1379 - Treaty of Neuberg, splitting the Austrian Habsburg lands between the Habsburg Dukes Albert III and Leopold III.
1493 - Battle of Krbava field, a decisive defeat of Croats in Croatian struggle against the Ottoman Empire invasion.
1513 - James IV of Scotland is defeated and dies in the Battle of Flodden Field, ending Scotland's involvement in the War of the League of Cambrai.
1543 - Mary Stuart, at nine months old, is crowned "Queen of Scots" in the central Scottish town of Stirling.
1739 - Stono Rebellion, the largest slave uprising in Britains mainland North American colonies prior to the American Revolution, erupts near Charleston, South Carolina.
1776 - The Continental Congress officially names their new union of sovereign states the United States.
1791 - Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States, is named after President George Washington.
1839 - John Herschel takes the first glass plate photograph.
1850 - California is admitted as the thirty-first U.S. state.
1850 - The Compromise of 1850 strips Texas of a third of its claimed territory (now parts of Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Wyoming) in return for the U.S. federal government assuming $10 million of Texas's pre-annexation debt.
1863 - American Civil War: The Union Army enters Chattanooga, Tennessee.
1886 - The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works is finalized.
1914 - World War I: The creation of the Canadian Automobile Machine Gun Brigade, the first fully mechanized unit in the British Army.
1922 - Greco-Turkish War of 1919-1922 has ended with Turkish victory over the Greeks.
1923 - Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the Republic of Turkey, founds the Republican People's Party (CHP).
1926 - The U.S. National Broadcasting Company formed.
1942 - World War II: A Japanese floatplane drops an incendiary bomb on Oregon.
1943 - World War II: The Allies land at Salerno and Taranto, Italy.
1944 - World War II: The Fatherland Front takes power in Bulgaria through a military coup in the capital and armed rebellion in the country. A new pro-Soviet government is established.
1945 - Second Sino-Japanese War: Japan formally surrenders to China.
1947 - First actual case of a computer bug being found: a moth lodges in a relay of a Harvard Mark II computer at Harvard University.
1948 - The Republic Day of Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
1956 - Elvis Presley appears on The Ed Sullivan Show for the first time.
1965 - The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development is established.
1965 - Hurricane Betsy makes its second landfall near New Orleans, Louisiana, leaving 76 dead and $1.42 billion ($10-12 billion in 2005 dollars) in damages, becoming the first hurricane to top $1 billion in unadjusted damages.
1966 - The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act is signed into law by U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson.
1969 - Allegheny Airlines Flight 853 DC-9 collides in flight with a Piper PA-28 and crashes near Fairland, Indiana.
1970 - A British airliner is hijacked by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and flown to Dawson's Field in Jordan.
1971 - The four-day Attica Prison riot begins, which eventually results in 39 dead, most killed by state troopers retaking the prison.
1991 - Tajikstan gains independence from the Soviet Union.
1993 - The Palestine Liberation Organization officially recognizes Israel as a legitimate state.
2001 - Ahmed Shah Massoud, leader of the Northern Alliance, is assassinated in Afghanistan.
2004 - 2004 Australian embassy bombing: A bomb explodes outside the Australian embassy in Jakarta, killing 10 people.