1998) 1920 - Eugênio de Araújo Sales, Brazilian cardinal 1922 - Christiaan Barnard, South African heart surgeon (d. 2001) 1922 - Ademir Marques de Menezes, Brazilian footballer (d. 1996) 1924 - Joe Flynn, American actor (d. 1974) 1927 - Ken Dodd, English comedian 1927 - Patti Page, American singer 1931 - Darla Hood, American actress (d. 1979) 1933 - Peter Arundell, British racing driver 1935 - Alain Delon, French actor 1942 - Angel Cordero Jr., Puerto Rican jockey 1943 - Martin Peters, English footballer 1944 - Bonnie Bramlett, American singer (Delaney 1946 - Roy Wood, English songwriter and musician (Electric Light Orchestra 1947 - Minnie Riperton, American singer (d. 1979) 1949 - Bonnie Raitt, American singer 1950 - Mary Hart, American television personality 1952 - Jan Raas, Dutch cyclist 1952 - Jerry Remy, American baseball player 1952 - Christie Hefner, CEO of Playboy Enterprises 1952 - John Denny, American baseball player 1952 - Alfre Woodard, American actress 1953 - John Musker, American animation director 1954 - Michael D. Brown, U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency director 1954 - Kazuo Ishiguro, British author 1954 - Rickie Lee Jones, American singer 1954 - Jeanette McGruder, American musician (P Funk) 1956 - Steven Miller, American record producer 1956 - Richard Curtis, British screenwriter 1957 - Porl Thompson, British musician (The Cure) 1960 - Oleg Menshikov, Russian actor 1960 - Michael Nyqvist, Swedish actor 1961 - Leif Garrett, American singer 1965 - Jeff Blauser, American baseball player 1965 - Craig Chester, American actor and screenwriter 1966 - Gordon Ramsay, British chef and reality television personality 1967 - Courtney Thorne-Smith, American actress 1967 - Kamar de los Reyes, American actor 1967 - Henry Rodriguez, Dominican Republic baseball player 1968 - Parker Posey, American actress 1968 - Zara Whites, Dutch actress 1968 - Sergio Porrini, Italian footballer 1969 - Roxana Zal, American actress 1970 - José Francisco Porras, Costa Rican footballer 1970 - Diana King, Jamaican singer 1971 - Carlos Atanes, Spanish film director 1971 - Aaron Yates (Tech N9NE), American rapper 1972 - Gretchen Mol, American actress 1974 - Matthew Rhys, Welsh actor 1975 - Tara Reid, American actress 1975 - José Pinto, Spanish footballer 1976 - Brett Lee, Australian cricketer 1976 - Colin Strause, American director 1977 - Jully Black, Canadian R&B singer 1977 - Nick Punto, American baseball player 1978 - Ali Karimi, Iranian footballer 1978 - Júlio Sérgio Bertagnoli, Brazilian footballer 1978 - Tim de Cler, Dutch footballer 1978 - Maurice Evans, American basketball player 1978 - Spyros Gogolos, Greek footballer 1979 - Aaron Hughes, Northern Irish footballer 1979 - Dania Ramírez, Dominican actress 1980 - Ana Vidovic, classical guitarist 1980 - Luis Fabiano, Brazilian footballer 1981 - Joe Cole, English footballer 1982 - Mika Kallio, Finnish Grand Prix motorcycle racer 1982 - Sam Sparro, Australian producer 1983 - Kat Shoob, British television presenter 1983 - Blanka Vlašić, Croatian high jumper 1983 - Remko Pasveer, Dutch footballer 1985 - Jack Osbourne, English television star 1987 - Samantha Droke, American actress 2003 - Lady Louise Windsor, British royal
1171 - Baldwin IV, Count of Hainaut (b. 1108) 1195 - Conrad of Hohenstaufen, 1599 - Francisco Guerrero, Spanish composer (b. 1528) 1600 - Natsuka Masaie, Japanese warlord (b. 1562) 1605 - Robert Catesby, English conspirator (b. 1573) 1674 - John Milton, English poet (b. 1608) 1873 - Breton de los Herreros, Spanish playwright (b. 1796) 1890 - César Franck, Belgian composer and organist (b. 1822) 1917 - Colin Blythe, English cricketer (b. 1879) 1921 - Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav, Slovak poet (b. 1849) 1953 - Ivan Alekseyevich Bunin, Russian writer 1953 - John van Melle, South African author (b. 1887) 1965 - Dorothy Kilgallen, American newspaper columnist (b. 1913) 1968 - Wendell Corey, American actor (b. 1914) 1974 - Ivory Joe Hunter, American R&B singer 1977 - Bucky Harris, American baseball player (b. 1896) 1978 - Norman Rockwell, American illustrator (b. 1894) 1983 - Mordecai Kaplan, Rabbi 1983 - James Booker, American jazz singer (b. 1939) 1985 - Nicolas Frantz, Luxembourgish cyclist (b. 1899) 1994 - Michael O'Donoghue, American writer (b. 1940) 1998 - John Hunt, Baron Hunt 1998 - Jean Marais, French actor (b. 1913) 1999 - Lester Bowie, American jazz trumpet player (b. 1941) 1999 - Leon Štukelj, Slovenian gymnast (b. 1898) 2003 - Bob Grant, English actor (b. 1932) 2003 - C. Z. Guest, American socialite (b. 1920) 2003 - Guy Speranza, American singer 2004 - Peter Mathers, English-born Australian novelist (b. 1931) 2005 - David Westheimer, American novelist (b. 1917) 2005 - Alekos Alexandrakis, Greek actor (b. 1928) 2006 - Basil Poledouris, American film score composer (b. 1945)
1519 - Hernán Cortés enters Tenochtitlán and Aztec ruler Moctezuma welcomes him with a great celebration. 1520 - Stockholm Bloodbath begins: A successful invasion of Sweden by Danish forces results in the execution of around 100 people. 1576 - Eighty Years' War: Pacification of Ghent 1602 - The Bodleian Library at Oxford University is opened to the public. 1620 - The Battle of White Mountain takes place near Prague, ending in a decisive Catholic victory in only two hours. 1793 - In Paris, the French Revolutionary government opens the Louvre to the public as a museum. 1837 - Mary Lyon founds Mount Holyoke Female Seminary, which later becomes Mount Holyoke College. 1861 - American Civil War: The "Trent Affair" 1889 - Montana is admitted as the 41st U.S. state. 1892 - The New Orleans general strike begins, uniting black and white American trade unionists in a successful four-day general strike action for the first time. 1895 - While experimenting with electricity, Wilhelm Röntgen discovers the X-ray. 1901 - Bloody clashes take place in Athens following the translation of the Gospels into demotic Greek. 1917 - The People's Commissars give authority to Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, and Joseph Stalin. 1923 - Beer Hall Putsch: In Munich, Adolf Hitler leads the Nazis in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the German government. 1933 - Great Depression: New Deal 1935 - A dozen labor leaders come together to announce the creation of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO), an organization charged with advancing industrial unionism. 1937 - The Nazi exhibition Der ewige Jude ("The Eternal Jew") opens in Munich. 1939 - Venlo Incident: Two British agents of SIS are captured by the Germans. 1939 - In Munich, Adolf Hitler narrowly escapes the assassination attempt of Georg Elser while celebrating the 16th anniversary of the Beer Hall Putsch. 1941 - The Albanian Communist Party is founded. 1942 - World War II: Operation Torch 1942 - World War II: French resistance coup in Algiers, in which 400 civilian French patriots neutralize Vichyist XIXth Army Corps after 15 hours of fighting, and arrest several Vichyst generals, allowing the immediate success of Operation Torch in Algiers. 1950 - Korean War: United States Air Force Lt. Russell J. Brown shoots down two North Korean MiG-15s in the first jet aircraft-to-jet aircraft dogfight in history. 1957 - Operation Grapple X, Round C1: Britain conducts its first successful hydrogen bomb test over Kiritimati in the Pacific. 1965 - The British Indian Ocean Territory is created, consisting of Chagos Archipelago, Aldabra, Farquhar and Des Roches islands. 1965 - The Murder (Abolition of the Death Penalty) Act 1965 is given Royal Assent, formally abolishing the death penalty in the United Kingdom. 1965 - The 173rd Airborne is ambushed by over 1,200 Viet Cong in Operation Hump during the Vietnam War. 1966 - Former Massachusetts Attorney General Edward Brooke becomes the first African American elected to the United States Senate. 1966 - U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs into law an antitrust exemption allowing the National Football League to merge with the upstart American Football League. 1973 - The right ear of John Paul Getty III is delivered to a newspaper together with a ransom note, convincing his father to pay 2.9 million USD. 1976 - A series of earthquakes spreads panic in the city of Thessaloniki, which is evacuated. 1977 - Manolis Andronikos, a Greek archaeologist and professor at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, discovers the tomb of Philip II of Macedon at Vergina. 1979 - The Chilean Communist Party (Proletarian Action) is formed. 1987 - Remembrance Day Bombing: In Enniskillen, Northern Ireland, an Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb explodes, at a ceremony honoring Britain's war dead, killing twelve people. 1989 - Hong Kong's MTR Lam Tin Station comes into service. 2002 - Iraq disarmament crisis: UN Security Council Resolution 1441 2004 - War in Iraq: More than 10,000 U.S. troops and a small number of Iraqi army units participate in a siege on the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah. 2008 - An accident aboard Russian submarine K-152 Nerpa kills 20.