Famous birthdays, deaths and events of September 14
1543 - Claudio Aquaviva, Italian Jesuit (d. 1615) 1580 - Francisco de Quevedo, Spanish writer (d. 1645) 1656 - Thomas Baker, British antiquarian (d. 1746) 1737 - Michael Haydn, Austrian composer (d. 1806) 1760 - Luigi Cherubini, Italian composer (d. 1842) 1804 - Louis Desiré Maigret, French Catholic prelate (d. 1882) 1860 - Hamlin Garland, American writer (d. 1940) 1869 - Kid Nichols, American baseball player (d. 1953) 1879 - Margaret Sanger, American birth control advocate (d. 1966) 1880 - Metropolitan Benjamin (Fedchenkov), Orthodox missionary and writer (d. 1961) 1880 - Archie Hahn, American athlete (d. 1955) 1889 - María Capovilla, previous oldest living person (d. 2006) 1898 - Ernest Nash, German-born archaeologist (d. 1974) 1899 - Hal B. Wallis, American film producer (d. 1986) 1902 - Giorgos Papasideris Greek musician, (d. 1977) 1910 - Jack Hawkins, British actor (d. 1973) 1910 - Yiannis Latsis, Greek shipping tycoon (d. 2003) 1914 - Lída Baarová, Czech actress (d. 2000) 1914 - Clayton Moore, American actor (d. 1999) 1914 - Kay Medford, American actress (d. 1980) 1914 - Robert McCloskey, American author (d. 2003) 1916 - John Heyer, Australian documentary filmmaker (d. 2001} 1918 - Georges Berger, Belgian racing driver (d. 1967) 1920 - Mario Benedetti, Uruguayan writer 1921 - Dario Vittori, Argentinian actor (d. 2001) 1922 - Michel Auclair, French actor (d. 1988) 1926 - Michel Butor, French novelist 1927 - Martin Caidin, American aviation writer (d. 1997) 1929 - Larry Collins, American writer (d. 2005) 1929 - Maurice Vachon, French Canadian professional wrestler 1930 - Allan Bloom, American academic (d. 1992) 1933 - Harve Presnell, American actor 1934 - Kate Millett, American feminist writer 1936 - Walter Koenig, American actor 1938 - Nicol Williamson, Scottish-born actor 1941 - Alberto Naranjo, Venezuelan musician 1942 - Bernard MacLaverty, Northern Irish writer 1944 - Joey Heatherton, American actress and singer 1945 - Martin Tyler, British sports broadcaster 1946 - Jim Angle, American television reporter 1947 - Jon "Bowzer" Bauman, American singer (Sha Na Na) 1947 - Sam Neill, New Zealand actor 1949 - Tommy Seebach, Danish musician (d. 2003) 1949 - Eikichi Yazawa, Japanese singer 1949 - Fred "Sonic" Smith, American guitarist (MC5) (d. 1994) 1949 - Steve Gaines, American guitarist (Lynyrd Skynyrd) (d. 1977) 1949 - Ed King, American guitarist (Lynyrd Skynyrd) 1950 - Paul Kossoff, British guitarist (Free) (d. 1976) 1950 - Masami Kuwashima, Japanese race car driver 1950 - Michael Nifong, American attorney 1953 - Tom Cora, American cellist and composer (d. 1998) 1953 - Judy Playfair, Australian swimmer 1956 - Ray Wilkins, English former footballer 1957 - Tim Wallach, American baseball player 1957 - Kepler Wessels, South African cricketer 1959 - Ashlyn Gere, American pornographic actress 1959 - Morten Harket, Norwegian singer (a-ha) 1960 - Melissa Leo, American actress 1960 - Callum Keith Rennie, Canadian actor 1963 - Robin Singh, Indian cricketer 1964 - Faith Ford, American actress 1965 - Michelle Stafford, American actress 1966 - Mike Cooley, American guitarist 1967 - Dan Cortese, American actor 1970 - Ben Garant, American actor 1970 - Craig Montoya, American musician (Everclear) 1970 - Francesco Casagrande, Italian cyclist 1971 - Jeff Loomis, American guitarist (Nevermore) 1971 - Andre Matos, Brazilian musician 1971 - Kimberly Williams, American actress 1972 - David Bell, American baseball player 1973 - Terrell Fletcher, American football 1973 - Tony Bui, Vietnamese film director 1973 - Nas, American rapper 1973 - Linvoy Primus, English footballer 1973 - Mike Ward, Canadian comedian 1974 - Chad Bradford, American baseball player 1974 - Hicham El Guerrouj, Moroccan athlete 1976 - Agustín Calleri, Argentine tennis player 1978 - Carmen Kass, Estonian model 1978 - Danielle Peck, country music singer 1978 - Ben Cohen, English rugby union footballer 1979 - Jesse Marunde, American Strongman/Athlete (d. 2007) 1981 - Miyavi, Japanese rock musician and actor 1982 - Hiroki Narimiya, Japanese actor 1983 - Amy Winehouse, English singer 1983 - Frostee Rucker, National Football League defensive end 1984 - Adam Lamberg, American actor 1984 - Melissa McGhee, American singer 1985 - Paolo Gregoletto, American bassist (Trivium) 1985 - Aya Ueto, Japanese actress and singer 1985 - Delmon Young, American baseball player 1986 - Ai Takahashi, Japanese singer (Morning Musume) 1986 - A.J. Trauth, American actor 1986 - Alan Sheehan, Irish footballer 1987 - Michael Crabtree, American football player 1988 - Kirsten Haglund, American Beauty Queen 1989 - Jesse James, American actor
786 - Al-Hadi, Abbasid caliph 1146 - Zengi, ruler of Syria (b. 1087) 1214 - Albert Avogadro, Italian patriarch of Jerusalem (b. 1149) 1321 - Dante Alighieri, Italian author (b. 1265) 1404 - Albert IV of Austria, (b. 1377) 1538 - Henry III of Nassau-Breda, German nobleman (b. 1483) 1807 - George Townshend, 1st Marquess Townshend 1851 - James Fenimore Cooper, American author (b. 1789) 1927 - Isadora Duncan, American dancer (b. 1877) 1936 - Irving Thalberg, American film producer (b. 1899) 1942 - E.S. Gosney, American eugenicist (b. 1855) 1959 - Wayne Morris, American actor (b. 1914) 1960 - M. Karagatsis, Greek author (b. 1908) 1965 - J.W. Hearne, English cricketer (b. 1891) 1966 - Gertrude Berg, American actress (b. 1899) 1974 - Warren Hull, American actor (b. 1903) 1981 - Furry Lewis, American blues guitarist (b. 1899) 1982 - John Gardner, American novelist (b. 1933) 1982 - Grace Kelly, American actress 1982 - Christian Ferras, French violinist (b. 1933) 1984 - Janet Gaynor, American actress (b. 1906) 1989 - Dámaso Pérez Prado, Cuban musician (b. 1916) 1991 - Julie Bovasso, American actor and writer (b. 1930) 1996 - Juliet Prowse, British actress and dancer (b. 1937) 1999 - Charles Crichton, English film director (b. 1910) 2000 - Beah Richards, American actress (b. 1920) 2001 - Stelios Kazantzidis, Greek singer (b. 1931) 2003 - Yetunde Price, half-sister of Venus and Serena Williams (b. 1972) 2003 - John Serry, Sr. 2005 - Robert Wise, American filmmaker (b. 1914) 2005 - Vladimir Volkoff, French writer (b. 1932) 2006 - Mickey Hargitay, Hungarian actor and bodybuilder (b. 1926) 2006 - Esme Melville, Australian actress (b. 1918) 2008 - ªtefan Iordache, Romanian actor (b. 1941) 2009 - Patrick Swayze, American actor and dancer (born 1952)
786 - Harun al-Rashid becomes the Abbasid caliph upon the death of his brother al-Hadi. 1180 - Battle of Ishibashiyama in Japan. 1607 - Flight of the Earls from Lough Swilly, Donegal, Ireland. 1682 - Bishop Gore School, one of the oldest schools in Wales, founded. 1752 - The British Empire adopts the Gregorian calendar, skipping eleven days (the previous day was September 2). 1812 - Napoleonic Wars: French grenadiers enter Moscow. The Fire of Moscow begins as soon as Russian troops leave the city. 1814 - Francis Scott Key writes "The Star-Spangled Banner." 1829 - Ottoman Empire signs the Treaty of Adrianople with Russia, thus ending the Russo-Turkish War. 1847 - Mexican-American War: Winfield Scott captures Mexico City. 1862 - American Civil War: The Battle of South Mountain, part of the Maryland Campaign, is fought. 1901 - President of the United States William McKinley dies after an assassination attempt on September 6, and is succeeded by Theodore Roosevelt. 1917 - Russia is officially proclaimed a republic. 1923 - Miguel Primo de Rivera becomes dictator of Spain. 1944 - World War II: Maastricht becomes the first Dutch city that is liberated by allied forces. 1948 - Groundbreaking for the United Nations headquarters in New York City. 1958 - Two rockets designed by the German engineer Ernst Mohr, the first German post-war rockets, reach the upper atmosphere. 1959 - The Soviet probe Luna 2 crashes onto the Moon, becoming the first man-made object to reach it. 1960 - The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is founded. 1964 - The opening of the third period of the Second Vatican Council. 1965 - The opening of the fourth and final period of Second Vatican Council. 1975 - The first American saint, Elizabeth Ann Seton, is canonized by Pope Paul VI. 1982 - President-elect of Lebanon, Bachir Gemayel, is assassinated. 1984 - Joe Kittinger becomes the first person to fly a hot air balloon alone across the Atlantic Ocean. 1987 - The Toronto Blue Jays set a major league record for most home runs in a single game 1990 - Ken Griffey and his son Ken Jr. become the first father-son duo to hit back-to-back home runs. 1994 - The Major League Baseball season is canceled because of a strike. 1995 - Body Worlds opens in Tokyo, Japan 1998 - Telecommunications companies MCI Communications and WorldCom complete their $37 billion merger to form MCI WorldCom. 1999 - Kiribati, Nauru and Tonga join the United Nations. 2001 - Historic National Prayer Service held at Washington National Cathedral for victims of the September 11 attacks. A similar service is held in Canada on Parliament Hill, the largest vigil ever held in the nation's capital. 2003 - In a referendum Sweden rejects adopting the euro. 2003 - Estonia approves joining the European Union in a referendum. 2007 - Restrictions on the traditional Latin Mass are officially removed in the Roman Catholic Church as Pope Benedict XVI's motu proprio Summorum Pontificum takes effect.